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作者 Kroeze, Daniel G
書名 A semantic study of the lexical field of 'fear' terms in Biblical Hebrew
國際標準書號 0496753827
book jacket
說明 268 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-04, Section: A, page: 1341
Supervisor: Michael V. Fox
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of Wisconsin - Madison, 2004
This study offers a semantic analysis of the vocabulary of 'fear' terms in Biblical Hebrew. Biblical scholarship, including the area of semantics, has lagged behind some of the advances made in modern linguistic theory. In particular, semantic studies of the meanings of biblical Hebrew words have usually been carried out atomistically. This is the approach of most Hebrew lexicons which provide an analysis of single words in alphabetical order. Modern semantics suggests that it is better to investigate the relationships that exist within a group of words with similar meanings in order to more accurately arrive at the meaning of any single word. Such an analysis is known in linguistic terms as a semantic field approach. The purpose of the present study is to follow this method, plotting the individual lexical meanings of these words within a larger semantic field. The goal is not to propose new definitions to these words. The aim is to fine tune the traditional meanings by identifying the unique nuance of each word. Thereby, this study will make it possible to go beyond the general or casual comments that are commonly offered, and provide a carefully drawn picture of the semantic field of fear in Biblical Hebrew
The first chapter clarifies the issues involved in a semantic analysis of Biblical Hebrew words. It briefly introduces some of the linguistic principles first articulated by F. de Saussure at the beginning of the twentieth century. It focuses particularly on some of the issues and problems related to synchrony and diachrony that face any linguistic analysis of Biblical Hebrew
The second chapter examines the concept of fear. It seeks to identify some of the components of fear. It also provides an example of how varieties of fear can be defined in the vocabulary of semantic metalanguage
Chapter three presents a syntagmatic analysis of the individual Hebrew words associated with fear. The syntactic relationships within the context of each occurrence will be analyzed to determine what contribution they make to the meaning of the words. By this method, a definition of meaning in association to the components of the various types of fear will be formed, rather than glosses
Chapter four addresses the key phrase yirat Adonai, the fear of the Lord, and the language-specific application that this phrase has in Biblical Hebrew. In particular, it defines a positive application of the Hebrew word yar˙e in the many cases where God is the object. In addition, it suggests a rationale for how a normally negative emotion, such as fear, developed a positive application in ancient Israelite culture and religion
Finally, chapter five attempts to plot the Hebrew terms within the semantic field of fear. The chapter defines the semantic relationships of the words. Since these words fit within the same semantic category (fear), they exhibit much overlap. The similarities will be noted. The words will also be distinguished and separated into mini-categories within the broader field of fear. The particular nuance of each word will emerge. In the end, three types of fear will be identified along with the words that are associated with each type
School code: 0262
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 65-04A
主題 Language, Ancient
Language, Linguistics
Alt Author The University of Wisconsin - Madison
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