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作者 Swaddle, T. W
書名 Inorganic Chemistry : An Industrial and Environmental Perspective
出版項 San Diego : Elsevier Science & Technology, 1997
©1997
國際標準書號 9780080534688 (electronic bk.)
9780126785500
book jacket
版本 1st ed
說明 1 online resource (499 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Front Cover -- Inorganic Chemistry: An Industrial and Environmental Perspective -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Preface -- Chapter 1. Importance of Inorganic Chemistry -- 1.1 Historical Overview -- 1.2 Occurrence and Uses of the Commonest Elements -- Chapter 2. Chemical Energetics -- 2.1 Kinetics and Thermodynamics -- 2.2 Activities in Electrolyte Solutions -- 2.3 Equilibrium and Energy -- 2.4 Temperature and Pressure Effects on Equilibrium -- 2.5 Chemical Kinetics: Basic Principles -- 2.6 Ionization Potential and Electron Affinity -- 2.7 Electronegativity and Bond Energies -- 2.8 Electronegativity and Chemical Properties -- 2.9 Hard and Soft Acids and Bases -- 2.10 Multiple Bonding and Its Chemical Consequences -- 2.11 Explosives and Propellants -- Chapter 3. Catenation Inorganic Macromolecules -- 3.1 Factors Favoring Catenation -- 3.2 Homocatenation of Carbon -- 3.3 Boron Nitride -- 3.4 Homocatenation of Sulfur -- 3.5 Catenation of Silicon -- 3.6 Phosphazenes -- Chapter 4. Crystalline Solids -- 4.1 Determination of Crystal Structure -- 4.2 Bonding in Solids -- 4.3 The Close Packing Concept -- 4.4 Binary Ionic Solids: Common Structural Types -- 4.5 Radius Ratio Rules -- 4.6 Ionic Solids and Close Packing -- 4.7 Energetics of Ionic Compounds -- Chapter 5. The Defect Solid State -- 5.1 Inevitability of Crystal Defects -- 5.2 Main Types of Crystal Defects -- 5.3 Impurity Defects and Semiconduction -- 5.4 Nonstoichiometry -- 5.5 Metal Oxides and Sulfides as Extrinsic Semiconductors -- 5.6 Mechanism of Scaling of Metals -- 5.7 Interstitial Compounds -- Chapter 6. Inorganic Solids as Heterogeneous Catalysts -- 6.1 Heterogeneous Catalysis -- 6.2 Transition Metals as Catalysts -- 6.3 Defect Oxides and Sulfides in Catalysis -- 6.4 Catalysis by Stoichiometric Oxides -- 6.5 Photocatalysis by Inorganic Solids
Chapter 7. Silicates. Aluminates. and Phosphates -- 7.1 Silicate Structures -- 7.2 Aluminosilicates -- 7.3 Zeolites -- 7.4 Clays -- 7.5 Silica and Silicate Glasses -- 7.6 Soluble Silicates and Aluminates -- 7.7 Phosphates and Aluminophosphates -- Chapter 8. The Atmosphere and Atmospheric Pollution -- 8.1 Carbon Dioxide and Greenhouse Gases -- 8.2 Carbon Monoxide -- 8.3 Ozone -- 8.4 Nitrogen Oxides -- 8.5 Sulfur Dioxide and Trioxide -- Chapter 9. Nitrogen. Phosphorus. and Potash in Agriculture -- 9.1 Natural Sources of Fixed Nitrogen -- 9.2 Direct Combination of Nitrogen and Oxygen -- 9.3 Ammonia Synthesis -- 9.4 Nitric Acid and Ammonium Nitrate -- 9.5 Sulfates -- 9.6 Phosphates -- 9.7 Potash -- Chapter 10. Sulfur and Sulfur Compounds -- 10.1 Elemental Sulfur -- 10.2 Sulfuric Acid -- 10.3 Other Products from Elemental Sulfur -- 10.4 Sulfur Chemicals in the Pulp and Paper Industry -- Chapter 11. Alkalis and Related Products -- 11.1 Lime Burning -- 11.2 Cement and Concrete -- 11.3 Soda Ash -- 11.4 Caustic Soda: The Chloralkali Industry -- Chapter 12. The Halogens -- 12.1 The Chlorine Controversy -- 12.2 Oxides and Oxoacids of Chlorine -- 12.3 Fluorine and Fluorine Compounds -- 12.4 Bromine and Iodine -- Chapter 13. Ions in Solution -- 13.1 Energetics of Solvation -- 13.2 Metal Complexes -- 13.3 Chelation -- 13.4 Stability Constants -- 13.5 Uses of Complexing Agents -- 13.6 Hydrolysis of Aqueous Cations -- Chapter 14. Water Conditioning -- 14.1 Importance of Water Treatment -- 14.2 Suspended and Colloidal Matter -- 14.3 Origin and Effects of Dissolved Solids -- 14.4 Treatment for Dissolved Solids -- 14.5 Sewage Treatment -- 14.6 Dissolved Gases -- 14.7 Bacteria and Algae -- Chapter 15. Oxidation and Reduction in Solution -- 15.1 Galvanic Cells -- 15.2 Manipulation and Use of Electrode Potentials -- 15.3 Pourbaix (Eh-pH) Diagrams
15.4 Kinetic Aspects of Electrochemistry: Overpotential -- 15.5 Fuel Cells -- 15.6 Electrochemical Energy Storage Cells -- 15.7 Electrolysis, Electroplating, and Electroforming -- Chapter 16. Corrosion of Metals -- 16.1 Bimetallic Corrosion -- 16.2 Single-Metal Corrosion -- 16.3 Role of Oxide Films -- 16.4 Crevice and Intergranular Corrosion -- 16.5 Corrosion by Acids and with Complexing Agents -- 16.6 Role of Overpotential in Corrosion -- 16.7 Control of Corrosion -- 16.8 Stainless Steels -- Chapter 17. Extractive Metallurgy -- 17.1 Gravity and Flotation Methods of Ore Concentration -- 17.2 Hydrometallurgical Concentration and Separation -- 17.3 Solvent Extraction and Ion-Exchange Separations -- 17.4 Separations Utilizing Special Properties -- 17.5 Electrolytic Reduction of Concentrate -- 17.6 Chemical Reduction of Concentrate -- 17.7 Pyrometallurgy of Oxides -- 17.8 Pyrometallurgy of Halides and Sulfides -- Chapter 18. Organometallics -- 18.1 Alkyl Compounds of Some Main Group Metals -- 18.2 Organotransition Metal Compounds -- 18.3 Transition Metal Complexes as Homogeneous Catalysts -- 18.4 Olefin Polymerization Catalysts -- Chapter 19. Some Newer Solid-state Technologies -- 19.1 Sol-Gel Science -- 19.2 Materials for Electronics -- 19.3 Magnetic Materials and Superconductors -- Appendix A. Useful Constants -- Appendix B. The Chemical Elements: Standard Atomic Masses -- Appendix C. Chemical Thermodynamic Data -- Appendix D. Standard Electrode Potentials for Aqueous Solutions -- Appendix E. Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds -- Appendix F. Ionic Radii -- Index
This book addresses the question, What is inorganic chemistry good for? rather than the more traditional question, How can we develop a theoretical basis for inorganic chemistry from sophisticated theories of bonding? The book prepares students of science or engineering for entry into the multi-billion-dollar inorganic chemical and related industries, and for rational approaches to environmental problems such as pollution abatement, corrosion control, and water treatment. A much expanded and updated revision of the 1990 text, Applied Inorganic Chemistry (University of Calgary Press), Inorganic Chemistry covers topics including atmospheric pollution and its abatement, water conditioning, fertilizers, cement chemistry, extractive metallurgy, metallic corrosion, catalysts, fuel cells and advanced batter technology, pulp and paper production, explosives, supercritical fluids, sol-gel science, materials for electronics, and superconductors. Though the book waswritten as a textbook for undergraduates with a background of freshman chemistry, it will also be a valuable sourcebook for practicing chemists, engineers, environmental scientists, geologists, and educators. Key Features @bul
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Swaddle, T. W. Inorganic Chemistry : An Industrial and Environmental Perspective San Diego : Elsevier Science & Technology,c1997 9780126785500
主題 Chemical engineering
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