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035    (MiAaPQ)EBC3377190 
035    (Au-PeEL)EBL3377190 
035    (CaPaEBR)ebr10068425 
035    (OCoLC)830028874 
040    MiAaPQ|beng|erda|epn|cMiAaPQ|dMiAaPQ 
050  4 QP301 -- .I37 1992eb 
082 0  612/.042 
100 1  Marriott, Bernadette M 
245 10 Body Composition and Physical Performance :|bApplications 
       for the Military Services 
264  1 Washington, D.C. :|bNational Academies Press,|c1992 
264  4 |c©1990 
300    1 online resource (370 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Body Composition and Physical Performance -- Copyright -- 
       PREFACE -- FOCUS OF THE REPORT -- HISTORY OF THE COMMITTEE
       -- COMMITTEE TASK AND PROCEDURES -- Acknowledgments -- 
       Contents -- PART I OVERVIEW -- 1 Introduction and 
       Background -- THE COMMITTEE'S TASK -- CURRENT PHYSICAL 
       STANDARDS FOR ACCESSION AND RETENTION IN THE MILITARY -- 
       Accession Standards -- Retention Standards -- PROCEDURES 
       USED BY THE MILITARY SERVICES FOR FAILURE TO MEET PHYSICAL
       OR PERFORMANCE STANDARDS -- METHODS FOR ASSESSING BODY 
       COMPOSITION -- Definition of Terms -- Anthropometric 
       Measurements -- Densitometry -- Bioelectric Impedance 
       Analysis -- Options Requiring Major Equipment Or Time -- 
       FACTORS THAT MAY INFLUENCE BODY COMPOSITION -- Age -- 
       Gender -- Race and Ethnic Group -- BODY WEIGHT, 
       COMPOSITION, AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE -- Does Being 
       Overweight Impair Military Performance? -- Running ability,
       sit-ups, and push-ups -- Load Carrying Ability and Lifting
       -- RELATIONSHIP OF LEAN BODY MASS VERSUS BODY FATNESS TO 
       PERFORMANCE OF PHYSICAL TASKS -- RELATIONSHIP OF BODY 
       COMPOSITION AND INJURY -- RELATIONSHIP OF BODY COMPOSITION
       TO HEALTH -- BODY COMPOSITION AND MILITARY APPEARANCE -- 
       ASSESSING BODY COMPOSITION FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO FAIL TO 
       MEET MILITARY STANDARDS -- COMMENTS ON BODY COMPOSITION 
       STANDARDS -- References -- 2 Conclusions and 
       Recommendations -- CONCLUSIONS -- RECOMMENDATIONS -- AREAS
       FOR FUTURE RESEARCH -- PART II INVITED PAPERS -- 3 Body 
       Composition And Military Performance: Origins Of The Army 
       Standards -- INTRODUCTION -- THE CURRENT ARMY WEIGHT 
       CONTROL PROGRAM: POLICY AND GOALS -- THE DEVELOPMENT OF 
       MILITARY ACCESSION STANDARDS -- Physical Standards In 
       Relation To The Demand For Soldiers -- Early Scientific 
       Investigations Of Soldier Physique -- Standards Of 
       Physique In The Civil War: Eye Of The Physician -- 
       Published Standards For Physician Guidance 
505 8  WORLD WAR II HEIGHT-WEIGHT STANDARDS -- Development Of 
       Current Accession Standards -- RETENTION STANDARDS IN THE 
       MILITARY -- Potbellies And The Army Weight Control Program
       -- DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DIRECTIVE 1308.1 AND THE U.S. 
       ARMY BODY FAT STANDARDS -- Development Of Army Body Fat 
       Equations -- References -- 4 Body Composition In The 
       Military Services: Standards And Methods -- BACKGROUND -- 
       BODY COMPOSITION STANDARDS -- Body Composition And 
       Physical Performance -- Body Composition And Appearance --
       Body Composition And Health -- BODY COMPOSITION 
       MEASUREMENT -- Reliability And Trainability -- Equation 
       Validity -- U.S. Army -- U.S. Navy -- U.S. Marine Corps --
       U.S. Air Force -- Cross-Validation -- SUMMARY -- 
       References -- 5 Effects of Experimental Alterations in 
       Excess Weight On Physiological Responses To Exercise and 
       Physical Per ... -- INTRODUCTION -- EXCESS WEIGHT, AEROBIC
       CAPACITY AND RUNNING PERFORMANCE -- RUNNING PERFORMANCE, 
       METABOLIC RESPONSES AND GENDER DIFFERENCES -- PHYSICAL 
       PERFORMANCE, BODY FAT AND WOMEN ATHLETES -- References -- 
       6 Army Data: Body Composition and Physical Capacity -- 
       INTRODUCTION -- DESIGN AND METHODS -- RESULTS -- Body 
       Composition and Performance Capacity Related To Age -- 
       Performance Capacity in Relation To Body Composition -- 
       Relationship To Fitness Standards -- DISCUSSION -- 
       References -- 7 The Relationship Of Body Size And 
       Composition To The Performance Of Physically Demanding 
       Military Tasks -- INTRODUCTION -- Associations Among Body 
       Fat, Load Carriage Ability, And Running Performance -- 
       Association Of Lean Body Mass With Military Performance --
       Discussion And Conclusions -- References -- 8 New 
       Approaches To Body Composition Evaluation And Some 
       Relationships To Dynamic Muscular Strength -- NEW 
       APPROACHES TO BODY COMPOSITION EVALUATION -- Estimating 
       Excess Body Fat From Changes In Abdominal Girth 
505 8  Calculation Of Excess Abdominal Girth -- The Ag Method 
       During Body Mass Loss By Exercise Plus Diet -- The Ag 
       Method During Body Mass Loss By Diet Only -- THE BODY 
       PROFILE: AN ENHANCEMENT OF THE SOMATOGRAM -- Original 
       Somatogram Calculations -- Ponderal Sornatogram 
       Calculation -- SOME RELATIONSHIPS TO DYNAMIC MUSCULAR 
       STRENGTH -- Experimental Procedures -- Anthropometric 
       Assessment -- Calculations -- Results -- Anthropometry -- 
       Correlations -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- References -- 9 
       Associations Among Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and
       Injury in Men and Women Army Trainees -- INTRODUCTION -- 
       TWO ARMY STUDIES OF BODY COMPOSITION, FITNESS, AND INJURY 
       -- Methods -- Subjects -- Prescreening Measures -- Medical
       Follow-Up -- Physical Training -- Analysis -- Results -- 
       Correlation of Percent Bf and Body Mass Index -- Past 
       Activity Level and Body Composition -- Body Composition 
       and Physical Performance -- Prediction of Endurance 
       Performance -- Injuries -- Body Composition And Injury -- 
       Physical Fitness And Injury -- Physical Activity And 
       Injury -- Gender, Physical Fitness And Risk Of Injury -- 
       Discussion -- Correlation Between Body Composition And 
       Physical Fitness -- Predicting Endurance -- Risks Of 
       Injury -- Association Between Body Composition And Risk Of
       Injury -- Association Of Physical Fitness With Risk Of 
       Injury -- Association Of Physical Activity And Risk Of 
       Injury -- Gender, Physical Fitness, And Risk Of Injury -- 
       Conclusion -- References -- 10 Body Composition, Morbidity,
       And Mortality -- INTRODUCTION -- METHODS OF MEASURING BODY
       COMPOSITION -- ACCURACY OF MEASUREMENTS -- USING A FOUR-
       COMPARTMENT MODEL FOR STUDIES OF BODY COMPOSITION -- 
       ASSOCIATIONS AMONG BODY COMPOSITION, DISEASE AND DEATH -- 
       Bone -- Fat-Free Mass -- Excess Adipose Tissue -- 
       Measuring Body Fat -- Distribution Of Body Fat In Adults -
       - SUMMARY -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- References 
505 8  11 Critique of the Military's Approach To Body Composition
       Assessment and Evaluation -- APPROACHES -- DISCUSSION -- 
       CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS -- References -- 12 Body 
       Composition and Performance in Relation To Environment -- 
       DEFINITION OF OBESITY -- PERFORMANCE IN COMFORTABLE 
       CLIMATES -- Physical Performance -- Resting Metabolism -- 
       Endurance Activities -- Lifting and Carrying -- Underwater
       Activity -- Size Problems -- Poor Health -- OTHER 
       IMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY -- HOT AND COLD ENVIRONMENTS -- 
       CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS -- References -- 13 Sex 
       Differences and Ethnic/Racial Differences in Body Size and
       Body Composition -- SEX DIFFERENCES IN BODY SIZE AND BODY 
       COMPOSITION -- ETHNIC AND RACIAL DIFFERENCES IN BODY MASS 
       AND BODY COMPOSITION -- RELEVANT EPIDEMIOLOGIC ASPECTS OF 
       FATNESS AND FITNESS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- APPENDIX -- PART
       III COMMITTEE DISCUSSION PAPER -- 14 Body Composition 
       Measurement: Accuracy, Validity, and Comparability -- 
       BACKGROUND -- METHODS AND ASSUMPTIONS -- Measurement and 
       Definitions in Body Composition -- Obesity Prevalence, Age
       Effects and Weight Fluctuations -- Population Based Data -
       - Individual-Based Data -- RESEARCH APPLICATIONS -- 
       SUMMARY -- References -- APPENDIXES -- A Accession 
       Standards for the Military Services -- U.S. Army -- 
       Chapter 2 Physical Standards for Enlistment, Appointment, 
       and Induction -- 2-1. General -- 2-2. Application and 
       Responsibilities -- a. Application. -- 2-21. Height -- 2-
       22. Weight -- 2-23. Body Build -- U.S. Navy -- (4) Navy 
       Health and Physical Readiness Program -- B Retention 
       Standards for the Military Services -- U.S. Army -- 
       Section I Introduction -- 1. Purpose -- 2. References -- 
       3. Explanation of Abbreviations and Terms -- 4. Objectives
       -- Section II Responsibilities -- 5. General -- Section 
       III Weight Control -- 20. Policy -- 21. Procedures -- 22. 
       Reenlistment Criteria 
505 8  Ar 600-9 Update: Appendix B Standard Methods For 
       Determining Body Fat Using Body Circumferences, Height And
       We ... -- B-1. Introduction -- B-2. Height and Weight 
       Measurements -- B-3. Description of Circumference Sites, 
       and Their Anatomical Landmarks and Technique -- B-4. 
       Circumference Sites and Landmarks for Males -- B-5. 
       Circumference Sites and Landmarks for Females -- B-6. 
       Preparation of the Body Fat Content Worksheets -- B-7. 
       Steps For Preparing the Male Body Fat Content Worksheet, 
       DA Form 5000-R, Dec 85 -- Step 1. Abdominal Measurement --
       Step 2. Neck Measurement -- Step 3. Average Abdominal 
       Measurement -- Step 4. Average Neck Measurement -- Step 5.
       Abdomen-Neck Difference -- Step 6. Abdomen-Neck Factor -- 
       Step 7. Height Factor -- Step 8. Percent Body Fat -- B-8. 
       -- Step 1. -- Step 2. Height Factor -- Step 3. Hip 
       Measurement -- Step 4. Forearm Measurement -- Step 5. Neck
       Measurement -- Step 6. Wrist Measurement -- Step 7. Hip 
       Factor -- Step 8. Forearm Factor -- Step 9. Neck Factor --
       Step 10. Wrist Factor -- Calculations -- Line C. Addition 
       Of Weight And Hip Factors -- Line H. Addition Of Height, 
       Forearm, Neck, And Wrist Factors -- Line I. Percent Body 
       Fat -- U.S. Navy -- Body Composition Determination 
       Procedure -- U.S. Air Force -- Chapter 1 -- Chapter 2 Air 
       Force Weight Program -- Section A-The Weight Program -- 2-
       1. Introduction. -- 2-2. The Weight Program: -- 2-13. 
       Individual Responsibilities. -- Section C- Weight 
       Standards and Maximum Allowable Weight (Maw) Standard 
       Adjustments -- 2-15. Weight Standards. -- 2-16. Maximum 
       Allowable Weight (MAW) Standard Adjustments. -- 2-17. 
       Appeal Procedures for MAW Adjustments. -- Section D- 
       Weight Program Requirements -- 2-18. Weight Program 
       Requirements. -- 2-19. Weight Checks, Height Measurements,
       and Scale Calibration: 
505 8  2-20. Permanent Change of Station (PCS) or Permanent 
       Change of Assignment (PCA) Procedures 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 Physical fitness.;Body composition 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Grumstrup-Scott, Judith 
700 1  Research, Committee on Military Nutrition 
700 1  Medicine, Institute of 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aMarriott, Bernadette M.|tBody 
       Composition and Physical Performance : Applications for 
       the Military Services|dWashington, D.C. : National 
       Academies Press,c1992|z9780309045865 
856 40 |uhttps://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sinciatw/
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