MARC 主機 00000nam  2200385   4500 
001    AAI9951229 
005    20070813113118.5 
008    070813s1999                        eng d 
020    9780599534452 
035    (UMI)AAI9951229 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Suzuki, Takaaki 
245 10 Two aspects of Japanese case in acquisition 
300    170 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 60-
       11, Section: A, page: 3990 
500    Chairperson:  William O'Grady 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 1999 
520    Two aspects of Japanese case are investigated in first 
       language acquisition: morphological case-marking and case 
       particle deletion. Experimental research is focused on 
       children's use of nominative and accusative case particles
       and their omissibility as manifested in a subject-object 
       asymmetry 
520    The central questions for morphological case-marking 
       involve what types of errors children make and what causes
       the errors. Case-marking particles for intransitive verbs,
       transitive verbs, and dyadic stative verbals are examined.
       The results showed that the predominant errors were 
       overextension of the nominative case particle to the 
       direct object of transitive verbs. The effects of verb 
       semantics and argument animacy were found to be 
       significant. I suggest that the children's case-marking 
       errors are rooted in multiple factors, and discuss various
       hypotheses to account for each factor 
520    Case particle deletion is typically manifested in a 
       subject-object asymmetry. In hierarchical syntactic 
       representations, case particles for arguments in the 
       direct object position may be deleted while those for 
       arguments in the subject position may not. This syntactic 
       constraint was investigated in children's language in the 
       same experiments that examined morphological case-marking.
       The results revealed that the children basically followed 
       the syntactic constraint: accusative o was more likely to 
       be deleted than nominative  ga for transitive verbs. 
       Moreover, they demonstrated that their knowledge referred 
       to syntactic positions in hierarchical structures, because
       the subject-object asymmetry was also observed for dyadic 
       stative verbals, where both subjects and direct objects 
       are marked with the nominative case particle 
520    One of the most striking results in the comparison of the 
       two aspects is the age factor. For case particle deletion,
       even 3-year old children tended to follow the syntactic 
       constraint, whereas for morphological case-marking the 
       older preschool children made a number of errors. The 
       seemingly more abstract aspect of the omissibility of case
       particles is basically error-free, whereas the more 
       concrete morphological phenomenon of case-marking appears 
       to be more difficult and takes more time to learn. These 
       two aspects seem to spring from different grounds and 
       follow different paths in the child's grammar, which 
       suggests that the learning processes involved for each 
       aspect may be quite different 
590    School code: 0085 
590    DDC 
650  4 Language, Linguistics 
650  4 Psychology, Developmental 
650  4 Psychology, Cognitive 
690    0290 
690    0620 
690    0633 
710 20 University of Hawai'i at Manoa 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g60-11A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
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