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作者 Sommer, Matthew H
書名 Polyandry and Wife-Selling in Qing Dynasty China : Survival Strategies and Judicial Interventions
出版項 Berkeley : University of California Press, 2015
國際標準書號 9780520962194 (electronic bk.)
book jacket
版本 1st ed
說明 1 online resource (493 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Intro -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Conventions In The Text -- Introduction -- Part One Polyandry -- "Getting A Husband To Support A Husband" -- Attitudes Of Families, Communities, And Women Toward Polyandry -- The Intermediate Range Of Practice -- Part Two Wife-Selling -- Anatomy Of A Wife Sale -- Analysis Of The Prices In Wife Sales -- Negotiations Between Men Over Wife Sales -- Wives, Their Natal Families, And Children -- Four Variations On A Theme -- Part Three Polyandry And Wife-Selling In Qing Law -- Formal Law And Central Court Interpretation From Ming Through High Qing -- Absolutism Versus Pragmatism In Central Court Treatment Of Wife Sales -- Flexible Adjudication Of Routine Cases In The Local Courts -- Conclusion -- Appendices -- Character List -- Notes -- References -- Index
This book is a study of polyandry, wife-selling, and a variety of related practices in China during the Qing dynasty (1644-1912). By analyzing over 1200 legal cases from local and central court archives, Matthew Sommer explores the functions played by marriage, sex, and reproduction in the survival strategies of the rural poor under conditions of overpopulation, worsening sex ratios, and shrinking farm sizes. Polyandry and wife-selling represented opposite ends of a spectrum of strategies. At one end, polyandry was a means to keep the family together by expanding it. A woman would bring in a second husband in exchange for his help supporting her family. In contrast, wife sale was a means to survive by breaking up a family: a husband would secure an emergency infusion of cash while his wife would escape poverty and secure a fresh start with another man. Even though Qing law prohibited both practices under the rubric "illicit sexual relations," Sommer shows how magistrates charged with propagating and enforcing a fundamentalist Confucian vision of female chastity tried to cope with their social reality in the face of daunting poverty. This contradiction illuminates both the pragmatism of routine adjudication and the increasingly dysfunctional nature of the dynastic state in the face of mounting social crisis. By casting a spotlight on the rural poor and the experiences of both men and women, Sommer provides an alternative to the standard paradigms of women's history that have long dominated scholarship on gender and sexuality in late imperial China
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Sommer, Matthew H. Polyandry and Wife-Selling in Qing Dynasty China : Survival Strategies and Judicial Interventions Berkeley : University of California Press,c2015 9780520287037
主題 Married women -- China -- Social conditions -- Case studies.;Polyandry -- China -- Case studies.;Rural poor -- China -- Case studies
Electronic books
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