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Author Pace-Schott, Edward F
Title Sleep and Dreaming : Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations
Imprint New York : Cambridge University Press, 2003
©2003
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (376 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- References -- 1 Dreaming and the brain: Toward a cognitive neuroscience of conscious states -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. An integrative strategy -- 1.2. A state space model of the brain-mind -- 1.3. Caveat lector -- 2. The phenomenology and psychophysiology of waking, sleeping, and dreaming -- 2.1. Early findings of distinct differences between REM and NREM mentation -- 2.2. Overview of the NREM-REM sleep mentation controversy -- 2.3. Methodological considerations in the study of dreaming -- 3. The cognitive neuroscience of waking, sleeping, and dreaming -- 3.1. Recent findings in human neurobiology -- 3.2. Reciprocal interaction: A neurobiological update -- 3.3. Contemporary theories of conscious states -- 3.3.4. The activation-synthesis model -- 3.3.5. Comparison of activation-only to activation-synthe-sis models' explanations for the origin of dream imagery in… -- 4. A new state space model: AIM -- 4.1. The three dimensions of the state space -- 4.2. The AIM state space -- 4.3. Discrete conscious states and the continuous state space model -- 4.4. Summary of the AIM model and the nature of conscious states -- 5. Conclusions -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- NOTE -- 2 Dreaming and REM sleep are controlled by different brain mechanisms -- 1. Introduction -- 2. REM sleep is controlled by pontine brain stem mechanisms -- 3. REM sleep is not controlled by forebrain mechanisms -- 4. Not all dreaming is correlated with REM sleep -- 5. Dreaming is preserved with pontine brain stem lesions -- 6. Dreaming is eliminated by forebrain lesions which completely spare the brain stem -- 7. Dreaming is actively generated by forebrain mechanisms -- 8. Dreams are generated by a specific network of forebrain mechanisms -- 9. The relationship between dreaming and REM sleep reconsidered -- NOTES
3 A review of mentation in REM and NREM sleep: "Covert" REM sleep as a possible reconciliation of two opposing models -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. The discovery of REM and NREM mentation -- 1.2. Widespread evidence for cognitive activity in NREM sleep -- 1.3. Summary -- 2. Experimental results bearing on the models -- 2.1. Memory sources inferred from associations to mentation -- 2.2. Memory consolidation -- 2.3. Event-related potentials -- 2.4. Stimulation paradigms -- 2.5. Post-awakening testing -- 2.6. Inter-relationships between mentation contents from different reports -- 2.7. Subject differences in mentation content -- 2.8. Residual differences in stage-related measures of mentation quality -- 2.9. Memory versus physiological "activation" -- 2.10. Summary -- 3. An alternative model: Covert REM sleep processes in NREM sleep -- 3.1. Covert REM sleep is suggested by "intermediate sleep" -- 3.2. Physiological processes anticipate REM sleep onset -- 3.3. Covert REM sleep during "missing" REM episodes -- 3.4. Proximity of NREM sleep awakenings to REM sleep -- 3.5. Covert REM sleep during sleep onset (SO)? -- 3.6. Covert REM sleep: A disorder of arousal? -- 3.7. Covert REM sleep underlies the REM sleep "efficiency" concept -- 3.8. Covert REM sleep "pressure" is augmented by REM sleep deprivation -- 3.9. Evidence of covert REM sleep from animal studies -- 3.10. Drug-induced covert REM sleep -- 3.11. Covert REM sleep induced by sensory stimulation -- 3.12. Genetic factors -- 4. Summary -- 4.1. Evaluation of a probabilistic model -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- NOTES -- 4 The case against memory consolidation in REM sleep -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Background -- 2.1. Effects of heightened experiences of waking on subsequent REM sleep -- 2.2. REM deprivation (REMD) studies in animals -- 2.3. REM windows -- 2.4. REMD studies in humans: Early reports
2.5. REM sleep and memory consolidation in humans: Recent reports -- 2.6. Theta rhythm and REM sleep -- 3. REM sleep and antidepressant drugs -- 3.1. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) -- 3.2. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) -- 4. Brain stem lesions and REM sleep in humans -- 5. Functional imaging studies of brain activity in REM sleep -- 6. A proposed function for REM sleep -- 7. Conclusions -- 5 The reinterpretation of dreams: An evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming -- Introduction -- 1. What is it that we want to understand when we inquire about the function of dreaming? -- 1.1. What is dreaming? -- 1.2. What is it to be "functional"? -- 2. Current theories of dream function -- 2.1. Theories in cognitive neuroscience -- 2.2. Theories in dream psychology -- 3. The biological function of dreaming -- 3.1. Background assumptions -- 3.2. Dream consciousness and threat simulation -- 3.3. Proposition 1 -- 3.4. Proposition 2 -- 3.5. Proposition 3 -- 3.6. Proposition 4 -- 3.7. Proposition 5 -- 3.8. Proposition 6 -- 4. The dreams of hunter-gatherers and animals -- 4.1. Threat simulation in the dreams of contemporary hunter-gatherers -- 4.2. Dreaming among other mammals: Evidence for the rehearsal of survival skills -- 5. Testability and predictions -- 6. Threat simulation as a biological defense mechanism -- 6.1. Dream production and threat simulation -- 6.2. Why do we dream about "current concerns"? -- 6.3. The mechanisms behind post-traumatic nightmares -- 6.4. Threat simulation as a biological defense system -- 7. Comparison with previous theories -- 7.1. Theories on dreaming and evolution -- 7.2. Dreaming and daydreaming -- 7.3. Other theories on dreaming -- Conclusion -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- NOTES -- Open Peer Commentary and Authors' Responses -- Open Peer Commentary
How does the dreaming brain explain the dreaming mind? -- Dreaming as an active construction of meaning -- Internally-generated activity, non-episodic memory, and emotional salience in sleep -- Dreams have meaning but no function -- Sleep, not REM sleep, is the royal road to dreams -- REM sleep deprivation: The wrong paradigm leading to wrong conclusions -- REM and NREM mentation: Nielsen's model once again supports the supremacy of REM -- How and why the brain makes dreams: A report card on current research on dreaming -- REM sIeep = dreaming: The never-ending story -- Mental states during dreaming and daydreaming: Some methodological loopholes -- Play, dreams, and simulation -- Iterative processing of information during sleep may improve consolidation -- Conceptual coordination bridges information processing and neurophysiology -- The divorce of REM sleep and dreaming -- Shedding old assumptions and consolidating what we know: Toward an attention-based model of dreaming -- Needed: A new theory -- Mesolimbic dopamine and the neuropsychology of dreaming: Some caution and reconsiderations -- REM sleep: Desperately seeking isomorphism -- The case against memory consolidation in REM sleep: Balderdash! -- Dreaming is not an adaptation -- Sleep, dreaming, and brain activation -- The prevalence of typical dream themes challenges the specificity of the threat simulation theory -- Each distinct type of mental state is supported by specific brain functions -- Where is the forest? Where is the dream? -- State-dependent modulation of cognitive function -- The dramaturgy of dreams in Pleistocene minds and our own -- The waking-to-dreaming continuum and the effects of emotion -- Reflexive and orienting properties of REM sleep dreaming and eye movements -- The ghost of Sigmund Freud haunts Mark Solms's dream theory -- Dreaming as play
New multiplicities of dreaming and REMing -- The interpretation of physiology -- The "problem" of dreaming in NREM sleep continues to challenge reductionist (two generator) models of dream generation -- A new approach for explaining dreaming and REM sleep mechanisms -- Dreaming has content and meaning not just form -- Papez dreams: Mechanism and phenomenology of dreaming -- Lucid dreaming: Evidence and methodology -- All brain work - including recall - is state-dependent -- Nightmares: Friend or foe? -- Koch's postulates confirm cholinergic modulation of REM sleep -- "Spandrels of the night?" -- Dream production is not chaotic -- Novel concepts of sleep-wakefullness and neuronal information coding -- Sleep can be related to memory, even if REM sleep is not -- The illusory function of dreams: Another example of cognitive bias -- A more general evolutionary hypothesis about dream function -- Sorting out additions to the understanding The most controversial proposition of threat avoidance theory, of cognition durin -- Dreams and sleep: Are new schemas revealing? -- Critical brain characteristics to consider in developing dream and memory theories -- Post-traumatic nightmares as a dysfunctional state -- Insights from functional neuroimaging studies of behavioral state regulation in healthy and depressed subjects -- Toward a new neuropsychological isomorphism -- Expanding Nielsen's covert REM model, questioning Solms's approach to dreaming and REM sleep, and reinterpreting the… -- Nielsen's concept of covert REM sleep is a path toward a more realistic view of sleep psychophysiology -- Dreaming is not a non-conscious electrophysiologic state -- "The dream of reason creates monsters"....especially when we neglect the role of emotions in REM-states -- Neurotransmitter mechanisms of dreaming: Implication of modulatory systems based on dream intensity
Metaphoric threat is more real than real threat
Five leading scientists present papers on the latest findings in sleep and dream research
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Pace-Schott, Edward F. Sleep and Dreaming : Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations New York : Cambridge University Press,c2003 9780521810449
Subject Public administration.;Administrative responsibility
Electronic books
Alt Author Solms, Mark
Blagrove, Mark
Harnad, Stevan
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