LEADER 00000nam  2200349   4500 
001    AAI3128839 
005    20051202084238.5 
008    051202s2004                        eng d 
020    0496761005 
035    (UnM)AAI3128839 
040    UnM|cUnM 
100 1  Anderson, Arlyn T 
245 10 Shortwave broadcasting in a new world order: An historical
       examination of the influences of satellite radio and 
       Internet radio on shortwave broadcasting since the end of 
       the Cold War 
300    292 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-
       04, Section: A, page: 1162 
500    Adviser: Eric M. Kramer 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of Oklahoma, 2004 
520    From the application of shortwave frequencies to 
       broadcasting in the 1920s until the last decade of the 
       20th century, international broadcasting was synonymous 
       with shortwave broadcasting by state-run radio stations. 
       For the bulk of this history of international broadcasting,
       such cross-border communication was developed, sustained, 
       and refined in war---first the radio propaganda wars 
       preceding World War II, then World War II, and finally the
       Cold War which dominated geopolitics for the better part 
       of 40 years. With the emergence of other international 
       communication media such as satellite broadcasting 
       beginning in the 1960s, and the internet in the 1990s, the
       potential for the monopoly in practice and name of 
       shortwave on international broadcasting has been ever 
       present. Additionally, at the termination of the Cold War 
       conflict, the social/political framework that had governed
       international broadcasting for nearly half a century was 
       removed, thus creating the potential for additional 
       revisions and mutations in the realm of international 
       broadcasting. This project examines the first decade of 
       state-sponsored international broadcasting following the 
       end of the Cold War in order to document the changes that 
       have taken place in international broadcasting. Specific 
       attention is paid to the emergence of newer international 
       broadcasting media through which international 
       broadcasting has begun to be carried and received since 
       1991. Additionally, changes made, and challenges faced, by
       the state-run international broadcasters are examined and 
       documented in order to better understand the evolution of 
       international broadcasting at a time in history that may 
       well mark the beginning of the decline of the nation state
       in the face of such changes in international broadcasting.
       It will be illustrated that with the advent of additional 
       electronic media for international broadcasting which is 
       increasingly becoming commercially driven, the nation 
       state that emerged on the heels of the advent of the 
       printing press is in the process of mutation and possible 
       decline 
590    School code: 0169 
590    DDC 
650  4 Mass Communications 
650  4 Journalism 
650  4 History, Modern 
690    0708 
690    0391 
690    0582 
710 20 The University of Oklahoma 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g65-04A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
       advanced?query=3128839