Author Pigato, Miria
Title Promoting Enterprise-Led Innovation in China
Imprint Herndon : World Bank Publications, 2009
©2009
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (170 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Executive Summary -- Chapter 1 Pursuing a Balanced Strategy -- The 2006 S&T Program -- Purpose and Scope of This Study -- A Broad Definition of Innovation -- The Scale of Chinese Innovation -- The Achievements of Chinese Innovation -- The Contribution of Innovation to China's Current Economic Success -- The Innovation Challenges Faced by China -- Pursuing a Balanced Strategy -- Conclusions -- Chapter 2 Creating the Right Incentives -- Who Performs R&D in China? -- Making SOEs More Innovative -- Strengthening External Incentives -- Raising the Demand for Innovation -- Conclusions -- Chapter 3 Building the Capacity of Private Enterprises -- China's Emerging Private Enterprises -- Innovation Activities of Chinese Private SMEs: A Close-Up -- Effectively Managing Human Resources for Innovation -- Facilitating the Collaboration of SMEs with RDIs and HEIs -- Enhancing Innovation Services -- Conclusions -- Chapter 4 Strengthening the Ecosystem for the Venture Capital Industry -- The Ecosystem for the VC Industry -- The Domestic VC Industry in China -- Strengthening the Ecosystem for the VC Industry -- The Role of the Government in Supporting the VC Industry -- Conclusions -- Chapter 5 Moving Forward with Actions -- Balanced Strategic Thinking -- Innovation-Supporting Policies -- SME-Specific Programs -- Key Issues for Further Study -- Notes -- References -- Index -- Boxes -- 1.1 China's Cement Industry -- 1.2 India Stands to Gain More from Absorption than Creation -- 1.3 Wangxiang: Incremental Innovation in the Service of Long-Term Goals -- 2.1 China's Reform of RDIs -- 2.2 Entry Barriers Created by Industry Policies for the Dairy Industry -- 2.3 Government Procurement Practices: Hurting or Helping Innovation?
2.4 Using Government Procurement to Protect Local Production: The Case of Li Jiating of Yunnan Province -- 3.1 "Employee First, Customer Second": A Soft Slogan with Hard Value at HCL Technologies -- 3.2 A Three-Part Mission for an SME Skills Development Center -- 3.3 Building a System of Lifelong Learning in China -- 3.4 The TEFT Technology Attachés as Brokers -- 3.5 The Innovation Voucher for SMEs in the Netherlands -- 3.6 The Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) in Taiwan, China -- 3.7 Fundación Chile: A Path Breaker in Tapping Technologies and Promoting Innovations -- 3.8 The Semiconductor Industry Association -- 4.1 Recent Progress in the Reform of Company and Partnership Laws in China -- 4.2 The 2005 Amendments to China's Company Law -- Figures -- 1.1 China's R&D Expenditure, 1995-2006 -- 1.2 R&D Intensity in 2004 and Annual Average Growth Rate of R&D Intensity, 1999-2004 -- 1.3 Expenditures on R&D, Technology Import, and Technology Absorption by Chinese LMEs, 1995-2006 -- 1.4 Value Added of "High-Tech Industries" as a Percentage of China's GDP, 1995-2006 -- 1.5 Educational Attainment of China's Labor Force: A Comparison of the Mainland with Taiwan, China, 1978 and 2006 -- 2.1 Distribution of China's R&D Expenditures, by Performing Sector, 2000-06 -- 2.2 Distribution of the Full-time Equivalent (FTE) of China's R&D Personnel, by Performing Sector, 2000-06 -- 2.3 Distribution of China's R&D Effort, by Type of Performer and, for LMEs, by Type of Ownership, 2006 -- 3.1 The Takeoff of China's Private Sector, 1998-2006 -- 3.2 Size of Private Industrial Enterprises Relative to Their Competitors and Their Share in Total Output, by Sector, 2006 -- 3.3 The Occupations of Chinese Private Business Owners before They Started Their Businesses, 2005 -- 3.4 Training Expenses and Employee Resignations in Chinese Private Firms, 2004-06
4.1 Sources of Funding for Early-Stage Technology Development in the United States, 2002 -- 4.2 Sources of Funding for China's Domestic VC Firms -- 4.3 The Dual VC Structure in China -- Tables -- 1.1 Annual Increase of China's R&D Expenditure, by Performing Sector, 2001-06 -- 1.2 Structure of R&D Expenditures of Chinese LMEs, Large and Domestic, by Selected Sectors, 2006 -- 1.3 Patents Granted by Chinese Authorities to Domestically Funded Chinese Enterprises, by Type of Patent, 1995-2006 -- 2.1 R&D Expenditures and Performance of LMEs in China, by Type of Ownership, 2006 -- 2.2 Government Procurement in China, 2003-05 -- 3.1 Selected Characteristics of SMEs in Chongqing and Zhejiang that Responded to the World Bank CSMEI Survey -- 3.2 Importance of Selected Objectives of Innovation Activities of SMEs in Chongqing and Zhejiang -- 3.3 Importance of Selected Innovation Strategies of SMEs in Chongqing and Zhejiang -- 3.4 Modes of Cooperation with RDIs and HEIs by SMEs in Chongqing and Zhejiang -- 3.5 Causes of Unsuccessful Innovation Activities of SMEs in Chongqing and Zhejiang -- 3.6 Issues of HR Management in SMEs in Chongqing and Zhejiang -- 3.7 Difficulties in Managing Skilled R&D Workers, by Firm Ownership and Governance Categories -- 3.8 Average Training Expenses and Staff Turnover in Chinese Private Enterprises, 2004-06, by Sector -- 3.9 Social Insurance in Chinese Private Enterprises, 2006 -- 3.10 Experience of SMEs in Chongqing and Zhejiang with Contract Execution and Services of RDIs and HEIs -- 3.11 Role of Enterprises in S&T and R&D Projects of RDIs in China, 2006 -- 3.12 Experience of Chongqing and Zhejiang SMEs with Innovation Services, 2006 -- 3.13 Comparison of SMEs in Chongqing and Zhejiang regarding Innovation Activities: A Summary -- 4.1 Basic Framework for Types of Financing Used at Selected Stages of Innovation
4.2 Number of New VC Firms Started in China, and Amount of Capitalization, by Domestic and Foreign Origin, 2007 -- 4.3 Investments in China Made by VC Funds, by Domestic and Foreign Origin, 2007 -- 4.4 Characteristics of VC in China, 2003-07 -- 4.5 VC Investments in China, by Stage of Business Development, 2007 -- 4.6 Number of VC Divestments in China, by Method, 2006-07
China and India's spectacular economic rise over the last two decades has accelerated their trade and investment flows with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), particularly with the oil-producing countries. And while these flows are still small, China and India's presence in the region is on the rise. This report focuses on the following questions:what have been evolution and the impact of MENA's trade and investment relations with China and India? what actions can be taken to maximize the benefits from these relations and to enhance MENA's international integration? The main findings indicate that the region as a whole has benefited from the rise of China and India in terms of better terms of trade, significant increases in oil and gas exports, and cheaper imports. However, producers of industrial goods have been negatively-and in a few cases severely-affected by competition with the two Asian countries in both third and domestic markets. While China and India are investing more in MENA, they are contributing very little to job creation or to the transfer and diffusion of technology. Faster growth in the two Asian countries-and the associated higher demand for energy-will increase revenues from oil and the difficult choices associated with their management. For the labor-abundant, non oil-producing countries, competition with China and India will increase. But the lack of competitive manufacturing industries and services, the insufficient attention given in the past to building technological capabilities and promoting openness and entrepreneurship are constraining their ability to respond to competition. They need to accelerate productivity to tackle unemployment, especially among youth. This may require the broader institutional changes seen in China and India-suggesting the importance of a pragmatic reform agenda that can accelerate
productivity, trade, and investment in the region
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Pigato, Miria Promoting Enterprise-Led Innovation in China Herndon : World Bank Publications,c2009 9780821377536
Subject Technological innovations -- Economic aspects -- China.;Technology transfer -- China
Electronic books
Alt Author Zhihua Zeng, Douglas
Mako, William Peter
Seward, James