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作者 Battistella, Edwin L
書名 The Logic of Markedness
出版項 Cary : Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 1996
國際標準書號 9780195355925 (electronic bk.)
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (188 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Intro -- Contents -- Introduction -- One: On Markedness -- Leading Ideas -- Correlations and Criteria -- Marked and Unmarked -- Two: The Development of Markedness in Jakobson's Work -- Child Language, Aphasia, and Universals of Language -- Jakobson's Later Work -- Three: The Heirs of Jakobson -- Iconism of Values -- Invariance of Meaning -- Universals -- Functionalism -- Further Aspects of Markedness -- Reversal -- Neutralization -- Markedness Assimilation -- Names -- Punctuation -- Conclusion -- Four: Chomsky on Markedness -- The Sound Pattern of English -- The Extended Standard Theory -- Core Grammar -- Principles and Parameters -- Exemplification -- Economy and Minimalism -- Overview -- Five: Departures from the Core -- The Evaluation Metric -- Instantiations of Core Grammar -- Parameters -- Creoles -- Functional Motivation -- Poverty-of-Stimulus Arguments -- Indirect Negative Evidence and Strength Markedness -- Manzini and Wexler on the Subset Principle -- Extensions of the Subset Approach -- Triggering Experiences -- Second Language Acquisition -- Conclusion -- Six: Jakobson and Chomsky: Bridging Invariance and Variation -- Beyond Formalism -- Two Models of Markedness -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Z
Theories of language espoused by linguists during much of this century have assumed that there is a hierarchy to the elements of language such that certain constructions, rules, and features are unmarked while others are marked; "play" for example, is unmarked or neutral, while "played" or "player" is marked. This opposition, referred to as markedness, is one of the concepts which both Chomskyan generative grammar and Jakobsonian structuralism appear to share, yet which each tradition has treated differently. Battistella studies the historical development of the concept of markedness in the Prague School structuralism of Roman Jakobson, its importation into generative linguistics, and its subsequent development within Chomsky's "principles and parameters" framework. He traces how structuralist and generative linguistics have drawn on and expanded the notion of markedness, both as a means of characterizing linguistic constructs and as a theory of the innate language faculty
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Battistella, Edwin L. The Logic of Markedness Cary : Oxford University Press, Incorporated,c1996 9780195103946
主題 Chomsky, Noam -- Contributions in markedness.;Jakobson, Roman, -- 1896-1982 -- Contributions in markedness.;Markedness (Linguistics)
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