LEADER 00000nam  2200445   4500 
001    AAI3380071 
005    20100624151316.5 
008    100624s2009    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9781109503067 
035    (UMI)AAI3380071 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Crage, Suzanna M 
245 10 Refugee aid policymaking in Berlin and Munich: Local 
       responses to nation-state challenges 
300    275 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 70-
       12, Section: A, page:  
500    Adviser: Elizabeth A. Armstrong 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Indiana University, 2009 
520    Germany is facing a difficult challenge: how can it 
       reconcile its identity as an ethnically and culturally 
       homogenous nation with its status as a multicultural 
       immigrant country? I examine how this challenge affects 
       refugee policymaking. Germany is a major host country to 
       refugees. In the late 1980s and 1990s refugee immigration 
       increased dramatically, and policymakers responded by 
       restricting asylum rights. Refugee migration is often seen
       as a matter for national governments or international 
       agencies, and scholars have analyzed German policies at 
       the federal level. City-level policies can also have 
       important consequences, but they have received little 
       attention. This dissertation compares refugee aid 
       policymaking in Berlin and Munich from 1986-2004. It shows
       that policymaker discourse and decisions in the two cities
       varied in important ways, and explains why. In the process,
       it demonstrates the importance of studying city-level 
       immigration policies, adds to theory about the role of 
       national identity and collective memory in policymaking, 
       and deepens our understanding of the forces that shape 
       policy decisions 
520    Data come from archival records of city policy debates 
       during this period, supplemented with interviews conducted
       in 2004-2005. Policy discourse was shaped by competing 
       national identity concerns and opposing paradigms about 
       refugees. Both had different levels of relevance or 
       support in each city. National identity was rarely 
       mentioned in Munich; it was linked with refugee policy in 
       Berlin, where policymaker debates revolved in part around 
       the relevance of Germany's past for current national 
       identity and policy. In Munich, most policymakers treated 
       refugees as a humanitarian issue; Berlin policymakers were
       more likely to discuss them as a security risk. The 
       dissertation expands theory about ideas and policymaking 
       to explain these differences 
520    The impact of national identity and paradigms on policy 
       decisions was mediated by each city's resources and 
       constraints. Guided by the humanitarian paradigm, Munich 
       policymakers expanded refugee rights and freedoms; 
       eventually, however, the Bavarian government and local 
       constraints limited policy implementation. Berlin 
       policymakers chose restrictive policies, though concerns 
       about repeating past mistakes limited restrictions; 
       additionally, policymakers switched to expansive policies 
       after changes in local resources made them much cheaper. 
       The dissertation analyzes and explains these interactions 
590    School code: 0093 
650  4 Sociology, Theory and Methods 
650  4 Political Science, Public Administration 
650  4 Sociology, General 
650  4 Sociology, Public and Social Welfare 
690    0344 
690    0617 
690    0626 
690    0630 
710 2  Indiana University.|bSociology 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g70-12A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/