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作者 Suzuki, Toru
書名 Low fertility and population aging in Japan and Eastern Asia / Toru Suzuki
出版項 Tokyo : Springer, [2013]
國際標準書號 9784431547792
9784431547808 (eBook)
book jacket
館藏地 索書號 處理狀態 OPAC 訊息 條碼
 經濟所圖書館  HQ1064.J3 S89 2013    在架上    30510100322538
 人文社會聯圖  HQ1064.J3 S98 2013    到期 03-09-20    30610020469045
說明 viii, 87 p. : illustrations ; 24 cm
系列 SpringerBriefs in population studies, 2211-3215
Population studies of Japan, 2198-2724
附註 Includes bibliographical references (pages 79-87)
1 Introduction : The Plan of the Book -- 2 Demography of Low Fertility in Japan and Eastern Asia -- 3 Low Fertility in Comparative Perspective -- 4 Politics of Low Fertility in Japan and Eastern Asia -- 5 Demography of Population Aging in Japan and Eastern Asia -- 6 Politics of Population Aging in Eastern Asia -- 7 Concluding Remarks
This book compares low fertility and population aging of Japan with those of Eastern Asian countries including the Republic of Korea (“Korea” hereafter), the Republic of China (“Taiwan” hereafter) and the People’s Republic of China (“China” hereafter). Korea recorded a Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 1.08 in 2005, and Taiwan 0.895 in 2010. While these are astonishing figures rarely observed in other parts of the world, Japan’s low record TFR of 1.26 in 2005 was around the average of Southern/Eastern European countries that had experienced lowest-low fertility (Kohler et al. 2002) in the 1990s. Patterns of fertility decline and their covariates in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan are examined in Sect. 2. Demographic analysis on “tempo distortion” and decomposition into nuptiality and marital fertility are followed by an examination of proximate determinants and socioeconomic factors, including demand for children, the cost of childrearing, labor market condition, and female labor force participation
This book provides a unique comparative view of the extremely low fertility and drastic population aging in Eastern Asian countries. After discussing demographic and political developments of Japan in detail as a reference case, accelerated changes in Korea, Taiwan and China are interpreted with a comparative cultural view. In addition to the well-known cultural divide between countries with strong and weak family ties, this book proposes another divide between offspring of the feudal family and that of the Confucian family. Included is a discussion of how the discrepancy between the compressed change in the socioeconomic system and the slow change in the family system has resulted in extremely low fertility in Eastern Asia. A comparison of policy development reveals that the sense of overpopulation has caused difficulty in launching pro-natal policy interventions in Eastern Asia, especially in China. Impacts of fertility decline on population aging, total dependency ratio and the timing of population decline in Eastern Asia are analyzed with a stylized model. The remaining Confucian family pattern is especially important in understanding and predicting political development to cope with accelerated population aging. This book is a valuable resource for researchers who are interested in the latest and most surprising demographic phenomena in the region
主題 Aging -- Japan
Japan -- Population
Older people -- Japan
East Asia -- Population
Older people -- East Asia
Fertility, Human -- Japan
Fertility, Human zEast Asia
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