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Author Ashby, Hope Elizabeth
Title The relationship between offenders' early experience of physical and sexual abuse, social cognition, and subsequent admission or denial of their offense upon entering into treatment
book jacket
Descript 118 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 64-12, Section: B, page: 6320
Sponsor: Patricia M. Raskin
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Columbia University, 2004
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between offenders' early experience of physical and/or sexual abuse, their social cognition, and how the relationship between these two psychological factors facilitate sex offenders---both rapists and child molesters---to admit or to deny their offense(s) upon entering into psychodynamic treatment. There are many theories that address sexual offending; however, there is no one theory that completely explains the etiology of sexual offending
Offenders have been found to show severe deficits in their interpersonal behavior skills, which tend to stem from early childhood abuse, neglect, and/or overall family dysfunction (Baldwin, 1992; Hartman & Burgess, 1993; Westen, 1991). The inability of offenders to appropriately process information in their social environment facilitates distortion and thus the ability to act on impulses. This inability can result in the sexual offense (Becker & Murphy, 1998; Bumby & Hansen, 1997; Cole & Putnam, 1992; Fuendeling, 1998; Hanson & Scott, 1995; Johnston & Ward, 1996; Proulx, McKibben, & Lusignan, 1996; Ward et al., 1994; Ward, Hudson, & Keenan, 1998; Ward, Hudson, & Marshall, 1995; Westen, 1991)
By looking at the dysfunctional environment of the offender's early childhood, through looking at the presence of a possible abuse history, a relationship between the abuse experienced and offenders' social cognition and subsequent behaviors may be found. In this study, the abuse history, in conjunction with the offender's interpersonal behaviors, was explored in order to see how that history and those behaviors were related to an offender's initial admission or denial of their offense upon entrance into treatment
This study found that a history of sexual abuse among this sample was negatively correlated with denial. Therefore, those offenders who admit to a history of sexual abuse are less likely to engage in denial of their current offense than those who deny a history of abuse. Results showed that those offenders who admit to their offense and who have higher levels of education are less likely to engage in denial compared to offenders who have lower levels of education and who deny their offense
School code: 0054
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 64-12B
Subject Psychology, Clinical
Sociology, Criminology and Penology
Psychology, Social
Alt Author Columbia University
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