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050  4 QB500.266.E85.G464 2015eb 
082 0  500.507204 
100 1  Beysens, Daniel A 
245 10 Generation and Applications of Extra-Terrestrial 
       Environments on Earth 
264  1 Aalborg :|bRiver Publishers,|c2015 
264  4 |c©2015 
300    1 online resource (317 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
490 1  River Publishers Series in Standardisation Ser 
505 0  Intro -- Half Title -- River publishers series in 
       standardisation -- Title - 
       GenerationandApplicationsofExtra-
       TerrestrialEnvironmentsonEarth -- Copyright -- Contents --
       Preface -- List of Contributors -- List of Figures -- List
       of Tables -- List of Abbreviations -- Introduction -- 1 - 
       The Space Environment -- Chapter_1-The Space Gravity 
       Environment -- 1.1 Open Space -- 1.2 Satellites and 
       Rockets -- 1.3 Typical Gravity at Some Celestial Objects -
       - 1.4 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter_2.Cosmos: 
       Violent and Hostile Environment -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2
       Beliefs and Truths -- 2.3 Where Space Begins -- 2.4 
       Satellite Environment -- 2.4.1 Temperature -- 2.4.2 
       Atmospheric Drag -- 2.4.3 Outgassing -- 2.4.4 Atomic 
       Oxygen Oxidation -- 2.5 Conclusions -- References -- 
       Chapter_3 Radiation, SpaceWeather -- 3.1 Facilities for 
       Space Radiation Simulation -- 3.2 Protons -- 3.3 Neutrons 
       -- 3.4 Heavy Ions -- 3.5 Facilities Planned -- 3.6 
       Conclusions -- References -- Chapter_4 Interstellar 
       Chemistry -- References -- Chapter_5 Celestial Bodies -- 
       5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 General Planetary Simulation 
       Facilities -- 5.2.1 The Centre for Astrobiology Research 
       (CAB), Madrid, Spain -- 5.2.2 Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-
       und Raumfahrt (DLR), Berlin,Germany -- 5.2.3 The Open 
       University, Milton Keynes, UK -- 5.2.4 Mars Environmental 
       Simulation Chamber (MESCH),Aarhus University, Denmark -- 
       5.2.5 The Planetary Analogues Laboratory for Light, 
       Atmosphereand Surface Simulations (PALLAS), Utrecht 
       University,The Netherlands -- 5.3 Mars Wind Tunnels -- 
       5.3.1 The Planetary Aeolian Laboratory (PAL), NASA 
       AmesResearch Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA -- 5.3.2 The 
       Arizona State University Vortex Generator (ASUVG),Moffett 
       Field, CA, USA -- 5.3.3 The Aarhus Wind Tunnel Simulator 
       (AWTS), Aarhus,Denmark -- 5.4 Instrument Testing 
       Facilities -- 5.4.1 ChemCam Environmental Chamber 
505 8  5.4.2 SAM Environmental Chamber -- References -- 2 - 
       Facilities to AlterWeight -- Chapter_6 Drop Towers -- 6.1 
       Introduction -- 6.2 Drop Tower Technologies -- 6.3 Vacuum 
       (or Drop) Tubes -- 6.4 Experiment Inside Capsule (Drag 
       Shield) -- 6.5 Drop Tower Systems -- 6.5.1 Guided Motion -
       - 6.6 Enhanced Technologies -- 6.6.1 Free Flyer System -- 
       6.6.2 Catapult System -- 6.6.3 Next-Generation Drop Towers
       -- 6.6.3.1 Ground-based facility's typical operational 
       parameters -- 6.7 Research in Ground-Based Reduced Gravity
       Facilities -- 6.7.1 Cold Atoms -- 6.7.2 Combustion -- 
       6.7.3 Fluid Mechanics/Dynamics -- 6.7.4 Astrophysics -- 
       6.7.5 Material Sciences -- 6.7.6 Biology -- 6.7.7 
       Technology Tests -- References -- Chapter_7 Parabolic 
       Flights -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Objectives of Parabolic
       Flights -- 7.3 Parabolic Flight Maneuvers -- 7.4 Large 
       Airplanes Used for Parabolic Flights -- 7.4.1 Europe: 
       CNES' Caravelle and CNES-ESA's Airbus A300ZERO-G -- 7.4.2 
       USA: NASA's KC-135, DC-9 and Zero-G Corporation -- 7.4.3 
       Russia: Ilyushin IL-76 MDK -- 7.5 Medium-Sized Airplanes 
       Used for Parabolic Flights -- 7.5.1 Europe: TU Delft-NLR 
       Cessna Citation II -- 7.5.2 Canada: CSA Falcon 20 -- 7.5.3
       Japan: MU-300 and Gulfstream-II -- 7.5.4 Other Aircraft --
       7.6 Small Airplanes and Jets Used for Parabolic Flights --
       7.6.1 Switzerland: Swiss Air Force Jet Fighter F-5E -- 
       7.6.2 Other Aircraft -- 7.7 Conclusions -- References -- 
       Chapter_8 Magnetic Levitation -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 
       Static Magnetic Forces in a Continuous Medium -- 8.2.1 
       Magnetic Forces and Gravity, Magneto-
       GravitationalPotential -- 8.2.2 Magnetic Compensation 
       Homogeneity -- 8.3 Axisymmetric Levitation Facilities -- 
       8.3.1 Single Solenoids -- 8.3.2 Improvement of 
       Axisymmetric Device Performance -- 8.3.2.1 Ferromagnetic 
       inserts -- 8.3.2.2 Multiple solenoid devices and special 
       windings design 
505 8  8.4 Magnetic Gravity Compensation in Fluids -- 8.5 
       Magnetic Gravity Compensation in Biology -- 
       Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter_9 Electric Fields
       -- 9.1 Convection Analog in Microgravity -- 9.1.1 
       Conditions of DEP Force Domination -- 9.1.2 Equations 
       Governing DEP-Driven TEHD Convection -- 9.2 Electric 
       Gravity in the Conductive State for SimpleCapacitors -- 
       9.2.1 Linear Stability Equations and Kinetic Energy 
       Equation -- 9.3 Results from Stability Analysis -- 9.3.1 
       Plane Capacitor -- 9.3.2 Cylindrical Capacitor -- 9.3.3 
       Spherical Shell -- 9.4 Conclusion -- Acknowledgment -- 
       References -- Chapter_10 The Plateau Method -- 10.1 
       Introduction -- 10.2 Principle -- 10.3 Temperature 
       Constraint -- 10.4 Other Constraints -- 10.5 Concluding 
       Remarks -- References -- Chapter_11 Centrifuges -- 11.1 
       Introduction -- 11.2 Artifacts -- 11.2.1 Coriolis -- 
       11.2.2 Inertial Shear Force -- 11.2.3 Gravity Gradient -- 
       11.3 The Reduced Gravity Paradigm (RGP -- References -- 3 
       - Facilities to Mimic Micro-GravityEffects -- Chapter_12 
       Animals: Unloading, Casting -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 
       Hindlimb Unloading Methodology -- 12.3 Recommendations for
       Conducting HindlimbUnloading Study -- 12.4 Casting, 
       Bandaging, and Denervation -- 12.5 Conclusions -- 
       References -- Chapter_13 Human: Bed Rest/Head-Down-Tilt/
       Hypokinesia -- References -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 
       Experimental Models to MimicWeightlessness -- 13.2.1 Bed 
       Rest or Head-Down Bed Rest? -- 13.2.2 Immersion and Dry 
       Immersion -- 13.3 Overall Design of the Studies -- 13.3.1 
       Duration of the Studies -- 13.3.2 Design of the Bed-Rest 
       Studies -- 13.3.3 Number of Volunteers -- 13.3.4 Number of
       Protocols -- 13.3.5 Selection Criteria -- 13.4 Directives 
       for Bed Rest (Start and End of Bed Rest,Conditions During 
       Bed Rest) -- 13.4.1 Respect and Control of HDT Position --
       13.4.2 Activity Monitoring of Test Subjects 
505 8  13.4.3 First Day of Bed Rest -- 13.4.4 Physiotherapy -- 
       13.5 Operational/Environmental Conditions -- 13.5.1 
       Housing Conditions and Social Environment -- 13.5.2 
       Sunlight Exposure, Sleep/Wake Cycles -- 13.5.3 Diet -- 
       13.5.4 Testing Conditions -- 13.5.5 Medications -- 
       References -- Chapter_14 Clinostats and Other 
       RotatingSystems-Design, Function, and Limitations -- 14.1 
       Introduction -- 14.2 Traditional Use of Clinostats -- 14.3
       Direction of Rotation -- 14.4 Rate of Rotation -- 14.5 
       Fast- and Slow-Rotating Clinostats -- 14.6 The Clinostat 
       Dimension -- 14.7 Configurations of Axes -- 
       Acknowledgement -- References -- Chapter_15 Vibrations -- 
       15.1 Introduction -- 15.2 Thermovibrational Convections --
       15.3 Crystal Growth -- 15.4 Dynamic Interface Equilibrium 
       -- References -- 4 - Other Environmental Parameters -- 
       Chapter_16 Earth Analogues -- 16.1 Planetary Analogues -- 
       16.1.1 The Moon -- 16.1.2 Mars -- 16.1.3 Europa and 
       Enceladus -- 16.1.4 Titan -- 16.2 Semipermanent Field-
       Testing Bases -- 16.3 Field-Testing Campaigns -- 
       References -- Chapter_17 Isolated and Confined 
       Environments -- Acknowledgement -- References -- 5 - 
       Current Research in Physical Sciences -- Chapter_18 
       Fundamental Physics -- 18.1 Introduction -- 18.2 The 
       Topics -- 18.3 Fundamental Physics in Space -- 18.3.1 
       Fundamental Issues in Soft Matter and Granular Physics -- 
       References -- Chapter_19 Fluid Physics -- 19.1 
       Introduction -- 19.2 Supercritical Fluids and Critical 
       Point Phenomena -- 19.2.1 Testing Universality -- 19.2.3 
       New Process of Thermalization -- 19.2.4 Supercritical 
       Properties -- 19.2.2 Dynamics of Phase Transition -- 19.3 
       Heat Transfer, Boiling and Two-Phase Flow -- 19.3.1 Two-
       Phase Flows -- 19.3.2 Boiling and Boiling Crisis -- 19.4 
       Interfaces -- 19.4.1 Liquid Bridges -- 19.4.2 Marangoni 
       Thermo-Solutal-Capillary Flows -- 19.4.3 Interfacial 
       Transport -- 19.4.4 Foams 
505 8  19.4.5 Emulsions -- 19.4.6 Giant Fluctuations of 
       Dissolving Interfaces -- 19.5 Measurements of Diffusion 
       Properties -- 19.6 Vibrational and Transient Effects -- 
       19.6.1 Transient and Sloshing Motions -- 19.6.2 
       Vibrational Effects -- 19.7 Biofluids: Microfluidics of 
       Biological Materials -- References -- Chapter_20 
       Combustion -- 20.1 Introduction -- 20.2 Why Combustion Is 
       Affected by Gravity? -- 20.3 Reduced Gravity Environment 
       for CombustionStudies -- 20.4 Conclusions -- References --
       Chapter_21 Materials Science -- 21.1 Introduction -- 21.2 
       Scientific Challenges -- 21.3 Specifics of Low-Gravity 
       Platforms and Facilitiesfor Materials Science -- 21.3.1 
       Parabolic Flights -- 21.3.2 TEXUS Sounding Rocket 
       Processing -- 21.3.3 Long-Duration Microgravity 
       Experiments on ISS -- 21.4 Materials Alloy Selection -- 
       Acknowledgements -- References -- 6 - Current Research in 
       Life Sciences -- Chapter_22 Microbiology/Astrobiology -- 
       22.1 Radiation Environment -- 22.2 Change in Gravity 
       Environment -- 22.3 Space Flight Experiments and Related 
       GroundSimulations -- References -- Chapter_23 
       Gravitational Cell Biology -- 23.1 Gravitational Cell 
       Biology -- 23.2 Studies Under Simulated Microgravity -- 
       23.3 Effects of Simulated Microgravity on Algae,Plant 
       Cells, and Whole Plants -- 23.4 Mammalian Cells in 
       Simulated Microgravity -- References -- Chapter_24 Growing
       Plants under GeneratedExtra-Terrestrial Environments: 
       Effectsof Altered Gravity and Radiation -- 24.1 
       Introduction: Plants and Space Exploration -- 24.2 
       Cellular and Molecular Aspects of the GravityPerception 
       and Response in Real and SimulatedMicrogravity -- 24.2.1 
       Gravity Perception in Plant Roots: Gravitropism -- 24.2.2 
       Effects on Cell Growth and Proliferation -- 24.2.3 Effects
       of Gravity Alteration on Gene Expression -- 24.3 Morpho-
       Functional Aspects of the Plant Responseto Real and 
       Simulated Microgravity Environments 
505 8  24.3.1 From Cell Metabolism to Organogenesis 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
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590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
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650  0 Space sciences--Research--Europe 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  van Loon, Jack J. W. A 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aBeysens, Daniel A.|tGeneration and 
       Applications of Extra-Terrestrial Environments on Earth
       |dAalborg : River Publishers,c2015|z9788793237537 
830  0 River Publishers Series in Standardisation Ser 
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