Author Farley, Megan Annette
Title Outcome for adults with high-functioning autism
book jacket
Descript 154 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 70-01, Section: A, page: 0087
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of Utah, 2009
Studies have demonstrated substantial variability in adult outcome for people with autism and cognitive functioning within the average or above-average range. This study examined outcome in adulthood for a group of 40 such individuals originally identified through an epidemiological study of autism in Utah. Participants included 37 men and 3 women. Mean age at the time of their childhood cognitive assessment was 6.84 years (SD = 2.79 years, range = 3.50 to 13.42 years) and at follow-up was 32.25 years (SD = 5.58 years, range = 22.33 to 46.42 years). Outcome measures included standardized assessments of diagnostic status, cognitive ability, and adaptive behavior. Additional information collected concerned demographic variables, indicators of independence, social relationships, medical and psychiatric conditions, and social service use. Adult outcome results for this sample were better than what has been identified in previous work on individuals with similar cognitive functioning. One fourth (n = 10) obtained a very good outcome and one fourth obtained a good outcome. Thirteen participants were within the fair range of outcome status, and 7 participants achieved a poor outcome. No participants were in the very poor category outcome in adulthood. As in previous studies, there was considerable variability in measured cognitive ability over time in this sample. More than half of the sample demonstrated a change in cognitive ability of greater than 1 standard deviation. Change in cognitive ability was associated with outcome status as was adaptive functioning. Self-care abilities appeared particularly significant in determining outcome status. There was little evidence to support the prognostic utility of early childhood variables on adult outcome
School code: 0240
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 70-01A
Subject Education, Educational Psychology
Psychology, Clinical
Alt Author The University of Utah