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作者 Wakil, Gulraze
書名 Conservatism, earnings persistence, and the accruals anomaly
國際標準書號 9781124585895
book jacket
說明 239 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-06, Section: A, page: 2072
Adviser: Pervaiz Alam
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Kent State University, 2011
A consequence of accruals anomaly is the ability to make significant abnormal returns by using information about the components of accounting earnings---accruals and cash flows. Surprisingly, these abnormal returns from the mispricing of stocks due to accruals are still found by accounting and finance researchers even though the accruals anomaly was initially identified in 1996. The prominent reason for the accruals anomaly is that the persistence of accruals in predicting future earnings is misinterpreted by investors. Sloan (1996) found that stock prices do not instantaneously capture the differential persistence of accruals and cash flows. In other words, investors tend to overprice accruals and under price cash flows when developing earnings expectations. As a result, high accrual firms earn negative abnormal returns and low accrual firms earn positive abnormal returns in the future when accruals turn out to be less persistent than cash flows
This study examines how accounting conservatism affects accrual persistence and, in turn, the ability to earn abnormal returns. Conservative accounting practice results from recognizing losses in a timely manner and reporting lower book values. Relying on contracting theory, I split conservatism into contracting, litigation, regulation, and taxation explanations (Watts, 2003). Specifically, I investigate: (1) How is the persistence of different magnitudes of accruals affected by overall degree of conservatism and each of the conservatism explanations? (2) What effect does the overall degree of conservatism and each of the conservatism explanations have on the accruals anomaly?
Consistent with expectations, the findings show that accounting conservatism increases the persistence of accruals in high accrual firms. This increase in persistence is also supported by conservatism explained by contracting and litigation. Additionally, the increased persistence from overall degree of conservatism is shown to lower accrual anomaly of high conservatism and high accrual firms. These results are further supported by the market efficiency tests using the Mishkin (1983) model
The dissertation contributes to the literature by revealing the relationship between conservatism, accruals anomaly, and security returns, which has not been documented before at the firm-level. These findings should have broad implications for accounting standards setters and investors. The FASB has recently expressed concerns about conservatism's lack of neutrality. This study lends support for retaining accounting conservatism in financial reporting by demonstrating that conservatism increases the persistence of accruals and reduces future negative abnormal returns of high accrual firms. The latter result indicates that greater conservatism could potentially reduce the accruals anomaly from high accrual firms
School code: 0101
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-06A
主題 Business Administration, Management
Alt Author Kent State University. College of Business Administration / Department of Accounting
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