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Author Naiman, Robert J
Title Riparia : Ecology, Conservation, and Management of Streamside Communities
Imprint Burlington : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2005
©2005
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (445 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Aquatic Ecology
Aquatic Ecology
Note Intro -- Foreword -- Preface -- 1 Introduction -- Overview -- Purpose -- Hydrological Context -- Ecological Context -- Landscape Context -- Cultural Setting -- Rationale for Riparian Ecology -- Setting the Stage -- 2 Catchments and the Physical Template -- Overview -- Purpose -- Catchments and Hierarchical Patterns of Geomorphic Features -- Catchment Form and Channel Networks -- Catchment History -- Hierarchical Patterns of Geomorphic Features in Catchments -- Geomorphic Processes and Process Domains -- Headwater Erosion -- Channel Processes -- Floodplain and Channel Interactions -- Hydrologic Connectivity and Surface Water-Groundwater Exchange -- Surface Connectivity and Flooding -- The Dynamics of the Linked Surface-Subsurface Hydrologic System -- Conclusions -- 3 Riparian Typology -- Overview -- Purpose -- The Historical Context -- Theoretical Basis for Classification -- Application of Ecological Information -- Inventory -- Classification -- Emerging Classification Concepts -- Geomorphic Classification -- Hierarchical Classification -- Rosgen's Classification -- Geomorphic Characterization (Aspect I) -- Morphologic Description (Aspect II) -- The Process Domain Concept -- The Hydrogeomorphic Approach -- Biotic Classification -- Soils -- Plants -- Wildlife -- Treating Complexity and Heterogeneity in Classification Systems -- Attributes of an Enduring Classification System -- Conclusions -- 4 Structural Patterns -- Overview -- Purpose -- Life History Strategies -- Morphological and Physiological Adaptations of Riparian Plants -- Reproductive Strategies -- Distribution, Structure, and Abundance -- Identification of Riparian Zones Based on Soils and Vegetation Type -- Biophysical Characteristics of Riparian Soils -- Organic Matter -- Moisture -- Fauna -- General Distributions of Aboveground and Belowground Communities -- Lateral Zonation
Longitudinal Zonation -- Successional and Seasonal Community Patterns -- Vegetative Succession -- Faunal Succession -- Density, Basal Area, and Biomass -- Biological Diversity -- Diversity Theory and Measurement -- Vegetative Diversity -- Site and Catchment Patterns -- Refuges -- Factors Controlling Species Richness -- Faunal Diversity -- Diversity of Soil Organisms -- Aboveground Fauna Diversity -- 5 Biotic Functions of Riparia -- Overview -- Purpose -- Water Use and Flux -- Nutrient Fluxes -- Overview of Cycles and Processes -- Production Ecology -- Growth and Metabolism of Riparian Trees -- Timing of Growth and Rates of Net Primary Production -- Litterfall -- Mortality Rates -- Root Production -- Decomposition Dynamics -- Principles of Decomposition Dynamics -- Litter Quality -- Exogenous Nutrient Supply -- Temperature -- Oxygen Tension -- Nutrient Dynamics During Decay -- Factors Controlling Immobilization of Nitrogen -- Initial Litter Quality -- Exogenous Nutrient Supply -- Anaerobic Decay -- Temperature -- Mechanisms of Nitrogen Immobilization -- Nitrogen Accumulation in Microbial Biomass -- Nitrogen Accumulation in By-Products of Microbial Activity -- Decomposition of Riparian Litter -- Information Fluxes -- Microclimate -- Conclusions -- 6 Biophysical Connectivity and Riparian Functions -- Overview -- Purpose -- Patch Dynamics and a Landscape Perspective of Catchments -- Nutrient Flows -- Riparian Zones as Buffers Against Nutrient Pollution from Upland Runoff -- Riparian Zones as Buffers Against High In-Stream Nutrient Levels -- Particle-Nutrient Considerations -- Energy Flows and Food Webs -- Energy Flows Between Riparia and Adjoining Aquatic Systems -- Large Animal Connections -- The Functional Grouping of Large Animal Interactions -- Pacific Salmon Influences on Riparian Ecosystems -- Conclusions -- 7 Disturbance and Agents of Change
Overview -- Purpose -- Major Categories of Change -- Human Demography -- Resource Use -- Technology Development -- Social Organization -- Riparian Disturbances -- Defining Anthropogenic Disturbance -- Understanding History: Basic Concepts and Approaches -- Legacies and Lag-Times -- Cumulative Effects -- Historical Examples of Riparian Alterations -- Pervasive Human-Mediated Changes -- Disturbance Ecology: Responses to Stress -- Ecological Consequences of Flow Regulation -- Theory -- Extent of Flow Regulation -- Effects on Native Species and Processes -- Alterations to Energy and Nutrient Budgets -- Basic Ecological Principles -- Consequences of Global Climate and Land Use Changes -- Climate Change -- Changes in Temperature Regimes -- Changes in Precipitation and Runoff Regimes -- Early Snowmelt Runoff -- Increased Precipitation Variability -- Reduced Discharge -- Can Riparia Adapt to Climate Change? -- Land Use Change -- Temperature Regimes -- Nutrient Enrichment -- Invasive Species -- Conclusions -- 8 Management -- Overview -- Purpose -- Riparian Management: A Recent and Evolving Concern -- Economic Valuation of Riparia -- Social and Cultural Perspective -- Suitable Management Institutions -- Information Collection and Dissemination -- Riparian Management: A Process Linked to Catchment and to River Management -- Riparian Benefits from Catchment Management -- Riparian Benefits from River Management -- Catchments and Rivers Benefit from Riparian Management -- Riparian Management: A Highly Specific Process -- Adaptiveness -- Sustainability -- Appropriateness -- Timber Harvest Practices -- Revegetation of Riverbanks -- Human Dimension of Riparian Management -- Shared Socioenvironmental Visions -- Social-Ecological Systems -- Communication Needs -- Conclusions -- Riparian Management as an Emerging Issue -- 9 Conservation -- Overview -- Purpose
Conserving Riparia for Biodiversity -- Conserving Riparia for Ecosystem Services -- Conserving Riparia for their Hydrologic Effects -- Riparian Conservation in a Management Context -- Human Benefits from Riparian Conservation -- Emergence of New Conservation Legislation -- Riparian Conservation for the Long Term -- Approaching Scientific Uncertainty in Ecological Problem Solving -- Integrating Ecological Knowledge with the Social and Ethical Aspects -- Conclusions -- 10 Restoration -- Overview -- Purpose -- General Principles and Definitions -- Returning to More Natural Hydrologic Regimes -- Developing a Restoration Plan -- Getting Organized -- Identifying Problems and Opportunities -- Defining Goals and Objectives -- Implementing, Monitoring, and Evaluating -- Financial Incentives -- Setting Priorities -- Assessing the Ecological Integrity of Riparia -- Specific Enhancements -- Implementing Riparian Silvicultural Practices -- Reintroducing Large Woody Debris -- Designing Riparian Buffer Zones -- Prescribed Grazing -- Optimizing Riparia for Biodiversity -- Conclusions -- 11 Synthesis -- Overview -- Purpose -- Riparia as Keystone Units of Catchment Ecosystems -- Riparia as Nodes of Ecological Organization -- A Unified Perspective of Riparian Ecology -- Developing a Future Vision -- Scenario Development -- Forecasting, Prediction, and Projection -- Emerging Perspectives, Tools, and Approaches -- Emerging Perspectives -- Emerging Tools and Approaches -- Aboveground -- Belowground -- General Techniques -- Principles for the Ecological Management of Riparia -- Global Environmental Change -- Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Index
This book describes the underlying water conditions and geologies that support viable riparia, illustrates the ecological characteristics of riparia, and discusses how riparia are used by human cultures as well as how riparia can be used to sustain environmental quality. In recent years riparian management has been widely implemented as a means of improving fisheries, water quality, and habitat for endangered species. This book provides the basic knowledge necessary to implement successful, long-term management and rehabilitation programs. * Treats riparian patterns & processes in a holistic perspective, from ecological components to societal activities * Contains over 130 illustrations and photos that summarize this complex ecological system * Synthesizes the information from more than 6,000 professional articles * Sidebars provide a look into ongoing research that is at the frontiers of riparian ecology and management
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Naiman, Robert J. Riparia : Ecology, Conservation, and Management of Streamside Communities Burlington : Elsevier Science & Technology,c2005 9780126633153
Subject Riparian areas--Management
Electronic books
Alt Author Décamps, H
McClain, Michael E
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