作者 Zhang, Limin
書名 Dam Failure Mechanisms and Risk Assessment
出版項 New York : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2016
©2016
國際標準書號 9781118558539 (electronic bk.)
9781118558515
book jacket
版本 1st ed
說明 1 online resource (499 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Intro -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Foreword -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- About the Authors -- PART I Dam and Dike Failure Databases -- Chapter 1 Dams and Their Components -- 1.1 Classification of Dams -- 1.2 Constructed Embankment Dams -- 1.3 Landslide Dams -- 1.4 Concrete Gravity Dams -- 1.5 Concrete Arch Dams -- 1.6 Dikes -- Chapter 2 Statistical Analysis of Failures of Constructed Embankment Dams -- 2.1 Database of Failures of Constructed Embankment Dams -- 2.2 Failure Modes and Processes -- 2.2.1 Overtopping -- 2.2.2 Internal Erosion -- 2.3 Common Causes of Embankment Dam Failures -- 2.4 Failure of Different Types of Embankment Dams -- 2.4.1 Analysis of Homogeneous and Composite Earthfill Dams -- 2.4.2 Analysis of Earthfill Dams with Corewalls -- Chapter 3 Statistical Analysis of Failures of Landslide Dams -- 3.1 Database of Failures of Landslide Dams -- 3.1.1 Locations of Landslide Dams -- 3.1.2 Formation Times of Landslide Dams -- 3.1.3 Triggers of Landslide Dams -- 3.1.4 Types of Landslide -- 3.1.5 Dam Heights and Lake Volumes -- 3.2 Stability, Longevity, and Failure Modes of Landslide Dams -- 3.2.1 Stability of Landslide Dams -- 3.2.2 Longevity of Landslide Dams -- 3.2.3 Failure Modes -- 3.3 Mitigation Measures for Landslide Dams -- 3.3.1 Stages of Landslide Dam Risk Mitigation -- 3.3.2 Engineering Mitigation Measures for Landslide Dams -- 3.3.3 Engineering Measures for the Landslide Dams Induced by the Wenchuan Earthquake -- 3.3.4 Mitigation Measures for the Tangjiashan Landslide Dam -- Chapter 4 Statistical Analysis of Failures of Concrete Dams -- 4.1 Database of Failures of Concrete Dams -- 4.2 Failure Modes and Processes -- 4.3 Common Causes of Concrete Dam Failures -- Chapter 5 Statistical Analysis of Failures of Dikes -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Database of Dike Breaching Cases
5.3 Evaluation of Dike Failure Mechanisms -- 5.3.1 Most Relevant Failure Mechanisms -- 5.3.2 Statistics of Observed Failure Mechanisms -- PART II Dam Failure Mechanisms and Breaching Process Modeling -- Chapter 6 Internal Erosion in Dams and Their Foundations -- 6.1 Concepts of Internal Erosion -- 6.2 Mechanisms of Initiation of Internal Erosion -- 6.2.1 Concentrated Leak Erosion -- 6.2.2 Backward Erosion -- 6.2.3 Contact Erosion -- 6.2.4 Suffusion -- 6.3 Initiation of Concentrated Leak Erosion Through Cracks -- 6.3.1 Causes of Concentrated Leak -- 6.3.2 Need for Studying Soil Erodibility for Concentrated Leak Erosion -- 6.3.3 Laboratory Tests on Concentrated Leak Erosion -- 6.3.4 Factors Affecting Concentrated Leak Erosion -- 6.3.5 Soil Dispersivity -- 6.4 Initiation of Backward Erosion -- 6.4.1 Susceptibility of a Dam or Dike to Backward Erosion -- 6.4.2 Methods for Assessing Backward Erosion -- 6.4.3 Formation of a Pipe due to Backward Erosion -- 6.5 Initiation of Contact Erosion -- 6.5.1 Fundamental Aspects of Contact Erosion Process -- 6.5.2 Laboratory Investigation on Contact Erosion -- 6.5.3 Threshold of Contact Erosion -- 6.6 Initiation of Suffusion -- 6.6.1 Control Parameters for Likelihood of Suffusion -- 6.6.2 Laboratory Testing of Suffusion -- 6.6.3 Geometrical Criteria for Internal Stability of Soils -- 6.6.4 Critical Hydraulic Gradients for Suffusion -- 6.7 Filter Criteria -- 6.7.1 Functions of Filter -- 6.7.2 Filter Criteria -- 6.8 Continuation of Internal Erosion -- 6.9 Progression of Internal Erosion -- 6.10 Suggested Topics for Further Research -- Chapter 7 Mechanics of Overtopping Erosion of Dams -- 7.1 Mechanics of Surface Erosion -- 7.1.1 Incipient Motion of Sediment -- 7.1.2 Sediment Transport -- 7.2 Determination of Erodibility of Soils -- 7.2.1 Critical Erosive Shear Stress -- 7.2.2 Coefficient of Erodibility
7.2.3 Laboratory Tests -- 7.2.4 Field Tests -- 7.2.5 Classification of Soil Erodibility -- 7.3 Characteristics of Overtopping Erosion Failure of Dams -- 7.3.1 Homogeneous Embankment Dams with Cohesionless Materials -- 7.3.2 Homogeneous Embankment Dams with Cohesive Materials -- 7.3.3 Composite Embankment Dams -- 7.4 Suggested Topics for Further Research -- Chapter 8 Dam Breach Modeling -- 8.1 Methods for Dam Breach Modeling -- 8.2 Dam Breaching Data -- 8.2.1 Embankment Dam Breaching Data -- 8.2.2 Landslide Dam Breaching Data -- 8.2.3 Dike Breaching Data -- 8.3 Empirical Analysis Methods -- 8.3.1 Multivariable Regression -- 8.3.2 Empirical Breaching Parameters for Constructed Embankment Dams -- 8.3.3 Empirical Breaching Parameters for Landslide Dams -- 8.3.4 Empirical Breaching Parameters for Dikes -- 8.3.5 Comparison of Breaching Parameters for Landslide Dams and Constructed Embankment Dams -- 8.4 Numerical Simulation of Overtopping Erosion -- 8.4.1 Simplified Physically Based Methods -- 8.4.2 Detailed Physically Based Methods -- 8.4.3 Case Studies -- 8.5 Numerical Simulation of Internal Erosion -- 8.5.1 Continuum Methods -- 8.5.2 Particle Level Analysis -- 8.5.3 Case Studies -- Chapter 9 Analysis of Dam Breaching Flood Routing -- 9.1 River Hydraulics -- 9.1.1 One-dimensional Models -- 9.1.2 Two-dimensional Models -- 9.2 Numerical Models for Flood Routing Analysis -- 9.2.1 One-dimensional Numerical Models -- 9.2.2 Two-dimensional Numerical Models -- 9.2.3 Coupling of 1D/2D Numerical Models -- 9.3 Example - Tangjiashan Landslide Dam Failure -- 9.3.1 Geometric Information -- 9.3.2 Dam Breaching Simulation -- 9.3.3 Boundary and Initial Conditions -- 9.3.4 Flood Routing Analysis and Results -- PART III Dam Failure Risk Assessment and Management -- Chapter 10 Analysis of Probability of Failure of Dams -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Analysis Methods
10.2.1 Failure Modes and Effects Analysis -- 10.2.2 Event Tree -- 10.2.3 Fault Tree -- 10.2.4 First-order Reliability Method/First-order Second-moment Method -- 10.2.5 Monte Carlo Simulation -- 10.2.6 Bayesian Networks -- 10.3 Examples of Probabilistic Analysis of Dam Failure -- 10.3.1 Probabilistic Analysis of Chinese Dam Distresses -- 10.3.2 Probabilistic Analysis of the Chenbihe Dam Distresses Using Bayesian Networks -- Chapter 11 Vulnerability to Dam Breaching Floods -- 11.1 Concepts of Vulnerability -- 11.2 Human Vulnerability to Dam Breaching Floods -- 11.2.1 Human Stability in Flood -- 11.2.2 Influence Factors -- 11.2.3 Methods for Evaluating Human Vulnerability Factor in a Flood -- 11.2.4 Database of Fatalities in Dam/Dike Breaching or Other Floods -- 11.3 Bayesian Network Analysis of Human Vulnerability to Floods -- 11.3.1 Bayesian Networks -- 11.3.2 Building the Bayesian Network for Human Vulnerability -- 11.3.3 Quantifying the Networks -- 11.3.4 Validation of the Model -- 11.4 Damage to Buildings and Infrastructures -- 11.4.1 Flood Action on Buildings -- 11.4.2 Models for Building Damage Evaluation -- 11.4.3 Relationship between Building Damage and Loss of Life -- 11.5 Suggested Topics for Further Research -- Chapter 12 Dam Failure Risk Assessment -- 12.1 Risk and Risk Assessment -- 12.1.1 Definition of Risk -- 12.1.2 Risk Management -- 12.2 Dam Failure Risk Analysis -- 12.2.1 Scope Definition -- 12.2.2 Hazards Identification -- 12.2.3 Identification of Failure Modes -- 12.2.4 Estimation of Failure Probability -- 12.2.5 Evaluation of Elements at Risk -- 12.2.6 Vulnerability Evaluation -- 12.2.7 Risk Estimation -- 12.3 Risk Assessment -- 12.3.1 Risk Tolerance Criteria -- 12.3.2 ALARP Considerations -- 12.4 Suggested Topics for Further Research -- Chapter 13 Dam Failure Contingency Risk Management
13.1 Process of Contingency Risk Management -- 13.1.1 Observation and Prediction -- 13.1.2 Decision-making -- 13.1.3 Warning -- 13.1.4 Response -- 13.1.5 Evacuation -- 13.2 Decision-making Under Uncertainty -- 13.2.1 Decision Tree -- 13.2.2 Multi-phase Decision -- 13.2.3 Influence Diagrams -- 13.3 Dynamic Decision-Making -- 13.3.1 Dam Failure Emergency Management -- 13.3.2 Dynamic Decision-making Framework -- 13.3.3 Time Series Models for Estimating Dam Failure Probability -- 13.3.4 Evaluation of the Consequences of Dam Failures -- 13.3.5 Features of DYDEM -- 13.4 Suggested Topics for Further Research -- Chapter 14 Case Study: Risk-based Decision-making for the Tangjiashan Landslide Dam Failure -- 14.1 Timeline for Decision‐making for the Tangjiashan Landslide Dam Failure -- 14.2 Prediction of Dam Break Probability with Time Series Analysis -- 14.2.1 Forecasting Inflow Rates -- 14.2.2 Forecasting Lake Volume -- 14.2.3 Prediction of Dam Failure Probability -- 14.3 Simulation of Dam Breaching and Flood Routing -- 14.3.1 Simulation of Dam Breaching and Flood Routing in Stage 1 -- 14.3.2 Simulation of Dam Breaching and Flood Routing in Stage 2 -- 14.3.3 Simulation of Dam Breaching and Flood Routing in Stage 3 -- 14.4 Evaluation of Flood Consequences -- 14.4.1 Methodology -- 14.4.2 Calculated Dam Break Flood Consequences -- 14.5 Dynamic Decision-making -- 14.5.1 Methodology -- 14.5.2 Dynamic Decision-making in Three Stages -- 14.6 Discussions -- 14.6.1 Influence of the Value of Human Life -- 14.6.2 Influence of Failure Mode -- 14.6.3 Sensitivity of the Minimum Expected Total Consequence -- PART IV Appendixes: Dam Failure Databases -- Appendix A Database of 1443 Cases of Failures of Constructed Dams -- Appendix B Database of 1044 Cases of Failures of Landslide Dams -- References -- Index -- EULA
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Zhang, Limin Dam Failure Mechanisms and Risk Assessment New York : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2016 9781118558515
主題 Dam failures
Electronic books
Alt Author Peng, Ming
Xu, Yao
Chang, Dongsheng