Record:   Prev Next
作者 Prooijen, Jan-Willem van, 1975- author
書名 The Moral Punishment Instinct / Jan-Willem van Prooijen
出版項 New York, NY : Oxford University Press, [2018]
國際標準書號 9780190609979 (hardback)
0190609974 (hardback)
國際標準號碼 40027852213
book jacket
館藏地 索書號 處理狀態 OPAC 訊息 條碼
 歐美所圖書館  303.36 P9451 2018    到期 05-18-22  -  30500101551102
說明 ix, 291 pages ; 25 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
系列 Perspectives on justice and morality
Perspectives on justice and morality
附註 " Punishment of offenders is one of the most universal features of human behavior. Across time and cultures it has been common for people to punish offenders, and one can easily find examples of punishment among ancient hunter-gatherers, in holy scriptures, in popular culture, and in contemporary courts of law. Punishment is not restricted to criminal offenders, but emerges within all spheres of our social life, including corporations, public institutions, traffic, sports matches, schools, parenting, and more. Punishment strongly influences what we think, how we feel, and what we do. The Moral Punishment Instinct asserts that people possess a hard-wired tendency to aggress against those who violate the norms of their group. We have evolved this instinct because of its power to control behavior by curbing selfishness and free-riding, thereby providing incentives to stimulate the mutual cooperation that ancient hunter-gatherers needed in order to survive in challenging natural environments. In this book, Jan-Willem van Prooijen methodically describes how punishment originates from moral emotions, stimulates cooperation, and shapes the social life of human beings. Guided by a host of recognizable and relatable examples, this book illuminates how the moral punishment instinct manifests itself among a variety of modern human cultures, children, tribes of hunter-gatherers, and even non-human animals-all while accounting for the role of this instinct in religion, war, racial bias, restorative justice, gossip, torture, and radical terrorism. "-- Provided by publisher
"People universally punish offenders. Why? This book proposes that people possess a moral punishment instinct: A hard-wired tendency to aggress against those who violate the norms of the group. This instinct is reflected in how punishment originates from moral emotions, stimulates cooperation, and shapes the social life of human beings"-- Provided by publisher
Includes bibliographical references (pages 263-283) and index
Introduction -- Motives for Punishment -- Reason or Intuition? -- Origins of the Moral Punishment Instinct -- Punishment and Cooperation -- When Punishment Backfires -- Black Sheeps versus Ingroup Favoritism -- Punishing Dangerous Outsiders -- Revenge, Gossip, and Restorative Justice
主題 Punishment (Psychology)
Criminology -- Psychological aspects
Record:   Prev Next