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050  4 S600.7.E93 -- .E93 2016eb 
082 0  631.5 
100 1  70, Task Committee on Revision of Manual 
245 10 Evaporation, Evapotranspiration, and Irrigation Water 
       Requirements 
264  1 Reston :|bAmerican Society of Civil Engineers,|c2016 
264  4 |c©2016 
300    1 online resource (0 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
490 1  Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice Ser 
505 0  Intro -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Preface -- 
       Notation -- Part 1: Basic Concepts -- Chapter 1: 
       Introduction and History -- 1.1 Introduction to Second 
       Edition -- Objectives -- Chapter Content -- 1.2 
       Development of ET and CU Studies in the United States -- 
       Consumptive Use and Evapotranspiration -- Historical 
       Background (United States) -- Evolution of ET Estimating 
       Methods -- 1.3 Revised Edition -- Chapter 2: Evaporation 
       and Evapotranspiration Processes -- 2.1 Introduction -- 
       2.2 The Water Budget -- 2.3 The Energy Budget -- 2.4 
       Controlling Factors -- Weather -- Vegetation -- Soil 
       Factors -- Water Bodies -- Management Factors -- 2.5 
       Estimating Concepts -- Evaporation from Water Surfaces -- 
       Evaporation from Soils -- Reference Evapotranspiration -- 
       Crop Factors (Coefficients) -- 2.6 Measurement Methods -- 
       Change in Soil Water -- Lysimetry -- Bowen Ratio Energy 
       Balance (BREB) -- Eddy Covariance -- Water Balance -- 
       Remote Sensing Energy Balance -- Chapter 3: Soil-Plant-
       Atmosphere System -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Physical 
       Properties of Water, Water Vapor, and Air -- Liquid Water 
       -- Water Vapor -- Air -- Standard Atmosphere (Lower 
       Atmosphere) -- 3.3 Soil Properties -- 3.4 Soil-Water 
       System -- Energy State of Soil Water -- Soil-Water 
       Characteristic Curve -- Flow of Water in Soils -- General 
       Soil Water Properties -- Soil-Plant Interactions -- 3.5 
       Vegetative (Crop) Properties -- Foliage Factors -- Root 
       Factors -- Chapter 4: Energy Balance -- 4.1 Introduction -
       - 4.2 Energy Balance -- 4.3 Net Radiation -- Solar 
       Radiation -- Solar Radiation Estimation -- Long-Wave 
       Radiation -- Net Radiation Measurement and Estimation -- 
       4.4 Soil Heat Flux Density -- Soil Heat Flux Density 
       Measurement -- Soil Heat Flux Density Estimation -- 
       Chapter 5: Surface-Energy and Air-Mass Interactions and 
       the Concept of Reference ET -- 5.1 Introduction 
505 8  5.2 Weather and Surface Effects on Conversion of Energy to
       Latent Heat Flux -- 5.3 Standardization of the Vegetative 
       Cover -- Potential Evaporation -- Reference 
       Evapotranspiration -- Summary -- Chapter 6: Evaporation 
       from Water Surfaces -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Methods of 
       Estimating Water Surface Evaporation -- Pan Evaporation --
       Water Budget Procedure -- Aerodynamic Method (Mass 
       Transfer) -- Energy Balance Method -- Combination Methods 
       -- Simulation Studies -- 6.3 Example Applications of 
       Evaporation Estimation Methods and Measurements -- 
       Evaporation from a Shallow Lake -- Evaporation from Deep 
       Lakes -- Evaporation from a River-Reservoir System -- 
       Evaporation from Reservoirs -- 6.4 Summary of Methods for 
       Estimating Evaporation from Water Bodies -- Small Water 
       Bodies -- Large Water Bodies -- Part 2: Evapotranspiration
       from Land Surfaces -- Chapter 7: Water and Energy Balance 
       Components for Measurement and Estimation -- 7.1 
       Introduction to Chapters 7-12 -- 7.2 Volumetric 
       Measurements for Estimating Land Surface ET -- Soil Water 
       Balance -- 7.3 Mass Balance Methods -- Tanks and 
       Lysimeters -- Typical Problems -- 7.4 Energy Balance 
       Methods-Bowen Ratio -- Typical Problems with Bowen Ratio 
       Systems -- Example Applications for Bowen Ratio Systems --
       7.5 Mass Transfer Method Using Eddy Covariance -- 7.6 
       Fetch Requirements for Boundary Layer Measurement -- Fetch
       Requirements for Weather Stations -- 7.7 Advantages and 
       Disadvantages of ET Measurement Methods -- 7.8 Combined 
       Energy Balance and Mass Transfer Methods -- Mass Transfer 
       with Direct Use of Aerodynamic Expressions -- Sensible 
       Heat from Temperature Differences -- Integrated Stability 
       Functions -- Chapter 8: Reference Crop ET -- 8.1 
       Introduction -- 8.2 The Penman-Monteith Equation -- 8.3 
       Aerodynamic and Surface Parameters for the PM Equation -- 
       Effective Leaf-Area Index -- Stability Correction 
505 8  8.4 Reference ETrefKc Approach -- Reference ET Types and 
       Definitions -- Penman-Monteith as a Definition for 
       Reference ET -- Reference ET Calculations -- 
       Standardization of the PM Equation for ETref -- Preferred 
       Time Steps for Reference ET Calculation -- 1985 Hargreaves
       -Samani Equation -- ETo Software Programs -- 8.5 Missing 
       or Bad Weather Data -- Minimum Data Requirements -- 
       Estimates of Missing Humidity Data -- Estimates of Missing
       Solar Radiation Data -- Missing Wind Speed Data -- Missing
       Maximum or Minimum Air Temperature Data -- Gridded Weather
       Data from Climate and Land Process Models -- 8.6 Reference
       ET by Analogy or Association -- Evaporimeters and 
       Atmometers -- Pan Coefficients -- Atmometers -- Chapter 9:
       Evaporation from Soil -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 The 
       Evaporation Process -- 9.3 Diurnal Effects and 
       Redistribution of Soil Water -- 9.4 Stage 1 Evaporation --
       9.5 Stage 2 Evaporation -- 9.6 Evaporation Models -- 
       Square Root of Time (SRT) Model -- Crop Coefficient-Based 
       Evaporation Model -- The FAO-56 Evaporation Model -- 9.7 
       Relationships between Evaporation and Transpiration -- 9.8
       Water Balance of the Evaporation Layer -- 9.9 Example 
       Estimates of Evaporation -- Comparisons of Models with a 
       Weighing Lysimeter -- Comparison of the FAO-56 Model with 
       HYDRUS-1D -- 9.10 Summary -- Chapter 10: Crop Coefficient 
       Method -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 The Crop Coefficient -
       - Crop Coefficient Variables -- Field-Scale Applications -
       - Small Expanses of Vegetation -- 10.3 Crop (Vegetation 
       Cover) Coefficients -- Kc and ET Terminology -- Basal Crop
       Coefficients -- Water Stress Adjustment -- Mean Crop 
       Coefficients -- 10.4 FAO Grass-Based Crop Coefficients -- 
       Adjustment of Kc for Climate -- Estimation of Initial 
       Kcini with the FAO Mean Kc Procedure -- Lengths of Growth 
       Stages -- An FAO Kc Example 
505 8  Use of the FAO Basal Crop Coefficient Procedure in 
       Calculations -- 10.5 Alfalfa-Based Crop Coefficients -- 
       Procedure -- An Alfalfa-Based Example -- Expression of Kc 
       Curves and the Time Basis -- 10.6 Estimates of Kc Curves 
       for Natural and Agricultural Vegetation -- 10.7 Landscape 
       Coefficients -- The Vegetation Coefficient -- Density 
       Factor -- Microclimate Factor -- Managed Stress Factor -- 
       Actual ET from Landscapes -- Impact of Canopy Wetting and 
       Irrigation Frequency on KL -- Comparisons against Recent 
       Measurements of KL -- 10.8 Estimates of Kc during 
       Wintertime and Nongrowing Seasons -- Types of Surface 
       Conditions -- Estimated Wintertime Evaporation -- 10.9 
       Summary -- Chapter 11: Direct Penman-Monteith and 
       Aerodynamic Energy Balance Equations -- 11.1 Introduction 
       -- Advantages -- Disadvantages and Challenges -- 11.2 
       Common Forms of Resistance-Based Equations -- The Single-
       Layer Penman-Monteith Equation -- The Multilayer 
       (Interactive) Resistance-Based Model -- The Two-Source 
       (Patch) Resistance-Based Model -- 11.3 Challenges with 
       Types of Resistance-Based Models -- 11.4 Parameters for 
       the Penman-Monteith for Equivalency with More Complicated 
       Models -- Net Radiation -- 11.5 Comparative Model 
       Performance -- 11.6 Roughness Length and Zero Plane 
       Displacement -- General Parameters -- Determinations from 
       Wind Profile Measurements -- 11.7 Bulk Surface (Stomatal) 
       Resistance -- Resistance and Leaf Area -- General Bulk 
       Surface Resistance Values -- Example of Applying the 
       Penman-Monteith to a Dry Surface -- 11.8 Evaporation from 
       Soil and Surface Resistance -- 11.9 Weather Measurements 
       for Direct Application of the Penman-Monteith and AFIB 
       Methods and Reference ET Calculation -- Basic Measurements
       -- Adjustments of Noncharacteristic Weather Data -- 11.10 
       Example Applications of the Single-Layer Penman-Monteith -
       - Half-Hourly Calculations 
505 8  Daily Calculations under Conditions of Soil Water Stress -
       - Other Applications of the Single-Layer Penman-Monteith 
       Model -- Examples of Applications of Multilayer Penman-
       Monteith Models -- 11.11 Applications of 
       Evapotranspiration Models Using Remote Sensing Inputs -- 
       11.12 Measurement and Estimation of ET on Sloping Lands --
       11.13 Evaporation of Intercepted Rainfall -- Chapter 12: 
       Regional Estimates of Evapotranspiration -- 12.1 
       Introduction -- 12.2 Theory -- 12.3 Applications -- 
       Complimentary Approach to Estimating ET -- Application of 
       Energy Balance Models to Forests and Grasslands -- 
       Application of Energy Balance Models to Regional 
       Cultivated Lands -- Approximation of Monthly Streamflow 
       for Ungauged Watersheds -- Data Sources in Cultivated 
       Areas -- Data Sources in Natural Vegetation -- Gridded 
       Weather Data -- Part 3: Water Requirement Estimates -- 
       Chapter 13: Selection of Appropriate Estimating Method -- 
       13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Time frame and Required Accuracy
       -- 13.3 Input Data Collection, Screening, and Processing -
       - Solar Radiation -- Humidity and Air Temperature -- Wind 
       Speed -- 13.4 Crop Coefficient Method vs. Direct Methods -
       - 13.5 Evaporation and Evapotranspiration Calculations -- 
       13.6 Summary -- Chapter 14: Estimates of Irrigation Water 
       Requirements and Streamflow Depletion -- 14.1 Introduction
       -- 14.2 Net Irrigation Water Requirement and Effective 
       Precipitation -- 14.3 Leaching Requirement -- 14.4 
       Miscellaneous Water Requirements -- Germination -- Frost 
       Protection -- Blossom Delay -- Wind Erosion Protection -- 
       Plant Cooling -- 14.5 System Losses -- Net Irrigation 
       Water Requirements -- Allowances for Nonuniform 
       Distribution -- Storage and Distribution System Losses -- 
       Expected Occurrences of ET -- Available Water and Rainfall
       Effects -- 14.6 PRECIPITATION RUNOFF -- 14.7 Improvements 
       in Estimating Water Requirements 
505 8  Impacts of Better Training 
520    MOP 70 is a comprehensive reference to estimating the 
       water quantities needed for irrigation of crops projects 
       based upon the physics of evaporation and 
       evapotranspiration (ET) 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 Evapotranspiration--Handbooks, manuals, etc 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Jensen, Marvin E 
700 1  Allen, Richard Glen 
776 08 |iPrint version:|a70, Task Committee on Revision of Manual
       |tEvaporation, Evapotranspiration, and Irrigation Water 
       Requirements|dReston : American Society of Civil Engineers,
       c2016|z9780784414057 
830  0 Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice Ser 
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