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Author Inchauste, Gabriela
Title Understanding Changes in Poverty
Imprint Herndon : World Bank Publications, 2014
©2014
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (181 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Directions in Development - Poverty
Directions in Development - Poverty
Note Front Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- About the Authors -- Abbreviations -- Chapter 1 Opportunity Knocks: Deepening Our Understanding of Poverty Reduction -- Introduction -- Decomposing Poverty Reduction -- Contributions of This Volume -- Decompositions Can Inform Policy Priorities -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Chapter 2 A Simple Approach to Understanding Changes in Poverty and Inequality -- Introduction -- The Size and Redistribution Effects -- Accounting for the Contribution of Demographics and Income Components -- Summary and Conclusions -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Chapter 3 What Accounts for Changes in Poverty over the Past Decade? -- Introduction -- Growth and Poverty Reduction -- Forces behind Poverty Reduction -- Results -- Summary and Conclusions -- Annex 3A: Data Sources -- Annex 3B: Complementary Tables -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Chapter 4 Counterfactual Decomposition of Changes in Poverty Outcomes -- Introduction -- The Composition and Structural Effects -- Accounting for Behavior -- Concluding Summary and Remarks -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Chapter 5 Why Has Labor Income Increased? An In-Depth Approach to Understanding Poverty Reduction -- Introduction -- Modeling Strategy -- Decomposition Approach -- Final Remarks -- Annex 5A: Estimating the Residual Term in Multinomial Logit -- Annex 5B: The Cumulative Decomposition Technique -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Chapter 6 Understanding Poverty Reduction in Bangladesh, Peru, and Thailand -- Introduction -- Country Context -- The Decomposition Approach -- Decomposition Results -- Final Remarks -- Annex 6A: Regression and Simulation Results -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Figures -- Tables -- Back Cover
The 2015 Millennium Development Goal to cut in half the share of the world's population living in extreme poverty was met with time to spare. By 2013, the percentage of developing-country populations living in extreme poverty decreased from 43 percent in 1990 to 21 percent by 2010. Clearly, there is still a long way to go, with 1.2 billion people without enough to eat. What can we learn from the recent success? This volume presents recent methods to decompose the contributions to poverty reduction. What was the main contributor to poverty reduction? Using a simple accounting approach, we find that labor income growth was the largest contributor to moderate poverty reduction for a group of 21 countries with substantial reductions in poverty over the past decade. Moreover, in most cases, it was the growth in income per worker that contributed the most to poverty reduction, rather than an increase in employment. Changes in demographics, public transfers and remittances helped, but made relatively smaller contributions to poverty reduction. Public transfers were important in reducing extreme poverty, pointing to the crucial role of social protection systems. How was labor income growth able to reduce poverty? After a review of the literature, a structural decomposition method is presented and implemented in three countries. The results show that that labor income grew mainly because of higher returns to human capital endowments. This could signal increases in productivity, a higher relative price of labor, or both. In Bangladesh and Peru, this was driven by higher returns to workers with low levels of education, which may have partly been driven by higher food prices. In contrast, in Thailand, poverty fell partly due to increasing returns to education
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Inchauste, Gabriela Understanding Changes in Poverty Herndon : World Bank Publications,c2014 9781464802997
Subject Poverty.;Economic assistance.;Working class
Electronic books
Alt Author Azevedo, João Pedro
Essama-Nssah, B
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