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Author Gomila, Michael N
Title The psychological effects of death exposure: A regression analysis of risks associated with mortuary services
book jacket
Descript 130 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-07, Section: B, page: 4141
Adviser: James Benshoff
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 2006
In the last twenty years, a growing number of occupations have been identified for work-related induction of traumatic stress (Paton, 1989, 1992, 1994). These include occupations such as firefighters, emergency medical technicians, police officers, and nurses (e.g. Alexander & Wells, 1991; Markowitz et al., 1987; Mitchell, 1990; Paton, 1994) who risk suffering after effects related to primary of secondary involvement with disasters or other traumatic events (Paton, 1996). Exposure to death is one of the most toxic traumatic events that can be experienced within these professions (Ursano & McCarroll, 1990). To date, little is known about the consequences of long term exposure to this traumatic event
Funeral directors were selected for this study in order to better understand how the exposure to death affects psychological symptom patterns. Five hundred (500) funeral directors were selected at random from a national database. Participants were administered demographic questions, the researcher designed Career Questionnaire, the Symptoms Checklist 90 Revised, and a general comment form. One hundred and fifty-five (155) respondents completed the survey, lending data for which multiple statistical methods were implemented. Factor analysis was used to obtain the component structure of the Career Questionnaire and produce predictor variables for regression equations. Predictor variables, established by the scales of the Career Questionnaire along with demographic variables, were used in multiple regressions equations. Means were compared through a one-sample t-test
Results indicated that funeral directors experience increased symptoms for which stigma and grief coping skills produced predictive value. From this information it might be concluded that the funeral direction profession is a critical stress occupation, for which individuals are subjected to trauma as a normal part of their work. Secondary, reactions to traumatic events may include being stigmatized by traumatic events or else burdened by grief reactions that are common to the profession
School code: 0154
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-07B
Subject Psychology, Industrial
Alt Author The University of North Carolina at Greensboro
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