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Author Fiengo, Robert
Title Asking Questions : Using Meaningful Structures to Imply Ignorance
Imprint Oxford : Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 2007
©2007
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (194 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- Contents -- Note on Punctuation -- 1. Introduction: Ignorance and Incompleteness -- 1.1 Ignorance of items and ignorance of predicates -- 1.1.1 On the tendency to syntacticize distinctions of use -- 1.1.2 The incompleteness of sentence-types used to ask wh-questions, and the incompleteness of sentence-types used to ask yes-no questions -- 1.2 Open questions, confirmation questions, and the standard of completeness -- 1.3 Grammar and use -- 1.4 Outline of what follows -- 2. The Instrumental Model of Talking: How to Talk about Talk -- 2.1 The use and using of expression-types -- 2.1.1 Common talk of using types and tokens -- 2.1.2 Personal tools: the things that linguists study -- 2.2 How we talk: uttering tokens of types and recognizing types of tokens -- 2.3 Further implications of the instrumental approach -- 2.3.1 The performative proposal again -- 2.3.2 Form follows failure -- 2.4 Knowing how to talk to others -- 2.5 The wielding of sentence-types -- 2.5.1 On the wielding of sentence-types when using them to ask questions -- 2.6 Conclusion -- 3. Open Questions, Confirmation Questions, and how to Choose which Sentence-type to Use when Asking them -- 3.1 Two kinds of incompleteness -- 3.1.1 Preliminaries -- 3.1.2 On what the questioner presents himself as lacking and as not lacking -- 3.1.3 The rule of choice -- 3.1.4 On the incompleteness of open yes-no questions and the absence of 'the glue' -- 3.1.5 An alternate account of open yes-no questions -- 3.1.6 Other uses of incomplete sentence-types -- 3.2 Confirming beliefs (the epistemological setting) -- 3.2.1 On the uses of confirmation yes-no questions -- 3.2.2 On when to ask confirmation questions, and how to respond to them -- 3.3 Sarcasm and irony -- 3.3.1 Accusation -- 3.3.2 Politeness -- 3.4 Rhetorical open questions and rhetorical confirmation questions -- 3.5 Closed questions
3.5.1 Questions asked using negative sentence-types -- 3.5.2 The eliminative tactic -- 3.5.3 Tag questions -- 3.5.4 Confidence and its lack: two examples of wielding tag questions -- 3.6 The speciation of challenges -- 3.6.1 Tag challenges -- 3.6.2 Non-acceptance and disbelief -- astonishment and surprise -- 3.7 Kinds of wh-questions -- 3.7.1 Repeat questions -- 3.7.2 How the challenge distinctions fare in using wh-questions -- 3.7.3 Quiz questions -- 3.7.4 Wh-the-hell questions -- 3.8 Closing remarks -- 4. Quantifiers, Wh-expressions, and Manners of Interpretation -- 4.1 The manners of interpretation of 'each' and 'every' -- 4.1.1 Individualizing and Totalizing: the different manners of 'each' and 'every' -- 4.1.2 'Each' and 'every' contrasted in transparent contexts -- 4.1.3 'Each' and 'every' contrasted in opaque contexts -- 4.2 The manners and structures of 'which N' and 'what N' -- 4.2.1 The grammatical number of the restriction -- 4.2.2 The Individualizing manner of 'which N', and the Totalizing manner of 'what N' -- 4.2.3 Argument and predicate occurrences -- covert and absent restrictions -- 4.2.4 The inadequacy of D-linking in distinguishing 'which' from other wh-expressions -- 4.3 Incompleteness -- 4.3.1 Are wh-expressions incomplete, or do they lack something? -- 4.3.2 The incompleteness of indefiniteness -- 4.4 The manners and structures of 'who' and 'what' -- 4.4.1 The syntax of 'who' and 'what' -- 4.4.2 The weak manner of interpretation of 'who' and 'what' -- 4.5 Multiple questions -- 4.5.1 Multiple which-questions -- 4.5.2 Which which-question to ask? -- 4.5.3 Multiple who-questions and multiple what-questions -- 4.6 On the speciation of the questioning speech-acts as reflected in the choice of wh-expressions -- 5. Syntactic Structure -- 5.1 Syntactic notation and the representation of phrase-markers
5.2 Ordering in syntactic representation -- 5.2.1 'Horizontal' ordering, 'vertical' ordering, and the containing node -- 5.2.2 The definitions of containment and dominance -- 5.3 Movement (splitting), and the lack thereof -- 5.3.1 The powers of positions, the powers of expressions, and incompleteness -- 5.4 Ideal representation for variables, quantifiers, and wh-expressions -- 5.4.1 The logical representation of wh-expressions and the overt marking of relative scope -- 5.5 The explanation for restrictions on crossing -- 5.6 Scopal differences and structural differences -- 5.6.1 Dominance and prominence -- 5.7 The indication of saturation -- 5.7.1 The completeness of indirect questions and the absence of inversion -- 5.7.2 The absence of inversion and wh-splitting in confirmation questions -- 5.8 Summary -- 6. On the Questioning Speech-acts and the Kinds of Ignorance they Address -- 6.1 What the questioner is asking for -- 6.2 Asking for things-in-the-world and asking for bits of language -- 6.3 Asking for properties and asking for predicates -- the distinction between Calling questions and Describing questions -- 6.4 Calling, Exemplifying, and Classing questions -- 6.4.1 The distinction between Calling questions and Exemplifying questions -- 6.4.2 Classing questions -- 6.5 Multiple questions -- 6.5.1 How ignorant can a questioner be? -- 6.5.2 On the speech-acts that may be performed when asking multiple questions -- 6.5.3 Is there a quartet of multiple questions? -- 6.5.4 Are there mixings of the questioning speech-acts? -- 6.6 Identity questions, manner, and Austin's quartet -- 6.6.1 Which is which? -- 6.6.2 Who is who? -- 6.7 What is a question? -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Y
Asking Questions examines a central phenomenon of language - the use of sentences to ask questions. Although there is a sizable literature on the syntax and semantics of interrogatives, the logic of "questions", and the speech act of questioning, no one has tried to put the syntax and semantics together with the speech acts over the full range of phenomena we pretheoretically think of as asking questions. Robert Fiengo not only does this, but also takes upsome more foundational issues in the theory of language.Asking Questions advances our understanding of a wide range of issues in a number of important respects. Scholars and students of linguistics and philosophy will find plenty to interest them in this pioneering work
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Fiengo, Robert Asking Questions : Using Meaningful Structures to Imply Ignorance Oxford : Oxford University Press, Incorporated,c2007 9780199208418
Subject Ignorance (Theory of knowledge);Knowledge, Theory of -- Methodology.;Questioning.;Rhetoric
Electronic books
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