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作者 Suzuki, Yui
書名 The medicine master: Yakushi Buddha icons and devotional practices in Heian Japan
國際標準書號 9780542423284
book jacket
說明 302 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-11, Section: A, page: 3841
Chair: Donald F. McCallum
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Los Angeles, 2005
In this dissertation I investigate the religious and cultural role of Buddhist images during the Heian period (794--1184CE) in Japan. Buddhist images in the discipline of Japanese art history have typically been analyzed as aesthetic objects. Unfortunately, such a perspective fails to explain why the images were made, how they were venerated, and what functions they served in religious practice. Moreover, it reveals little about the people who worshipped them. In this study, I analyze Buddhist sculpture as icons: principal objects of worship that are enshrined and thus contextualized within ritual space. I utilize methodology outside of traditional art history, borrowing from anthropology, cultural history and religious studies, to contend that Buddhist icons are not merely representations of the sacred, but are regarded as the actual deities themselves; their powers heightened during ritual performances. Through contextual analysis I demonstrate that icons are the primary site of ongoing exchange between the human and the divine
I reexamine Heian period wooden Yakushi sculptures, also known in the West as Medicine Master Buddha, or the Healing Buddha (Skt. Bhais&dotbelow;ajya-guru). The large number of Heian period (794--1185) Yakushi statuary found all across Japan even today attests to the fact that worship of this deity was widely disseminated. My research attempts to understand why a significantly high number of Yakushi images were created during this period, a time of remarkable cultural, religious, artistic and political developments. By exploring these Medicine Buddhas in relation to how their iconographic forms were developed and promoted by certain religious and elite circles, and by studying their iconic functions in relation to their ritual programs, my thesis will render intelligible the complex phenomenon of image veneration: a central theme of Japanese religiosity. I also contend that the standing Yakushi icon type can be traced to the iconographical and ritual lineage of the Tendai sect, one of the most influential Buddhist institutions in premodern Japan
School code: 0031
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 66-11A
主題 Religion, General
Art History
0318
0377
Alt Author University of California, Los Angeles
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