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作者 Bittles, Alan H
書名 Consanguinity in Context
出版項 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2012
國際標準書號 9781139419468 (electronic bk.)
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (330 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
系列 Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology ; v.63
Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology
附註 Cover -- Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology 63 -- Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- 1 Consanguineous marriage, past and present -- Introduction -- Early urban development and social stratification -- Human mating as a genetic continuum -- Basic measurements of consanguinity in human populations -- Western attitudes to consanguineous marriage -- Marriage in geographical, social and religious isolates -- Anecdotal tales of close kin unions - licit and illicit -- Consanguineous marriage among European royalty and other dynasties -- The Spanish Habsburgs -- The Rothschild banking family -- The Lubavicher Hasidim -- Commentary -- 2 Religious attitudes and rulings on consanguineous marriage -- Introduction -- Consanguinity and religion -- Judaism -- Christianity -- Legislation on consanguineous marriage within the early Christian Church -- Regulation of consanguinity in the Latin Church -- The attitudes of Post-Reformation Protestant denominations to consanguineous marriage -- The Anglican schism -- Islam -- Hinduism -- Sikhism -- Buddhism -- Confucian/Taoist tradition -- Zoroastrian/Parsi -- Commentary -- 3 Civil legislation on consanguineous and affinal marriage -- Introduction -- The law in Great Britain on consanguinity and affinity -- Countries with civil legislation restricting consanguineous marriage -- United States of America -- Peoples Republic of China and Taiwan -- The Republic of Korea and the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea -- The Philippines -- Consanguineous marriage and international law -- Commentary -- 4 Consanguinity: the scientific and medical debates of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries -- Introduction -- Early medical studies on consanguinity in the USA -- Dr Samuel Bemiss and the health outcomes of consanguinity
Lewis Henry Morgan and the classification of biological relationships -- Alexander Graham Bell, consanguinity and the education of the deaf -- George Arner and consanguineous marriage in the USA -- Early consanguinity studies in Great Britain and Ireland -- Sir William Wilde, cousin marriage and deaf-mutism -- Dr Arthur Mitchell and cousin marriage in Scots fishing villages -- Charles Darwin, cousin marriage and family concerns -- George Darwin and isonymy -- Cousin marriage in decline -- Eugenics and the consanguinity debate -- Consanguinity and the application of biometric analysis -- Sir Francis Galton, consanguinity and paradoxical facts -- Eugenics and purging of the gene pool -- Commentary -- 5 Demographic and socioeconomic aspects of consanguineous marriage -- Introduction -- The global prevalence of consanguineous marriage -- Western societies -- Japan -- South Asia -- South India -- Pakistan -- The Middle East -- Societal and regional preferences in types of consanguineous marriage -- Demographic, social and economic correlates of consanguinity -- Consanguinity, education and socioeconomic status -- Consanguinity, age at marriage and reproductive span -- Consanguinity, marital stability and marital violence -- Consanguinity and dowry in India -- Consanguinity and gender equality -- Differential female autonomy in North and South India -- Commentary -- 6 A population genetics perspective on consanguinity -- Introduction -- Sampling and analytical protocols in consanguinity studies -- Criteria for data collection -- The genetic significance of specific types of consanguineous union -- Potential confounding issues in consanguinity studies -- Genetic drift and founder effect -- Disentangling the influence of consanguinity and endogamy on health outcomes -- The genetic effects of population subdivisions
Measuring consanguinity at individual and population levels -- Coefficients of relationship and inbreeding -- The mean population coefficient of inbreeding -- Cumulative consanguinity and its calculation -- Recessive disease incidence and rates of consanguineous marriage -- The concept of genetic load and its application in consanguinity studies -- Genomic approaches to consanguinity measurement -- Consanguinity and runs of homozygosity -- Control for population stratification -- Commentary -- 7 Consanguinity and reproductive behaviour -- Introduction -- Basic shortcomings in studies of human fertility -- Genetically determined factors influencing human mate choice -- Olfactory recognition systems in mate choice -- Visual recognition cues in mate choice -- Combined genome-wide and HLA-based studies on mate choice -- Genetic factors that facilitate embryonic implantation and fetal growth -- Studies which support the mother-fetus compatibility hypothesis -- The fetal allograft hypothesis -- Comparative fertility in consanguineous and non-consanguineous couples -- Consanguinity, infertility, and spontaneous prenatal losses -- Consanguinity and reproductive success -- An overview of the relationship between consanguinity and fertility -- Consanguinity and proximal and modifying determinants of fertility -- Consanguinity and reproductive compensation -- The problem of undeclared contraception -- Commentary -- 8 Consanguinity and metrical traits at birth and in childhood -- Introduction -- Consanguinity and body dimensions -- Birth measurements -- Anthropometric measurements in childhood -- Consanguinity, vision and hearing -- Dental characteristics -- Psychometric measures -- Consanguinity and blood pressure -- Commentary -- 9 Consanguinity and pre-reproductive mortality -- Introduction -- Meta-analysis of consanguinity and early deaths
Consanguinity and stillbirths -- Consanguinity and infant deaths -- Consanguinity and total pre-reproductive mortality -- Overall assessment of the mortality findings -- Commentary -- 10 Consanguinity and morbidity in early life -- Introduction -- Single gene defects -- Childhood deafness -- Visual defects -- Dental anomalies -- Congenital defects -- Congenital heart defects -- Neural tube defects -- Oral and facial clefts -- Intellectual and developmental disability -- Autosomal recessive non-syndromic intellectual disability -- Neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood -- Epilepsy -- Autism -- Down syndrome -- Mitochondrial disorders -- Commentary -- 11 Consanguinity and disorders of adulthood -- Introduction -- Consanguinity and age-related diseases states -- Consanguinity and cardiovascular disease -- Consanguinity and diabetes -- Consanguinity and cancers -- Behavioural and psychiatric disorders -- Schizophrenia -- Consanguinity and bipolar disease -- Consanguinity and Alzheimer disease -- Consanguinity and infectious disease -- Tuberculosis -- Leprosy -- Multiple sclerosis -- Consanguinity and infertility -- Consanguinity and coagulation disorders -- Commentary -- 12 Incest -- Introduction -- The legal boundaries of incest -- Dynastic incestuous marriage -- Pharaonic Egypt -- Ptolemaic Egypt -- Historical examples of non-dynastic incestuous marriage -- Roman Egypt -- Zoroastrian Iran -- The incidence and biological outcomes of incest in modern societies -- The incidence of incest -- Psychiatric outcomes of incest -- Clinical and genetic outcomes of incest -- Commentary -- 13 Genetic screening, education and counselling in consanguineous marriage -- Introduction -- Genetic screening and diagnostic testing -- Genetic knowledge in different societies -- Consanguinity and screening for genetic carrier status in schoolchildren
Consanguinity and premarital population screening programmes -- Reproductive options for carrier couples identified by premarital screening -- Prenatal diagnosis of genetic disorders -- Medical termination of pregnancy -- Newborn screening for genetic disease -- Inductive screening in consanguineous families -- Family- and community-oriented counselling in consanguineous marriages -- Consanguinity and genetic disease registers -- Consanguineous marriage in a public health context -- The role of medical and ancillary staff -- International knowledge transfer -- Commentary -- 14 Whither consanguineous marriage? -- Introduction -- Can consanguinity be beneficial to human health? -- Consanguinity and major haemoglobinopathies -- Consanguinity and the role of epigenetics -- Consanguinity and altruism -- Consanguinity and donor matching in organ and cell-mediated transplantation -- Human health and the declining prevalence of consanguineous marriage -- Consanguineous marriage and contemporary legal issues -- The current legal status of consanguineous marriage -- Consanguinity, international legislation on the right to marry, and genetic discrimination -- Assisted reproduction and inadvertent consanguinity -- Commentary -- 15 Consanguinity in context -- Introduction -- Assessing the health outcomes of consanguineous marriage -- Consanguinity and population stratification -- Socioeconomic, demographic and environmental variables and consanguinity outcomes -- Towards a more balanced assessment of consanguineous marriage -- Down syndrome -- Fetal alcohol syndrome -- The changing community perceptions of consanguineous marriage -- What to do? Seeking a beneficial compromise -- References -- Index
An essential guide to the sensitive topic of cousin marriage, examining its social, medical, political and legal connotations
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Bittles, Alan H. Consanguinity in Context Cambridge : Cambridge University Press,c2012 9780521781862
主題 Consanguinity -- Health aspects.;Consanguinity.;Human population genetics.;Incest -- Psychological aspects.;Kinship
Electronic books
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