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說明 85 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 44-09, Section: B, page: 2891
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Herman M. Finch University of Health Sciences - The Chicago Medical School, 1983
This study was undertaken to determine if the personological variables of alienation, psychogenic attitudes, and health locus of control might be considered as significant intervening variables between life change and illness
Five questionnaires were administered to college student volunteers on two occasions with a six month interval between pre- and post-assessment. This allowed for two retrospective comparisons and one prospective analysis of the relationship betwen the various study variables and illness. The College Schedule of Recent Experience was utilized to measure the amount of life change or stress experienced by each subject over time intervals of one year and six months. Similar time intervals were employed in deriving illness estimates as measured by the Seriousness of Illness Rating Scale. Personality was assessed primarily via the Alienation Test derived from existential personality theory. Attitudinal variables included the Psychogenic Attitude Scales of the Millon Behavioral Health Inventory and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale
A series of correlations using Pearson r were obtained to assess the relationship between each of the study variables and illness. The correlation between life change and illness was significant beyond the .001 level for both retrospective comparisons and for the prospective analysis. The relationship between alienation and illness reached significance for only one of the retrospective comparisons. Other personological variables that attained significant positive correlations prospectively with illness were chronic tension and premorbid pessimism. Chance external locus of control was significantly negatively correlated with illness, a relationship that ran counter to expectations
A hypothetical causal model of illness onset including prior illness, stress, alienation, and attitudinal variables was examined via hierarchical multiple regression. While the model accounted for a total R-square beyond the .001 level, prior illness had a clearly overriding effect on the other independent variables
The conceptual and methodological implications of utilizing preassessment levels of illness were discussed along with suggestions for the refinement of instruments used to measure illness. Further study of the alienation variables within the context of psychological hardiness was recommended
School code: 0044
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 44-09B
主題 Psychology, Clinical
Alt Author The Herman M. Finch University of Health Sciences - The Chicago Medical School
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