Author Schneider, Edgar W
Title Focus on the USA
Imprint Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1996
©1996
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (374 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Varieties of English Around the World ; v.16
Varieties of English Around the World
Note FOCUS ON THE USA -- Editorial page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Table of contents -- INTRODUCTION: RESEARCHTRENDSIN THE STUDY OF AMERICAN ENGLISH -- References -- PINEY WOODS SOUTHERN -- References -- FOUNDATIONS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Probability mapping -- 3. Lexical variation in colonial cities -- 4. Conclusion -- References -- THE COMPARABILITY OF LINGUISTIC ATLAS RECORDS: THE CASE OF LANCS AND LAGS -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Method -- 3. Lexical results -- 4. Phonological results -- 5. Conclusion -- References -- TERMSUSED FOR CHILDREN'S GAMES: COMPARING DARE'S FINDINGS WITH USAGE OF TODAY'S YOUTH -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Methodology -- 3. Findings -- 4. Summary and reasons for change -- THE DIALECTS OF THE MIDDLE WEST -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Northern, Midland, North Midland, South Midland -- 3. Pronunciation: Sociolinguistic methods in a geographical context -- 4. Foreign language influences -- References -- DIALECT CHANGE AND MAINTENANCE IN A POST-INSULAR ISLAND COMMUNITY -- 1. Introduction -- 2. An ethnographic perspective on dialect study -- 3. The Ocracoke "Brogue" and other American English dialects -- 4. The case of Ocracoke /ay/: Phonetic and phonological issues -- 5. Phonetic implausibility vs. social significance -- 6. Weren't regularization -- 7. Applying the principle of linguistic gratuity in Ocracoke -- References -- A COMPARISON OF VARIATION PATTERNS OF VARIABLES AMONG SIXTH-GRADERS IN AN OHIO COMMUNITY -- 1. Influences on dialectal change -- 1.1. The survey -- 1.2. The community -- 2. Methods -- 2.1. Interviewing -- 2.2. Measurement of linguistic variables -- 2.3. Independent variables -- 2.4. Measurement of correlation -- 3. Analyses of the linguistic variables -- 3.1. /o/ -- 3.2. /æ/ -- 3.3. /ai/ -- 3.4. Upgliding in dog and similar words -- 3.5. The merger of pre-nasal /I/ and /ul/
3.6. Mergers involving /ol/, /ull/, and /ul/ -- 3.7. Don't and home -- 3.8. Roof -- 3.9. Hostile -- 3.10. Lightning bug -- 3.11. Teeter-totter -- 4. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Appendix -- References -- PERCEPTIONS WITHIN A VARIABLE PARADIGM: BLACK AND WHITE RACIAL DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATIONBASED ON SPEECH* -- 1.Introduction -- 2. Theoretical foundations -- 3. Procedures -- 3.1. Speech selection -- 3.2. The Linguistic Sensitivity Test -- 3.3. Data specification -- 4. Results -- 4.1. Possible interpretations -- 4.2. Native evaluations and second language evaluations -- 4.3 Native judges ' evaluations based on social background -- 5. Implications for research on housing discrimination -- 6. Conclusion -- References -- SEX-BASED DIFFERENCES IN LANGUAGE CHOICE IN AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN NEIGHBORHOOD IN DETROIT -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The inner city area study -- 3. Theoretical considerations -- 4. The Vernacular Language Project (VLP) -- 5. Language and gender -- 6. Language and gender in the 60+ age group -- References -- THE ENGLISH COMPETENCE OF CUBAN EXILES: THE CASE OF NOUN PLURALIZATION -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Informant selection and data gathering -- 3. Data analysis -- 4. Results and discussion -- 5. Conclusions -- References -- WHAT WAS VERBAL -S IN 19TH-CENTURY AFRICAN AMERICAN ENGLISH? -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Evidence for language contact from written documents -- 3. Verbal -s marking -- 4. Discussion -- 5. Conclusions -- References -- THE DEVELOPMENT OF AMERICAN ENGLISHES:SOME QUESTIONS FROM A CREOLE GENESIS PERSPECTIVE -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Why are WAVEs not creoles? -- 3. The genesis of AAE -- 3.1. A critique of the literature -- 3.2. What history suggests: A competition-of-feature hypothesis -- 4. The development of WAVEs: A creole perspective -- 5. Conclusions -- References
HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY DISTRIBUTION OF DOUBLE MODALS IN ENGLISH -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The distribution of double modals in contemporary AmericanEnglish -- 3. Atlantic Creole sources -- 4. British English sources -- 5. U.S. settlement history -- 6. Spontaneous generation in the south -- 7. Historical grammatical sources -- 8. Summary -- References -- AMERICAN COLLEGE SLANG -- References -- WHERE THE WORST ENGLISH IS SPOKEN -- 1. Quantitative studies -- 1.1 Hand-drawn maps -- 1.2. Correct and pleasant -- 1.3. Degree of difference -- 1.4. Placement of regional voices -- 1.5. Summary of quantitative research -- 2. Conversational evidence -- References -- Addresses of authors -- SUBJECT INDEX
This volume presents fifteen original research papers by renowned specialists in their respective fields. A variety of research traditions are included, such as dialect geography and sociolinguistics, but also smaller sub-fields such as the study of slang and perceptual dialectology. Varieties studied include the South, the Eastern Seaboard, the Middle West, African American English, Cuban English, and others. A growing sense of unity in the discipline is reflected by recurring topics and methods across earlier boundaries between sub-disciplines. For instance, computerized data and statistical analyses are standard tools nowadays, and a few papers explicitly address the possibilities and limitations of these methods. The study of variation and change of linguistic varieties has largely replaced earlier, monolithic notions of dialect, and the question of change in dialects, the erosion of traditional speech forms under the impact of modern communication patterns and socio-economic developments, is investigated in several contributions. In general, a recent orientation towards the history and development of nonstandard varieties is reflected in the book - several papers study diffusion patterns of linguistic forms, or discuss the emergence of individual dialects or dialectal forms in a language contact framework. Altogether, the papers provide a lively illustration of and a fairly representative selection from ongoing high-quality linguistic research into American English
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Schneider, Edgar W. Focus on the USA Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c1996 9789027248749
Subject English language -- United States.;English language -- Social aspects -- United States.;English language -- Variation -- United States.;Americanisms
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