Author Feigin, Valery L
Title Handbook of Clinical Neuroepidemiology
Imprint New York : Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated, 2007
©2007
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (700 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- HANDBOOK OF CLINICALNEUROEPIDEMIOLOGY -- HANDBOOK OF CLINICALNEUROEPIDEMIOLOGY -- LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA -- CONTENTS -- INTRODUCTION -- BASICS OF NEUROEPIDEMIOLOGY -- CHAPTER 1. FUNDAMENTAL STATISTICAL ANDEPIDEMIOLOGICAL CONCEPTS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- FUNDAMENTALS OF STATISTICS -- Sampling -- Estimation -- Types of Data, Presentation of Data -- SUMMARISING CONTINUOUS DATA -- The Mean, Median and Mode -- Measures of Variation -- Summarising Categorical Data -- Frequency Distributions -- The Normal Distribution and Sampling Distributions -- Standard Normal Distribution -- Standardising -- Statistical Inference -- Sampling Distributions -- Properties of the Sampling Distribution of the Mean -- The Central Limit Theorem -- Confidence Interval for a Mean -- Confidence Interval for a Categorical Variable -- Interpretation of Confidence Intervals -- Hypothesis Testing -- Example -- Two-sided alternative hypothesis -- Results of Hypothesis Testing -- Type I and Type II Errors -- Significance Levels -- Summary -- EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY DESIGNS -- Experimental Studies -- Parallel versus Crossover Randomized Controlled Trials -- Parallel trials can take several difference forms -- Non-Experimental (Observational) Studies -- Rates, Ratios, Numerator and Denominator -- Incidence and Prevalence -- Cohort Studies -- Cross-Sectional and Survey Studies -- Ecological Studies -- Case-Control Studies -- Case-Reports or Case-Series -- INTERPRETING EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES -- Sample Size -- Ethical Issues -- Summary -- BIAS IN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY DESIGNS -- Practical Ways to Control for Bias in Non-Experimental Studies -- Example -- Example -- Practical Ways to Control for Bias in Experimental Studies -- Mendelian Randomisation Studies -- Summary -- SOME COMMON STATISTICAL TESTS
Comparison of Means in Two Related (Paired) Samples - Paired T-Test(One-Sample T-Test) -- Examples -- Comparison of the Means of Two Independent Groups - Independent TTest(2-Sample T-Test) -- Examples -- Comparison of Categorical Data -- Comparison of Proportions from Two Independent Groups -- Chi Squared Test -- Comparison of Proportions from Two Related Groups -- Summary -- SOME MORE ADVANCED STATISTICAL TESTS -- Comparison of More Than Two Means (ANOVA) -- Assumptions of Analysis of Variance -- Transformations -- Transformations to Normalise Distributions -- Transformations to Eliminate Heterogeneity of Variance -- Non-Parametric Tests -- Summary -- CORRELATION -- Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient -- Significance Test for Correlation Coefficient -- Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient -- Summary -- REGRESSION BASED METHODS -- Linear Regression -- Multiple Linear Regression -- Multiple Correlation -- Assumptions of Multiple Linear Regression -- Checking the Assumptions -- The Relationship between Multiple Regression and ANOVA -- Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) -- Logistic Regression -- Survival Times and Cox Regression -- Displaying Survival Times -- Cox Proportional Hazards Regression -- Poisson Regression and Mixed Model Regression -- Effect Modification -- Summary -- CAUSALITY AND CRITICAL APPRAISAL -- Criteria for Causation -- Strength of Evidence for Causality -- Critical Appraisal -- Summary -- META-ANALYSIS -- Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials -- Meta-Analysis of Non-Randomised Studies -- Summary -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- RECOMMENDED FURTHER READING -- CLINICAL DISORDERS -- CHAPTER 2. CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE -- Stroke -- Transient Ischemic Attack -- RISK FACTORS -- Medical and Environmental Risk Factors -- Hereditary/Genetic Risk Factors
Stroke Prevention Strategies -- STROKE OUTCOMES -- Survival -- Functional Outcomes -- MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- RECOMMENDED FURTHER READING -- CHAPTER 3. MIGRAINE -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- CASE DEFINITION -- EPIDEMIOLOGY -- Incidence -- Prevalence -- Prevalence by Age and Gender -- Prevalence by Race and Geographic Region -- Prevalence by Socioeconomic Status -- THE IMPACT OF MIGRAINE -- Societal Impact -- Direct Costs -- Indirect Costs -- Individual Impact -- Attack Characteristics -- Health-Related Quality of Life -- Perspectives on Treatment Options and Cost Effective Intervention -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- RECOMMENDED FURTHER READING -- CHAPTER 4. EPILEPSY -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- DEFINITIONS OF SEIZURES AND EPILEPSY -- INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF EPILEPSY -- Methodological Issues -- Quality of Epidemiological Reports -- Differentiation between Epilepsy, single Seizures and acute SymptomaticSeizures -- Type of Study -- Population -- Selection Criteria -- Epidemiological Surveys in Developing Countries -- Epidemiological Indexes -- INCIDENCE OF EPILEPSY AND UNPROVOKED SEIZURES -- Incidence by Age -- Incidence by Gender -- Incidence by Etiology -- Temporal Trends -- Incidence by Seizure Type -- Incidence by Race -- Incidence of Epileptic Syndromes -- Cumulative Incidence -- Incidence by Socio-economic Status -- Incidence and Etiology of Acute Symptomatic and Isolated Seizures -- PREVALENCE OF EPILEPSY -- Prevalence by Age -- Prevalence by Gender -- Prevalence by Etiology -- Prevalence by Race -- Prevalence by Seizure Type -- Prevalence of Epileptic Syndromes -- Prevalence by Socio-economic Class -- ETIOLOGY OF EPILEPSY -- Methodological Issues -- Timing of the Seizure(s) -- Incidence and Prevalence of Acute and Remote Symptomatic Seizures andEpilepsy -- Accuracy and Validity of the Diagnostic Assessment
Genetic Epidemiology of Epilepsy -- Mechanisms of Inheritance in Epilepsy -- Acquired Causes of Epilepsy -- Prenatal and Perinatal Risk Factors -- Cerebral Palsy and Mental Retardation -- CNS Infections -- Dementia -- Cerebrovascular Disease -- Vascular Malformations -- Demyelinating Disorders -- Head Trauma -- Brain Tumors -- Neurosurgery -- Effect of Treatment in the Primary Prevention of Seizures and Epilepsy -- Incidence and Common Causes of Acute Symptomatic Seizures -- PROGNOSIS OF EPILEPSY AND EFFICACY OF TREATMENT -- Methodological Issues -- Overall Prognosis of Epilepsy -- Early Prognosis of Unprovoked Seizures and Epilepsy -- Prognosis after the first Unprovoked Seizure -- Risk Factors for Relapse of a first Unprovoked Seizure -- Treatment, Risk of Recurrence and Long-term Prognosis of a first Seizure -- Prognosis of Untreated Epilepsy -- Prognosis of newly Diagnosed Epilepsy -- Principal Prognostic Predictors -- Prognosis of Epilepsy Syndromes -- Antiepileptic Drugs and Seizure Outcome -- Prognosis of Epilepsy after Treatment Withdrawal -- Factors Predicting Seizure Relapse after Treatment Withdrawal -- Psychosocial Outcome -- MORTALITY OF EPILEPSY -- Methodological Issues -- Mortality Rate of Epilepsy -- Overall Mortality in Epilepsy -- Mortality of Epilepsy in Selected Clinical Conditions -- Mortality after a First Seizure -- Predictors of Mortality in Epilepsy -- Mortality in Epilepsy Associated to Selected Clinical Conditions -- Mortality in Developing Countries -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- RECOMMENDED FURTHER READING -- CHAPTER 5. LOW BACK PAIN -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- DEFINITION -- INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN -- NATURAL HISTORY -- RISK FACTORS -- Individual Risk Factors -- Psychosocial Risk Factors -- Occupational Risk Factors -- MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES -- MEDICAL AND SOCIOECONOMIC OUTCOMES -- CONCLUSION
REFRENCES -- RECOMMENDED FURTHER READING -- CHAPTER 6. DEMENTIA -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- DEFINITIONS -- VASCULAR CONTRIBUTION TO DEMENTIA -- RISK FACTORS -- TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AS A RISK FACTOR FORALZHEIMER'S DISEASE -- NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF TBI -- POST-MORTEM AND HISTOLOGICAL STUDIES -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- RECOMMENDED FURTHER READING -- CHAPTER 7. TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- EPIDEMIOLOGY -- Incidence and Mortality Rates -- Causation -- Exposure Risk Characteristics -- Classification of Severity -- Mechanisms of Head Injury -- Neuromechanical Aspects -- Neurochemical Aspects -- Imaging and Clinical Neuropathology -- PRIMARY HEAD INJURIES -- Focal Injuries -- Intracranial Hemorrhage -- Diffuse Injuries -- Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI) -- Secondary Head Injury -- PREHOSPITAL MANAGEMENT -- General and Neurological Examination on Admission -- Neurological Examination -- Associated Systemic Injuries -- Radiological Investigations -- Conservative Versus Surgical Treatment -- Neurosurgical Intensive Care -- Neurosurgical Treatment -- Scalp Wounds -- Fractures -- Intracranial Hematomas -- Neurointensive Care Management -- Head Position -- Neurological condition and repeated CT scan -- Oxygenation and blood pressure -- Intracranial pressure monitoring -- Cerebral Perfusion Pressure -- Mannitol -- Steroids -- Long-term Neurological Complications -- Infection -- Seizure -- Intracranial Hematomas -- Post-Concussion Syndrome -- Evidence-based Guidelines in Neurotrauma Care -- REHABILITATION -- PROGNOSIS AND OUTCOME -- PREVENTATIVE STRATEGY -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- RECOMMENDED FURTHER READING -- CHAPTER 8. PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- DEFINITIONS AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF POLYNEUROPATHIES -- Overall Incidence and Prevalence of Peripheral Neuropathy -- GENETIC NEUROPATHIES
Charcot Marie Tooth syndrome (also known as hereditary motor/sensoryneuropathies)
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Feigin, Valery L. Handbook of Clinical Neuroepidemiology New York : Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated,c2007 9781600215117
Subject Nervous system -- Diseases -- Epidemiology
Electronic books
Alt Author Bennett, Derrick A