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008    120314s1984    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780315965522 
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040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Goodfield, Cindi 
245 10 Erasmus Darwin's place in the history of psychology 
300    194 p 
500    Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 34-01, 
       page: 0408 
502    Thesis (M.A.)--York University (Canada), 1984 
520    The following thesis explores Erasmus Darwin's vitalistic 
       conception of organic functioning, with its emphasis on 
520    Chapter one provides some background information on 
       Erasmus Darwin's life, interests, works and 
       accomplishments. It also provides an outline of the 
       remaining chapters. Chapter two offers a detailed 
       exposition of Darwin's ideas on organic functioning as 
       presented in his Zoonomia. Darwin maintains that the 
       organism's behavior is the function of the quantity of 
       sensorial power residing within the organism, which is 
       secreted and produced by the brain, and the strength of 
       the impinging stimulus. In other words, behavior is the 
       function of both the organism and the presenting stimulus.
       This particular view represented an important change from 
       the traditional mechanical conception of organic 
       functioning, which saw behavior as solely determined by 
       the external circumstances that presented themselves. 
       Chapter 3, explores the implications that follow from 
       Darwin's theory of organic functioning (i.e., the 
       subsuming of psychology under physiology and the 
       elimination of the mind-body dualism). It also explores 
       the implications of this perspective, given the social and
       political context in which he wrote. The nature of the 
       reception of Darwin's ideas during and after his lifetime 
       is discussed. The final chapter attempts to dispel the 
       commonly held view among historians of psychology, that 
       the incorporation of movement into associationist 
       psychology is to be attributed to Alexander Bain. In fact,
       this step was taken by Erasmus Darwin. (Abstract shortened
       by UMI.) 
590    School code: 0267 
650  4 Biography 
650  4 History of Science 
650  4 Psychology, General 
690    0304 
690    0585 
690    0621 
710 2  York University (Canada) 
773 0  |tMasters Abstracts International|g34-01 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/