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作者 Nash, Carlos M
書名 Tone in Ekegusii: A Description of Nominal And Verbal Tonology
國際標準書號 9781124657493
book jacket
說明 234 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-08, Section: A, page: 2798
Advisers: Carol Genetti; Matthew Gordon
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Santa Barbara, 2011
Ekegusii, an under-described Bantu language spoken in southwestern Kenya, exhibits a variety of tonal patterns and phenomena. However, detailed understanding and broad generalization of tone have yet to be drawn. Previous research on Ekegusii tone focussed only on its presence in the verbal paradigm (Bickmore 1997 and 1999, Cammenga 2002)
There are two objectives to this research. One is to augment the phonological descriptions of Whiteley (1956, 1960) and Cammenga (2002). For the first time in Ekegusii research, an exhaustive justification for the phonemic status of segments is offered. The other is the primary objective: to provide an in-depth analysis of tone in Ekegusii, focussing on the lexical level. Based on the evidence of contrastive vowel length and restrictions on contour tones, an argument for the mora as the tone-bearing unit is put forth. Tonal patterns are accounted for within an autosegmental framework. The tonal rules developed and their ordering are carefully considered
The description of nominal tonology requires relatively few rules. Noun stems are categorized according to the number and location of underlying high tones. The tonal surface patterns are accounted for using spreading and delinking rules. Ekegusii verbs also employ the same tonal rules as nouns. Some verbs also demonstrate the presence of grammatical high tones---floating tones attributed to certain tenses/aspects. The grammatical high tone docks onto the verb and is conditioned to spread and delink according to the tonal property of the stem-initial mora
This work offers a rich data set. The transcription of the data is verified with the aid of acoustic analytic tools. With this data set, and those provided in previous publications, a better understanding of Ekegusii tonology is reached. This work shows that Ekegusii tonal rules are clearly motivated: (1) rightward binary spreading is motivated by articulatory constraints, (2) leftward binary spreading and long vowel penultimate delinking are motivated by phonological prohibitions on rising tone and long high-toned penultimate syllables, and (3) the delinking rule that prevents the spreading of high tone onto the recent/far past tense /a-/ is motivated by the need to preserve contrast with the hodiernal past tense /a-/
School code: 0035
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-08A
主題 Linguistics
0290
Alt Author University of California, Santa Barbara. Linguistics
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