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Author Council, National Research
Title Setting Priorities for Land Conservation
Imprint Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, 1993
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (278 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Setting Priorities for Land Conservation -- Copyright -- Other Recent Reports of the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology -- Preface -- Contents -- Executive Summary -- CONSIDERATIONS FOR CRITERIA -- The Meaning of Conservation and Public Versus Private Land -- Scientific Bases for Conservation -- Tools and Techniques -- CURRENT CRITERIA -- CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS -- Goals -- Procedures -- 1 Introduction -- LAND-ACQUISITION AGENCIES -- GUIDELINES FOR CRITERIA -- Basic Considerations -- Planning Versus Opportunity -- Acquisition and Alternatives -- THE INFORMATION GAP -- VALUATION CHALLENGES -- REPORT ORGANIZATION -- 2 Public Land, Private Land: An Overview of Ownership and Its Management Challenges -- CONSERVATION: A TERM OF MANY MEANINGS -- The Nineteenth Century: Preservationists and Progressives -- The Early Twentieth Century: Expansion of Resource Management and the Movement for Wilderness Preservation -- Conservation in the Age of Environmentalism -- Natural Sciences and Conservation Efforts -- Elements of Conservation and Its Institutionalization -- PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LANDOWNERSHIP -- Public Landownership in the United States -- Designation of Federal Lands -- Federal Landownership -- Private Landownership in the United States -- DISINCENTIVES FOR CONSERVATION -- THE ROLE OF LANDOWNERSHIP IN CONSERVATION -- 3 The Land-Acquisition Process -- SOURCES OF FUNDING -- The Land and Water Conservation Fund -- National Park Service -- U.S. Forest Service -- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service -- Bureau of Land Management -- ACQUISITION BY FEDERAL AGENCIES -- The National Park Service -- Mandates -- Acquisition -- Acquisition Criteria -- U.S. Forest Service -- Mandates -- Acquisition authority -- Acquisition Criteria -- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service -- Agency Mandate and Acquisition Authority -- Acquisition Criteria
Bureau of Land Management -- Mandates -- Acquisition authority -- Acquisition Criteria -- OMB Criteria -- THE CONGRESS -- LANDOWNERS -- OTHER INTERESTED PARTIES -- Nonfederal Governments -- Native American Tribes -- Land-Protection Constituencies -- Land-Acquisition Opponents -- Acquisition Intermediaries -- Scientific Community -- RATIONAL ANALYSIS AND POLITICS IN THE ACQUISITION PROCESS -- 4 Assessing the Social Effects of Federal Land Acquisition -- INHOLDERS AND FEDERAL LAND ACQUISITION -- SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT -- SIA IN PRACTICE: A BUREAU OF RECLAMATION CASE STUDY -- ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND SIA -- SIA AND CONSERVATION -- 5 The Land Acquisition Process and Biological Preserves: A Role for Natural Sciences -- FUNDAMENTAL ECOLOGICAL CHALLENGES -- Geomorphic Processes -- Hierarchical Levels of Diversity -- Genetic Diversity -- Species Diversity -- Community Diversity -- Global-Scale Diversity -- Conservation-Scale Dependency -- Landscape Dynamics -- Fragmented Landscapes -- Climate -- Disturbance regime -- Changes in the location of suitable habitat -- Reserve Configuration and Landscape Linkages -- OTHER BIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS -- ENHANCING THE ECOLOGICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ACQUISITION PROCESS -- Gap Analysis -- Geographic Information Systems -- Landscape Pattern Analysis -- CONCLUSION -- 6 Nonprofit Organizations -- THE NATIONAL FISH AND WILDLIFE FOUNDATION -- DUCKS UNLIMITED -- THE NATURE CONSERVANCY -- Minimal Size of Preserves -- Minimal Population Size -- Preserve Configuration and Justification -- Element and Site Stewardship -- 7 Techniques and Tools of Acquisition -- CONSERVATION EASEMENTS -- TRANSFERABLE DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS -- DEDICATION -- REGULATION -- LAND EXCHANGE -- Effects on USFS and BLM Timber Sales -- Effect on Local Government Revenues -- Exchanges Involving More Than One State
Time Required to Accomplish Complex Exchanges -- Limits Imposed by National Forest Boundaries -- Conveyance of Mineral Rights -- Other Limitations on the Land Exchange Process -- Regulatory Delay -- Inadequate Identification of Lands Unsuitable to Agency Missions and Available for Exchange -- Inadequate Integration With Regulatory Approaches -- LAND ACQUISITION STRATEGIES AND TRANSACTIONS -- Federal Agencies: Reliance on Willing Sellers -- Nonprofit Organizations: Entrepreneurs and Facilitators -- Hope Valley -- Primerica -- Carrizo Plain -- Coachella Valley -- CONCLUSION -- 8 The Office of Management and Budget -- ADEQUACY OF THE LAPP CRITERIA -- The Minimum Criteria -- The Twelve Ranking Criteria -- Prevents Imminent Development -- Provides Multiple Recreation Opportunities Close to Population Centers -- Preserves Endangered and Threatened Species Habitat -- Preserves a Nationally Significant Natural or Cultural Feature of a Type Not Now Represented in Any Federal Unit -- Preserves Biologically Valuable Wetlands or Riparian Habitat -- Includes Infrastructure for Access for the Public and Handicapped People -- Expands Units With Recent Rapid Growth in Visitor Use -- Improves Manageability and Efficiency of a Unit -- Results in Federal Savings in Acquisition Costs Through the Use of Land Exchanges, Donations, or Other Alternatives -- Involves Federal Acquisition of Less Than Full-Fee Title to the Property -- Involves Significant Nonfederal Partnership -- Ranks 20 Highest Priority Projects According to Agency Mission -- REFLECTION OF AGENCY MISSIONS AND AUTHORITIES -- Protection and Recreation Criteria -- Administrative Criteria -- Cost Criteria -- Conclusions -- 9 Conclusions and Recommendations -- GOALS -- Structuring OMB and Agency Criteria -- Acquisition Strategies and Techniques -- Landscape and Ecosystem Protection
Representative Natural Areas -- PROCEDURES -- Planning and Acquisition -- Improving Information for Decision Making -- Funding -- Emergency Acquisitions -- Monitoring Acquisitions and Re-evaluating Criteria -- State and Local Issues -- Incentives for Private Landowners -- Acquisition Intermediaries -- References -- Appendix A Presenters and Discussants -- Appendix B Procedure for Compiling Federal Land Acquisition Priority List -- Appendix C National Surveys Relevant to Public Land Use, Protection, and Purchase -- Appendix D The Nature Conservancy: Aquisition Priorities and Preserve Selection and Design -- ACQUISITION PRIORITIES -- Goals -- Priorities -- Operations -- Why Heritage Programs Work -- The Classification System -- Priorities for Acquisition -- PRESERVE SELECTION AND DESIGN -- Objective -- The Administrative Process -- How To Design a Preserve -- Minimum Viable Size of Preserves -- Minimum Viable Population Size -- Preserve Configuration and Justification -- Element and Site Stewardship -- Glossary
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Council, National Research Setting Priorities for Land Conservation Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press,c1993 9780309048361
Subject Public lands -- United States -- Management.;Conservation of natural resources -- United States.;Government purchasing of real property -- United States
Electronic books
Alt Author Studies, Division on Earth and Life
Sciences, Commission on Life
Conservation, Committee on Scientific and Technical Criteria for Federal Acquisition of Lands for
National Academy of Sciences,
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