Record:   Prev Next
Author Beysens, Daniel A
Title Generation and Applications of Extra-Terrestrial Environments on Earth
Imprint Aalborg : River Publishers, 2015
©2015
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (317 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series River Publishers Series in Standardisation Ser
River Publishers Series in Standardisation Ser
Note Intro -- Half Title -- River publishers series in standardisation -- Title - GenerationandApplicationsofExtra-TerrestrialEnvironmentsonEarth -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- List of Contributors -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- List of Abbreviations -- Introduction -- 1 - The Space Environment -- Chapter_1-The Space Gravity Environment -- 1.1 Open Space -- 1.2 Satellites and Rockets -- 1.3 Typical Gravity at Some Celestial Objects -- 1.4 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter_2.Cosmos: Violent and Hostile Environment -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Beliefs and Truths -- 2.3 Where Space Begins -- 2.4 Satellite Environment -- 2.4.1 Temperature -- 2.4.2 Atmospheric Drag -- 2.4.3 Outgassing -- 2.4.4 Atomic Oxygen Oxidation -- 2.5 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter_3 Radiation, SpaceWeather -- 3.1 Facilities for Space Radiation Simulation -- 3.2 Protons -- 3.3 Neutrons -- 3.4 Heavy Ions -- 3.5 Facilities Planned -- 3.6 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter_4 Interstellar Chemistry -- References -- Chapter_5 Celestial Bodies -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 General Planetary Simulation Facilities -- 5.2.1 The Centre for Astrobiology Research (CAB), Madrid, Spain -- 5.2.2 Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt (DLR), Berlin,Germany -- 5.2.3 The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK -- 5.2.4 Mars Environmental Simulation Chamber (MESCH),Aarhus University, Denmark -- 5.2.5 The Planetary Analogues Laboratory for Light, Atmosphereand Surface Simulations (PALLAS), Utrecht University,The Netherlands -- 5.3 Mars Wind Tunnels -- 5.3.1 The Planetary Aeolian Laboratory (PAL), NASA AmesResearch Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA -- 5.3.2 The Arizona State University Vortex Generator (ASUVG),Moffett Field, CA, USA -- 5.3.3 The Aarhus Wind Tunnel Simulator (AWTS), Aarhus,Denmark -- 5.4 Instrument Testing Facilities -- 5.4.1 ChemCam Environmental Chamber
5.4.2 SAM Environmental Chamber -- References -- 2 - Facilities to AlterWeight -- Chapter_6 Drop Towers -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Drop Tower Technologies -- 6.3 Vacuum (or Drop) Tubes -- 6.4 Experiment Inside Capsule (Drag Shield) -- 6.5 Drop Tower Systems -- 6.5.1 Guided Motion -- 6.6 Enhanced Technologies -- 6.6.1 Free Flyer System -- 6.6.2 Catapult System -- 6.6.3 Next-Generation Drop Towers -- 6.6.3.1 Ground-based facility's typical operational parameters -- 6.7 Research in Ground-Based Reduced Gravity Facilities -- 6.7.1 Cold Atoms -- 6.7.2 Combustion -- 6.7.3 Fluid Mechanics/Dynamics -- 6.7.4 Astrophysics -- 6.7.5 Material Sciences -- 6.7.6 Biology -- 6.7.7 Technology Tests -- References -- Chapter_7 Parabolic Flights -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Objectives of Parabolic Flights -- 7.3 Parabolic Flight Maneuvers -- 7.4 Large Airplanes Used for Parabolic Flights -- 7.4.1 Europe: CNES' Caravelle and CNES-ESA's Airbus A300ZERO-G -- 7.4.2 USA: NASA's KC-135, DC-9 and Zero-G Corporation -- 7.4.3 Russia: Ilyushin IL-76 MDK -- 7.5 Medium-Sized Airplanes Used for Parabolic Flights -- 7.5.1 Europe: TU Delft-NLR Cessna Citation II -- 7.5.2 Canada: CSA Falcon 20 -- 7.5.3 Japan: MU-300 and Gulfstream-II -- 7.5.4 Other Aircraft -- 7.6 Small Airplanes and Jets Used for Parabolic Flights -- 7.6.1 Switzerland: Swiss Air Force Jet Fighter F-5E -- 7.6.2 Other Aircraft -- 7.7 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter_8 Magnetic Levitation -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Static Magnetic Forces in a Continuous Medium -- 8.2.1 Magnetic Forces and Gravity, Magneto-GravitationalPotential -- 8.2.2 Magnetic Compensation Homogeneity -- 8.3 Axisymmetric Levitation Facilities -- 8.3.1 Single Solenoids -- 8.3.2 Improvement of Axisymmetric Device Performance -- 8.3.2.1 Ferromagnetic inserts -- 8.3.2.2 Multiple solenoid devices and special windings design
8.4 Magnetic Gravity Compensation in Fluids -- 8.5 Magnetic Gravity Compensation in Biology -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter_9 Electric Fields -- 9.1 Convection Analog in Microgravity -- 9.1.1 Conditions of DEP Force Domination -- 9.1.2 Equations Governing DEP-Driven TEHD Convection -- 9.2 Electric Gravity in the Conductive State for SimpleCapacitors -- 9.2.1 Linear Stability Equations and Kinetic Energy Equation -- 9.3 Results from Stability Analysis -- 9.3.1 Plane Capacitor -- 9.3.2 Cylindrical Capacitor -- 9.3.3 Spherical Shell -- 9.4 Conclusion -- Acknowledgment -- References -- Chapter_10 The Plateau Method -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Principle -- 10.3 Temperature Constraint -- 10.4 Other Constraints -- 10.5 Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter_11 Centrifuges -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Artifacts -- 11.2.1 Coriolis -- 11.2.2 Inertial Shear Force -- 11.2.3 Gravity Gradient -- 11.3 The Reduced Gravity Paradigm (RGP -- References -- 3 - Facilities to Mimic Micro-GravityEffects -- Chapter_12 Animals: Unloading, Casting -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Hindlimb Unloading Methodology -- 12.3 Recommendations for Conducting HindlimbUnloading Study -- 12.4 Casting, Bandaging, and Denervation -- 12.5 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter_13 Human: Bed Rest/Head-Down-Tilt/Hypokinesia -- References -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Experimental Models to MimicWeightlessness -- 13.2.1 Bed Rest or Head-Down Bed Rest? -- 13.2.2 Immersion and Dry Immersion -- 13.3 Overall Design of the Studies -- 13.3.1 Duration of the Studies -- 13.3.2 Design of the Bed-Rest Studies -- 13.3.3 Number of Volunteers -- 13.3.4 Number of Protocols -- 13.3.5 Selection Criteria -- 13.4 Directives for Bed Rest (Start and End of Bed Rest,Conditions During Bed Rest) -- 13.4.1 Respect and Control of HDT Position -- 13.4.2 Activity Monitoring of Test Subjects
13.4.3 First Day of Bed Rest -- 13.4.4 Physiotherapy -- 13.5 Operational/Environmental Conditions -- 13.5.1 Housing Conditions and Social Environment -- 13.5.2 Sunlight Exposure, Sleep/Wake Cycles -- 13.5.3 Diet -- 13.5.4 Testing Conditions -- 13.5.5 Medications -- References -- Chapter_14 Clinostats and Other RotatingSystems-Design, Function, and Limitations -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Traditional Use of Clinostats -- 14.3 Direction of Rotation -- 14.4 Rate of Rotation -- 14.5 Fast- and Slow-Rotating Clinostats -- 14.6 The Clinostat Dimension -- 14.7 Configurations of Axes -- Acknowledgement -- References -- Chapter_15 Vibrations -- 15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 Thermovibrational Convections -- 15.3 Crystal Growth -- 15.4 Dynamic Interface Equilibrium -- References -- 4 - Other Environmental Parameters -- Chapter_16 Earth Analogues -- 16.1 Planetary Analogues -- 16.1.1 The Moon -- 16.1.2 Mars -- 16.1.3 Europa and Enceladus -- 16.1.4 Titan -- 16.2 Semipermanent Field-Testing Bases -- 16.3 Field-Testing Campaigns -- References -- Chapter_17 Isolated and Confined Environments -- Acknowledgement -- References -- 5 - Current Research in Physical Sciences -- Chapter_18 Fundamental Physics -- 18.1 Introduction -- 18.2 The Topics -- 18.3 Fundamental Physics in Space -- 18.3.1 Fundamental Issues in Soft Matter and Granular Physics -- References -- Chapter_19 Fluid Physics -- 19.1 Introduction -- 19.2 Supercritical Fluids and Critical Point Phenomena -- 19.2.1 Testing Universality -- 19.2.3 New Process of Thermalization -- 19.2.4 Supercritical Properties -- 19.2.2 Dynamics of Phase Transition -- 19.3 Heat Transfer, Boiling and Two-Phase Flow -- 19.3.1 Two-Phase Flows -- 19.3.2 Boiling and Boiling Crisis -- 19.4 Interfaces -- 19.4.1 Liquid Bridges -- 19.4.2 Marangoni Thermo-Solutal-Capillary Flows -- 19.4.3 Interfacial Transport -- 19.4.4 Foams
19.4.5 Emulsions -- 19.4.6 Giant Fluctuations of Dissolving Interfaces -- 19.5 Measurements of Diffusion Properties -- 19.6 Vibrational and Transient Effects -- 19.6.1 Transient and Sloshing Motions -- 19.6.2 Vibrational Effects -- 19.7 Biofluids: Microfluidics of Biological Materials -- References -- Chapter_20 Combustion -- 20.1 Introduction -- 20.2 Why Combustion Is Affected by Gravity? -- 20.3 Reduced Gravity Environment for CombustionStudies -- 20.4 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter_21 Materials Science -- 21.1 Introduction -- 21.2 Scientific Challenges -- 21.3 Specifics of Low-Gravity Platforms and Facilitiesfor Materials Science -- 21.3.1 Parabolic Flights -- 21.3.2 TEXUS Sounding Rocket Processing -- 21.3.3 Long-Duration Microgravity Experiments on ISS -- 21.4 Materials Alloy Selection -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 6 - Current Research in Life Sciences -- Chapter_22 Microbiology/Astrobiology -- 22.1 Radiation Environment -- 22.2 Change in Gravity Environment -- 22.3 Space Flight Experiments and Related GroundSimulations -- References -- Chapter_23 Gravitational Cell Biology -- 23.1 Gravitational Cell Biology -- 23.2 Studies Under Simulated Microgravity -- 23.3 Effects of Simulated Microgravity on Algae,Plant Cells, and Whole Plants -- 23.4 Mammalian Cells in Simulated Microgravity -- References -- Chapter_24 Growing Plants under GeneratedExtra-Terrestrial Environments: Effectsof Altered Gravity and Radiation -- 24.1 Introduction: Plants and Space Exploration -- 24.2 Cellular and Molecular Aspects of the GravityPerception and Response in Real and SimulatedMicrogravity -- 24.2.1 Gravity Perception in Plant Roots: Gravitropism -- 24.2.2 Effects on Cell Growth and Proliferation -- 24.2.3 Effects of Gravity Alteration on Gene Expression -- 24.3 Morpho-Functional Aspects of the Plant Responseto Real and Simulated Microgravity Environments
24.3.1 From Cell Metabolism to Organogenesis
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Beysens, Daniel A. Generation and Applications of Extra-Terrestrial Environments on Earth Aalborg : River Publishers,c2015 9788793237537
Subject Space sciences--Research--Europe
Electronic books
Alt Author van Loon, Jack J. W. A
Record:   Prev Next