Author Hewson, John
Title Cognitive System of the French Verb
Imprint Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1997
©1997
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (199 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Current Issues in Linguistic Theory
Current Issues in Linguistic Theory
Note THE COGNITIVE SYSTEM OF THE FRENCH VERB -- Editorial page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Dedication -- PREFACE -- Table of contents -- CHAPTER ONE. THE NATURE OF CONTENT SYSTEMS -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Origin of the idea -- 1.2 System in phonology -- 1.3 System and grammatical structure -- 1.4 System in language -- 1.5 Tongue and discourse -- 1.6 Systems and rules -- 1.7 Content systems and referential meaning -- 1.8 Prior studies with Guillaumian influence -- 1.9 Conclusion -- CHAPTER TWO. VERBAL PARADIGMS AND THEIR CONTENT -- 2. Introduction -- 2.1 The paradigm of tense -- 2.1.1 Incidence and decadence -- 2.1.2 Time spheres -- 2.1.3 The problem of the threshold -- 2.2 Mood -- 2.2.1 The subjunctive -- 2.2.2 Infinitive and participles -- 2.3 Aspect -- 2.3.1 The modal auxiliaries -- 2.3.2 The grammatical auxiliaries -- 2.4 Voice -- 2.5 The verbal paradigms of French -- CHAPTER THREE. CHRONOGENESIS -- 3. Introduction -- 3.1 Three morphosyntactic types -- 3.1.1 Three chronogenetic stages -- 3.2 Stage I: the quasi-nominal mood -- 3.2.1 A simpler view of the quasi-nominal forms -- 3.2.2 Functions of the quasi-nominal forms -- 3.3 Stage II: the subjunctive mood -- 3.4 Stage III: the indicative mood -- 3.5 Conclusion -- CHAPTER FOUR. ASPECT -- 4. Introduction -- 4.1 Distinguishing tense from aspect -- 4.1.1 The surcomposé in student grammars -- 4.1.2 The mechanism underlying the French aspectual contrast -- 4.1.3 Simple forms -- 4.1.4 Compound forms -- 4.1.5 Double compound forms -- 4.1.6 Usage of French aspectual forms -- 4.1.7 Modern use of the composé as a preterit -- 4.1.8 Expressing anteriority -- 4.2 Sequence of tenses in English -- 4.3 Use of the surcomposé in main clauses -- 4.4 Conclusion -- CHAPTER FIVE. VOICE -- 5. Introduction -- 5.1 The grammatical representation of agent and patient -- 5.2 Passive voice in French
5.2.1 The role of the subject -- 5.3 The pronominal verbs -- 5.4 The verbs of resultant state -- 5.4.1 Resultative verbs as a morphosyntactic category -- 5.4.2 Change of auxiliary with transitive verbs -- 5.5 Middle voice -- 5.5.1 Morphosyntax of middle voice -- 5.5.2 Agentive and patientive senses of middle voice -- 5.5.3 Reflexive and reciprocal senses of middle voice -- 5.5.4 Middle voice with pure intransitives -- 5.6 The contrast of active and middle with inanimate subjects -- 5.7 Conclusion -- CHAPTER SIX. TENSE -- 6. Introduction: tense and aspect -- 6.1 Defining tense and aspect in cognitive terms -- 6.2 Tense in cognitive terms -- 6.3 Tense and the experience of time -- 6.4 The parameters of tense in French -- 6.4.1 The verticality of the present in French -- 6.4.2 The breadth of the French present -- 6.5 Past tenses -- 6.5.1 Imperfect and passé simple: tenses or aspects? -- 6.5.2 The imperfect -- 6.5.2.1 Imperfects of Type 1 -- 6.5.2.2 Imperfects of Type 2 -- 6.5.2.3 Imperfects of Type 3 -- 6.6 Future and conditional -- 6.6.1 The future in the past -- 6.6.2 Conditional clauses -- 6.6.3 The conditional of probability -- 6.7 Conclusion -- CHAPTER SEVEN. MOOD -- 7. Introduction -- 7.1 A simple cognitive contrast -- 7.2 The subjunctive as a position in a system -- 7.2.1 Quasi-nominal mood -- 7.2.2 Subjunctive mood -- 7.2.3 Indicative mood -- 7.3 The indicative/subjunctive contrast -- 7.3.1 Possible vs. probable -- 7.3.2 Affirmative vs. negative -- 7.3.3 Relative clauses -- 7.3.4 Conjunctions -- 7.3.4.1 The subjunctive with après que -- 7.3.5 Value judgements -- 7.3.6 Variable usage -- 7.4 Facing the problems of subjunctive usage -- 7.5 Conclusion -- CHAPTER EIGHT. PRESENT AND PRESENT PERFECT -- 8. Introduction -- 8.1 Concrete cognitive activity -- 8.2 The nature of a threshold -- 8.3 Cognitive contrasts, lexical and grammatical
8.3.1 Contrastive usage: past versus present -- 8.3.2 Contrastive usage: present perfect versus present -- 8.3.3 Contrastive usage: the first time -- 8.3.4 Contrastive usage: immediate physical realizations -- 8.3.5 Contrastive usage: passé composé versus preterit -- 8.4 Conclusion -- PART TWO. THE EXPRESSION SYSTEM -- CHAPTER NINE. SEMIOLOGY, THE SYSTEM OF SIGNS -- 9. Introduction -- 9.1 The arbitrary nature of the sign -- 9.2 Arbitrariness and the law of coherence -- 9.3 Allomorphs of aller -- 9.4 The 'Verbes de puissance' -- 9.5 The morphology of the imperative -- 9.6 Conclusion -- CHAPTER TEN. VERBAL PARADIGMS -- 10. Introduction: Regular and irregular verbs -- 10.1 Verbal paradigms of French -- 10.2 Derivational verb suffixes of Latin -- 10.3 The French suffix/-i(s)-/ -- 10.4 The axial consonant -- 10.5 Other correspondences in the paradigms -- 10.6 The forms of the Latin perfect -- 10.7 The past participle -- 10.8 Conclusion -- BIBLIOGRAPHY OF WORKS REFERRED TO OR CONSULTED -- GENERAL iNDEX -- LIST OF FRENCH VERB FORMS
This study is based on the writings and teaching of Gustave Guillaume (1883-1960), one of the earliest proponents of what is today called Cognitive Linguistics. It offers (1) a much needed presentation in English of Guillaume's view of the French system, (2) the clarifications added by his successors, and (3) much empirical detail added by the author from his own extensive experience with the material.The word system in this work, as explained in the very first chapter, is intended in the Saussurian sense of a closed set of contrasts. The method is first briefly applied to English, in order to familiarize the reader with the methodological concepts and terminology, and comparisons are made with the general outline of the French system.The major sub-systems of the French verb are analysed in the four central chapters (4-7) entitled Aspect, Voice, Tense, Mood, followed by a chapter on systemic comparison, and two final chapters of detailed analysis of the verbal morphology and its relevance to the cognitive system
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Hewson, John Cognitive System of the French Verb Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c1997 9789027236517
Subject French language -- Verb.;Cognitive grammar
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