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Author McInerney-Lankford, Siobhan
Title Human Rights and Climate Change : A Review of the International Legal Dimensions
Imprint Herndon : World Bank Publications, 2011
©2011
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (217 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series World Bank Studies
World Bank Studies
Note Intro -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Contents -- Foreword -- Abstract -- Acknowledgments -- Acronyms and Abbreviations -- Chapter I. Introduction -- Climate Change: A Defining Human Development Challenge for the 21st Century -- The International Climate Change Regime -- The International Human Rights Regime -- Linking Climate Impacts and Human Rights -- Chapter II. Human Rights Impacts of Climate Change: A Survey of Illustrative Examples -- Climate Change threatens the right to life -- Climate Change threatens the right to adequate food -- Climate Change threatens the right to health -- Climate Change threatens the right to water -- Climate Change threatens the right to adequate housing -- Climate Change may affect the realization of a range of other human rights -- Chapter III. International Environmental Law & Human Rights Law: Basic Concepts -- Sources of International Law -- (a) Treaties -- (b) Customary International Law -- (c) Peremptory Norms of Jus Cogens and Obligations Erga Omnes -- (d) General Principles of International Law -- (e) Conclusions on Sources of International Law -- Public International Law Approaches and Beyond: Human Rights vs. "Human Rights Approaches" -- Chapter IV. Application of Human Rights Law to Climate Change -- General Relevance of Human Rights to the Climate Change Debate -- Lessons from "Environmental Human Rights Jurisprudence" -- (a) Duties to regulate private as well as state actions -- (b) Procedural and Substantive Standards -- Environmental Rights: A "Human Right to a Healthy Environment" -- Applying Environmental Human Rights Law to Climate Change -- Concluding Comments -- Chapter V. UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol and Human Rights Frameworks: Complementarities & Challenges -- Introduction -- "Do no harm:" A Core Obligation Common to MEAs and Human Rights -- The Principle (or Duty) of International Cooperation
Equity & "Common But Differentiated Responsibility" -- (a) Accommodating diversity: differential treatment -- (b) Common But Differentiated Responsibility -- (c) "Polluter pays" principle -- Conclusions on Complementarities and Tensions -- Chapter VI. Potential Operational Implications & Areas for Further Research -- A Frame for Policy Choices -- (a) A Normative Focus on Human Welfare -- (b) Procedural human rights standards - improving decision-making processes -- (c) Substantive human rights standards - a focus on outcomes -- Strengthening Legal Accountability -- Quantitative Assessments of Human Rights Performance -- Engaging the Private Sector -- Technology Access and Transfer -- A New International Instrument on Climate Change Displacement? -- Chapter VII. List of References -- Annex I: Key Impacts -- Annex II: Parties To Human Rights And Climate Treaties -- Notes -- Back Cover
This Study explores arguments about the impact of climate change on human rights, examining the international legal frameworks governing human rights and climate change and identifying the relevant synergies and tensions between them. It considers arguments about (i) the human rights impacts of climate change at a macro level and how these impacts are spread disparately across countries; (ii) how climate change impacts human rights enjoyment within states and the equity and discrimination dimensions of those disparate impacts; and (iii) the role of international legal frameworks and mechanisms, including human rights instruments, particularly in the context of supporting developing countries? adaptation efforts.The Study surveys the interface of human rights and climate change from the perspective of public international law. It builds upon the work that has been carried out on this interface by reviewing the legal issues it raises and complementing existing analyses by providing a comprehensive legal overview of the area and a focus on obligations upon States and other actors connected with climate change. The objective has therefore been to contribute to the global debate on climate change and human rights by offering a review of the legal dimensions of this interface as well as a survey of the sources of public international law potentially relevant to climate change and human rights in order to facilitate an understanding of what is meant, in legal terms, by ?human rights impacts of climate change? and help identify ways in which international law can respond to this interaction. This is a complex and dynamically evolving legal and policy landscape and this study aims to capture its most salient features insofar as they appear at present. The Study employs the following three-part conceptual understanding of the links between human rights and
climate change. First, climate change may affect the enjoyment of human rights: this is explored in part II and draws from the existing work of the United Nations (UN) Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the UN Human Rights Council and the International Council on Human Rights Policy. Second, measures to address climate change may impact the realization of human rights. This is a subset of the discussion of ?impacts? targeting ?secondary? human rights impacts of measures aimed at addressing climate change. Third, human rights have relevance to policy and operational responses to climate change, such that human rights obligations (both substantive and procedural) may be relevant to the design and implementation of effective responses to climate change, particularly in relation to adaptation and to some extent also to mitigation. Human rights may also have a role in promoting resilience to climate change and may reinforce sustainable development goals. The Study includes a number of approaches from connecting climate change to specific human rights impacts under international human rights law, to tracing the applicable sources of law and surveying identifiable obligations under international human rights law and international environmental law. The Study reviews how human rights law addresses environmental protection in substantive and procedural terms focusing in particular on the advances made in the latter through the jurisprudence of regional human rights bodies for example. The Study considers also how environmental protection has been extended to regulate private as well as public action. Following from this is a discussion of the application of human rights to climate change, including an outline of the various ways in which human rights can be seen to ?add value? to the discourse, including the use of human rights legal
framework as a tool for helping analyse climate impacts and determining appropriate policy responses. The Study includes a summary analysis of principles and precepts of international human rights law and multilateral environmental agreements (MEA) to consider their compatibility in conceptual terms. It concludes with a short review of potential operational implications and areas for further research. Among these new issues in human rights and climate change is the role of the private sector in addressing the challenges identified and complementing the efforts of governments: this is particularly apt in light of the increased recognition of the emerging roles of both public and private sector actors in relation to human rights
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: McInerney-Lankford, Siobhan Human Rights and Climate Change : A Review of the International Legal Dimensions Herndon : World Bank Publications,c2011 9780821387207
Subject Psychology -- Research -- Methodology.;Psychology, Experimental -- Research -- Methodology
Electronic books
Alt Author Darrow, Mac
Rajamani, Lavanya
World Bank Group,
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