作者 Dube, Laurette
書名 Obesity Prevention : The Role of Brain and Society on Individual Behavior
出版項 San Diego : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2010
©2010
國際標準書號 9780080922096 (electronic bk.)
9780123743879
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (832 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Front Cover -- Obesity Prevention: The Role of Brain and Society on Individual Behavior -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- List of contributors -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction: On the Brain-to-Society Model of Motivated Choice and the Whole-of-Society Approach to Obesity Prevention -- Part 1. FROM BRAIN TO BEHAVIOR -- A. Energy is Delight: Sensory and Reward Systems -- Chapter 1 The Pleasures and Pains of Brain Regulatory Systems for Eating -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Satiety Agents versus Aversion-Inducing Agents -- 1.3 Various Methodologies to Evaluate Affective Change in Pre-Clinical Appetite Research -- 1.4 Conditioned Taste Aversions - From Animal Models to Human Brain Analysis? -- 1.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 2 The Neurobiology of Appetite: Hunger as Addiction -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Hunger as Addiction -- 2.3 Response to Conditioned Cues -- 2.4 Functional Brain Imaging of Cue Reactivity -- 2.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3 Opioids: Culprits for Overconsumption of Palatable Foods? -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Opioids and Feeding Behavior in Rodent Models -- 3.3 Opioids and Dysregulation of Eating Patterns and Body Weight in Human Beings -- 3.4 Conclusions and Perspectives -- References -- Chapter 4 Taste, Olfactory and Food-texture Processing in the Brain and the Control of Appetite -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Taste-Processing in the Primate Brain -- 4.3 The Representation of Flavor: Convergence of Olfactory, Taste and Visual Inputs in the Orbitofrontal Cortex -- 4.4 The Texture of Food, Including Fat Texture -- 4.5 Imaging Studies in Humans -- 4.6 Cognitive Effects on Representations of Food -- 4.7 Synthesis -- 4.8 Implications for Understanding, Preventing, and Treating Obesity -- 4.9 Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter 5 Cortical and Limbic Activation in Response to Low- and High-calorie Food
5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Brain Responses to Food Stimuli in Healthy Adults -- 5.3 Modulating Factors -- 5.4 Cortical and Limbic Activation to Food Images During Adolescent Development -- 5.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 6 Reward-related Neuroadaptations Induced by Food Restriction: Pathogenic Potential of a Survival Mechanism -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Food Restriction may Augment Neurobiological Responses to Palatable Food in a Way that Promotes Addictive Behavior -- 6.3 Food Restriction Enhances CNS and Behavioral Responses to Drugs of Abuse and Dopamine Receptor Agonists -- 6.4 Food Restriction Up-regulates D1 Dopamine Receptor-Mediated Phosphorylation of Ionotropic Glutamate Receptors and Signaling Proteins that Underlie Synaptic Plasticity -- 6.5 Striatal Neuroadaptations Induced by Food Restriction may be Secondary to Changes in Pre-synaptic Dopamine Neuronal Function -- 6.6 A Schema to Consider as Research Continues -- References -- B. Executive Control Systems and the Challenges They Face in the Modern World of Plenty -- Chapter 7 The Neuroeconomics of Food Selection and Purchase -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Positive Valuations -- 7.3 Influences on Positive Valuations -- 7.4 Negative Valuations -- 7.5 Influences on Negative Valuations -- 7.6 Selection -- 7.7 Habits -- 7.8 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 8 Resisting Temptation: Impulse Control and Trade-offs between Immediate Rewards and Long-term Consequences -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 A Neural System for Decision-Making and Will-power: The Somatic Marker Hypothesis -- 8.3 Empirical Evidence for Deficits of Decision-making Underlying Obesity -- 8.4 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 9 Hunger, Satiety, and Food Preferences: Effects of the Brain and the Body on the Self-Control of Eating -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 The Components of Self-control
9.3 Physiological Influences on Self-control -- 9.4 Promoting Self-control for a Healthy Body Weight -- 9.5 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 10 Associative Learning and the Control of Food Intake -- 10.1 A Behavioral Reporting of Eating -- 10.2 Eating is a Learned Behavior -- 10.3 Forms of Learned Ingestive Response -- 10.4 Sensory-specific Anticipatory Eating -- 10.5 Diurnal Rhythms and the Learned Response -- 10.6 Nutrients and Cognition -- 10.7 Dietary Fats and Learning -- 10.8 Our Primitive Brain -- References -- Chapter 11 Restrained Eating in a World of Plenty -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 The Effects of Having Food Cues Present -- 11.3 Response to Food Cues in Restrained and Unrestrained Eaters -- 11.4 Food Photographs and/or Words - Indirect Food Cues -- 11.5 Portion Size as Food Cue -- 11.6 The Removal of Food Cues -- 11.7 Caloric Restriction in Animals and Humans -- 11.8 Is CR Likely to be Effective for Humans? -- 11.9 Caloric Restriction in the Presence of Food Cues -- 11.10 Dieting in a World of Food Cues -- References -- C. Biological Systems that Favor a Positive Energy Balance and Body-weight Increase in a World of Plenty -- Chapter 12 The Genetic Determinants of Ingestive Behavior: Sensory, Energy Homeostasis and Food Reward Aspects of Ingestive Behavior -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Sensory Determinants of Food Intake -- 12.3 Energy Homeostasis Pathways and Food Intake -- 12.4 Reward Circuits and Food Intake -- 12.5 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 13 Development of Human Learned Flavor Likes and Dislikes -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Understanding Flavor Perception -- 13.3 Why Innate Flavor-liking is Rare -- 13.4 Flavor-preference Learning -- 13.5 Different Learning Mechanisms Interact to Enhance Flavor-liking -- 13.6 Liking and Intake: The Role of Palatability in Overeating -- 13.7 Acquired Liking as a Driver of Overeating
13.8 Individual Differences in Learning -- 13.9 Summary -- References -- Chapter 14 Biopsychological Factors and Body-weight Stability -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Is Knowledge-based Work a Potential Determinant of the Current Obesity Epidemic? -- 14.3 Is Short Sleep Duration a Potential Determinant of the Current Obesity Epidemic? -- 14.4 Weight Loss: Not Always Beneficial for the Psychological Health -- 14.5 Physical Activity and Diet: What is the Impact on Body-weight Stability? -- 14.6 Conclusion and Perspectives -- References -- Chapter 15 Nutrition, Epigenomics and the Development of Obesity: How the Genome Learns from Experience -- 15.1 The Basics of Epigenetics and Epigenomics -- 15.2 Epigenetic Marks During Development and Aging -- 15.3 Nutritional Epigenomics -- 15.4 Epigenetics and Brain Function -- 15.5 An Epigenetic Basis for Developmental Programming of Obesity? -- 15.6 Physical Activity, Epigenetic Markings and Obesity -- 15.7 Concluding Comments -- References -- Chapter 16 The Role of Early Life Experiences in Flavor Perception and Delight -- 16.1 Introduction -- 16.2 Flavor and the Ontogeny of the Senses -- 16.3 Taste and Development -- 16.4 Learning about Food Flavors -- 16.5 Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter 17 Implications of the Glycemic Index in Obesity -- 17.1 Introduction -- 17.2 The concept of the Glycemic Index -- 17.3 Mechanisms of Action -- 17.4 Effects of low GI Foods on Appetite, Food Intake and Satiety -- 17.5 GI and Obesity -- 17.6 GI and Diabetes -- 17.7 GI and Cardiovascular Disease -- 17.8 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 18 Characterizing the Homeostatic and Hedonic Markers of the Susceptible Phenotype -- 18.1 The Approach -- 18.2 Susceptible and Resistant Phenotypes -- 18.3 What Would a Susceptible Phenotype Look Like? -- 18.4 What Level of Analysis is Appropriate?
18.5 Appetite is Not Rocket Science - It is More Complicated -- 18.6 Diversity, Susceptibility and Homeostasis -- 18.7 Hedonics: The Importance of Liking and Wanting -- 18.8 Comparing Susceptible and Resistant Phenotypes -- 18.9 Resistance to Weight Loss - The Other Side of Susceptibility -- 18.10 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 19 The Carnivore Connection: Cross-population Differences in the Prevalence of Genes Producing Insulin Resistance -- 19.1 Background -- 19.2 The Evolution of Insulin Resistance -- 19.3 Determinants of Insulin Resistance -- 19.4 Candidate Genes and Cross-population Genetic Differences -- 19.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 20 Neuroanatomical Correlates of Hunger and Satiaty in Lean and Obese Individuals -- 20.1 Physiology of Hunger and Satiety in Human Eating Behavior -- 20.2 Functional Neuroimaging Evidence -- References -- Chapter 21 Neuroendocrine Stress Response and Its Impact on Eating Behavior and Body Weight -- 21.1 Introduction -- 21.2 Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal Axis -- 21.3 Stress and Food Intake: It is Not all Homeostatic or Automatic -- 21.4 Imaging Studies in Humans -- 21.5 Peripheral Signals Regulating Energy Balance -- 21.6 Conclusion -- References -- D. Integrative and Multi-level Models of Eating and of Energy and Body-weight Regulation -- Chapter 22 Eating Behavior and its Determinants: From Gene to Environment -- 22.1 Introduction -- 22.2 Genes -- 22.3 The Environment -- 22.4 Genes - Environment Interactions -- 22.5 A General Model of Intake Regulation -- 22.6 Discussion -- References -- Chapter 23 The Molecular Regulation of Body Weight: The Role of Leptin, Ghrelin and Hypocretin -- 23.1 Introduction -- 23.2 Leptin, Ghrelin and Hypocretin -- 23.3 Leptin Protein -- 23.4 Ghrelin Protein -- 23.5 Hypocretin Protein -- 23.6 Concluding Remarks -- References
Chapter 24 Energy Balance Regulation: Complex Interplay between the Autonomic and Cognitive/Limbic Brains to Control Food Intake and Thermogenesis
Over the years, approaches to obesity prevention and treatment have gone from focusing on genetic and other biological factors to exploring a diversity of diets and individual behavior modification interventions anchored primarily in the power of the mind, to the recent shift focusing on societal interventions to design "temptation-proof" physical, social, and economic environments. In spite of repeated calls to action, including those of the World Health Organization (WHO), the pandemic continues to progress. WHO recently projected that if the current lifestyle trend in young and adult populations around the world persist, by 2012 in countries like the USA, health care costs may amount to as much as 17.7% of the GDP. Most importantly, in large part due to the problems of obesity, those children may be the first generation ever to have a shorter life expectancy than that of their parents. This work presents the most current research and proposals for addressing the pandemic. Past studies have focused primarly on either genetic or behavioral causes for obesity, however today's research indicates that a strongly integrated program is the best prospect for success in overcoming obesity. Furthermore, focus on the role of society in establishing an affordable, accessible and sustainable program for implementing these lifestyle changes is vital, particularly for those in economically challenged situations, who are ultimately at the highest risk for obesity. Using studies from both neuroscience and behavioral science to present a comprehensive overview of the challenges and possible solutions, The brain-to-society approach to obesity prevention focuses on what is needed in order to sustain a healthy, pleasurable and affordable lifestyle. * Explores the "brain-to-society" approach to obesity prevention, focusing on an integrative approach to addressing
the obesity pandemic * Presents both the nueroscientific and the behavioral factors that impact eating habits * Identifies the challenges and suggests solutions for altering attitudes toward food on both an individual and a societal level
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Dube, Laurette Obesity Prevention : The Role of Brain and Society on Individual Behavior San Diego : Elsevier Science & Technology,c2010 9780123743879
主題 Obesity -- Prevention.;Nutrition
Electronic books
Alt Author Drewnowski, Adam
James, Philip
LeBel, Jordan
Yada, Rickey Y
Bechara, Antoine
Dagher, Alain
Yada, Rickey Y