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作者 Marchionini, Gary
書名 Information concepts [electronic resource] : from books to cyberspace identities / Gary Marchionini
出版項 San Rafael, Calif. (1537 Fourth Street, San Rafael, CA 94901 USA) : Morgan & Claypool, c2010
國際標準書號 9781598299632 (electronic bk.)
9781598299625 (pbk.)
國際標準號碼 10.2200/S00306ED1V01Y201010ICR016 doi
book jacket
說明 1 electronic text (ix, 91 p.) : ill., digital file
系列 Synthesis lectures on information concepts, retrieval, and services, 1947-9468 ; # 16
Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science
Synthesis lectures on information concepts, retrieval, and services, 1947-9468 ; # 16
附註 Part of: Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science
Series from website
Includes bibliographical references (p. 81-89)
1. The many meanings of information -- Five senses of information -- Information senses framework -- Information terminology and the socio-technical perspective --
2. Information as thought and memory -- Noumenal clouds -- What we know -- Memory -- Perception -- How we know -- Information processing and cognitive architectures -- Biological information processing -- What we feel --
3. Information as communication process -- Human acts of information -- Intention -- Execution -- The effects of information acts --
4. Interaction as information act -- Information as artifact -- Artifacts -- Form -- Substrate -- Methods -- Tools -- Information life spiral -- Create -- Personal manage -- Personal use -- Share -- Public manage -- Public use -- Artifact evolution -- Electronic information artifacts and human experience --
5. Information as energy -- Change in physical state: reduction in uncertainty -- Change in mental and social states --
6. Information as identity in cyberspace: the fifth voice -- Cyberspace -- Cyberinfrastructure interfaces -- Human information interaction -- Use and interaction -- People interacting with information artifacts -- Agents -- Levels of interaction -- Information interaction summary -- Personal and public identities -- Personal identity -- Public identities -- Projections, reflections, and proflections of identity -- Exoinformation and projections -- Reflections --
7. Conclusion and directions -- Bibliography -- Author's biography
Abstract freely available; full-text restricted to subscribers or individual document purchasers
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Mode of access: World Wide Web
System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader
Information is essential to all human activity, and information in electronic form both amplifies and augments human information interactions. This lecture surveys some of the different classical meanings of information, focuses on the ways that electronic technologies are affecting how we think about these senses of information, and introduces an emerging sense of information that has implications for how we work, play, and interact with others. The evolutions of computers and electronic networks and people's uses and adaptations of these tools manifesting a dynamic space called cyberspace. Our traces of activity in cyberspace give rise to a new sense of information as instantaneous identity states that I term proflection of self. Proflections of self influence how others act toward us. Four classical senses of information are described as context for this new form of information. The four senses selected for inclusion here are the following: thought and memory, communication process, artifact, and energy. Human mental activity and state (thought and memory) have neurological, cognitive, and affective facets.The act of informing (communication process) is considered from the perspective of human intentionality and technical developments that have dramatically amplified human communication capabilities. Information artifacts comprise a common sense of information that gives rise to a variety of information industries. Energy is the most general sense of information and is considered from the point of view of physical, mental, and social state change. This sense includes information theory as a measurable reduction in uncertainty. This lecture emphasizes how electronic representations have blurred media boundaries and added computational behaviors that yield new forms of information interaction, which, in turn, are stored, aggregated, and mined to create profiles that represent our cyber identities
Also available in print
主題 Information theory
Information behavior
Electronic information resources -- Philosophy
Human-information interaction
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