作者 Colombo, Andrew Francesco
書名 Energy use and leaks in water distribution systems
國際標準書號 0612942651
book jacket
說明 220 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-10, Section: B, page: 5280
Adviser: Bryan Karney
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Toronto (Canada), 2004
Contemporary interest surrounding leaks is well documented by the proliferation of water loss assessment and leak detection models. The financial penalty caused by the loss of billable water has traditionally served as the motivation for this interest. Recently, water quality concerns such as transient intrusion have added a new dimension to the stimulus for leak related research. Despite a growing recognition of the multifarious nature of leakage, its influence on energy use, while implicitly understood, has remained predominantly in the background. This thesis introduces the notion of leaks and energy consumption within a broader planning and modelling context and endeavours to reveal the key physical relationships that govern leaks and energy costs in a system
In order to place the research in a wider context, a map or Labyrinth outlining key aspects of water distribution system design, modelling and operation and their relationship to one another is presented and explained. The term Labyrinth is employed to convey the involuted nature of the web that connects these various interrelated processes. Specific focus centres on resource scarcity and the existence of a water-energy nexus. Assessment of the physical relationships governing water loss and energy use in leaky systems is realized via the analytical investigation of single pipes and the simulation of representative networks using the steady state analysis software EPANET 2. The size and spatial distribution of leaks, demand, storage, pumping strategy and resource prices are several of the factors influencing the energy and water loss response of systems to leakage. Because leaks share certain attributes with legitimate system demand, the possibility that leakage modelling may have wider application as a surrogate or analogy for demand representation is briefly explored
As part of a comprehensive strategy to make infrastructure more efficient in the face of resource scarcity, mounting financial cost and environmental degradation, the possibility that leak repair can act as a hedge against future growth in water demand is introduced. Specifically, the connection between climate change and the possible synergistic concurrence of peak water and energy demand is considered in light of the water-energy nexus
School code: 0779
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 65-10B
主題 Engineering, Civil
0543
Alt Author University of Toronto (Canada)