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Author Wilkens, Horst, author
Title Evolution in the dark : Darwin's loss without selection / by Horst Wilkens, Ulrike Strecker
Imprint Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 2017
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (ix, 217 pages) : illustrations, digital ; 24 cm
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
text file PDF rda
Note Evolution in the dark - introduction -- The role of rudimentation in evolution -- Diversity and phylogenetic age of cave species -- Surface and cave populations of Mexican Astyanax -- Complexity of interrelationship of cave and surface fish -- Regressive and constructive traits in Astyanax surface and cave fish -- Mechanisms of regressive evolution
This book provides fascinating insights into the development and genetics of evolutionary processes on the basis of animals living in the dark, such as the Astyanax cave fish. Biologically functionless traits show high variability, which results from neutral deleterious mutations no longer being eliminated by natural selection, which normally acts to preserve functional capability. These negative mutations accumulate until the traits they are responsible for become rudimentary or even lost. The random genetic basis of regressive evolution is in accordance with Nei's Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution, which applies to the molecular level. Such processes are particularly conspicuous in species living in constant darkness, where, for example in Astyanax, all traits depending on the exposure to light, like eyes, pigmentation, visually triggered aggressive behaviour, negative phototaxis, and several peripheral outcomes of circadian rhythmicity, are useless and diminish. In compensation constructive traits like taste, olfaction or the lateral line senses are improved by selection and do not show variability. Regressive and constructive traits inherit independently, proving that the rudimentation process is not driven by pleiotropic linkage between them. All these traits are subject to mosaic evolution and exhibit unproportional epistatic gene effects, which play an important role in evolutionary adaptation and improvement. Offering valuable evolutionary insights and supplemented by a wealth of illustrations, this book will appeal to evolutionary and developmental biologists alike
Host Item Springer eBooks
Subject Evolution (Biology)
Life Sciences
Evolutionary Biology
Animal Genetics and Genomics
Developmental Biology
Animal Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography
Alt Author Strecker, Ulrike, author
SpringerLink (Online service)
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