Author Striplin, Timothy Allen
Title The eighth- and ninth-century Frankish Alleluia
book jacket
Descript 401 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-03, Section: A, page: 0820
Adviser: John Nadas
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2005
This dissertation is a study of the Alleluia of the Mass as it developed in the eighth and ninth centuries. It presents a reassessment of the earliest evidence for the growth, development, and transmission of the Mass Alleluia repertory within the Carolingian world. It is argued here that the Frankish program of "Romanization" involved not only the adoption of the cantus romanus but also the transformation and adaptation of that chant by the Franks. In the process of hybridization, the northern ecclesiastical reformers added a number of newly-composed Alleluias to the relatively small fund provided them by the Romans. This study explores these eighth- and ninth-century "Frankish Alleluias." An examination of their melodies, texts, liturgical assignments, and patterns of transmission offers evidence with chronological significance
Comparative analysis of the Alleluias appearing in the three Old Roman gradualia and the six manuscripts edited in Hesbert's Antiphonale Missarum Sextuplex results in the identification of fifty-seven early Frankish additions to the Alleluia repertory. Tracing the evidence of these Alleluias preserved in twenty-seven Frankish manuscripts of the eighth through the early twelfth centuries allows for the division of the sample into three distinct groups
Among the first group are Frankish Alleluias of local import that appear in isolated pockets of the Empire, or those chants presenting scant, scattered, or severely limited evidence of their existence (Alleluias of Limited Distribution). The second group comprises Frankish Alleluias with universally-known verses, but with widely divergent regional melodic traditions (Regional Alleluias). Only chants of the third group are stable textually and melodically (the Carolingian Core Alleluias)
A study of melodic characteristics and liturgical assignments reveals two layers within the Core: one early layer, in place by the 790s, and a later group that entered the repertory over the course of the first half of the ninth century. The Compiegne Antiphoner, F-Pn lat. 17436, is the earliest surviving manuscript to include the Core in toto. I conclude that, rather than resulting from a single, unified reform effort, the Frankish Alleluias entered the repertory within the context of the ongoing reforms of Charlemagne, Louis the Pious, and Charles the Bald
School code: 0153
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 66-03A
Subject Music
History, Medieval
Religion, History of
Alt Author The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill