Author Shirono, Kazuko
Title Trade liberalization and development
book jacket
Descript 137 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-04, Section: A, page: 1470
Sponsor: David Weinstein
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Columbia University, 2004
This dissertation examines trade-related development issues with a particular focus on tariff liberalization. I first present new evidence on the alleged imbalance in the Uruguay Round trade agreement. Using the framework of Bagwell and Staiger (1999), I empirically examine the principle of reciprocity. The main finding is that the Uruguay Round tariff liberalization is reciprocal, and the economic significance of terms of trade losses due to the tariff reduction is quite limited. Thus developing countries did not lose significantly from their tariff cuts, and the Uruguay Round appears to have generated rather fair outcomes as far as tariff liberalization is concerned
Turning to a microeconomic issue of trade liberalization, this dissertation also investigates determinants of the cross-country variation in the import weighted average tariff, using the tax collection cost argument for import tariffs. When domestic taxes involve collection costs, import duties serve as a handy revenue-raising device, as they can be relatively easily monitored and collected at customs. The empirical analysis finds that countries that are institutionally more inefficient tend to rely more on import duties and less on domestic taxes as a way to raise revenue since domestic tax collection is more costly for such countries. Thus the evidence suggests that institutional considerations and tax collection costs are important for import tariff determination
School code: 0054
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 65-04A
Subject Economics, General
Alt Author Columbia University