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Author Kang, Chang Deok
Title Land market impacts and firm geography in a green and transit-oriented city - The case of Seoul, Korea
book jacket
Descript 248 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-06, Section: A, page: 2251
Adviser: Robert Cervero
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2009
Many global cities are experiencing a paradigm shift in transportation investments and urban development policies. As cities continue to suffer from serious traffic congestion, blighted neighborhoods, and a deteriorating environment, some civic leaders in a few cities have switched their focus from mobility to accessibility, livability, and urban amenities. Further, compact urban development with open space and public transit enhancements is a critical component to reduce carbon emissions. To spur economic activity and improve urban environments, city leaders have turned their attention to deconstructing freeways and reforming public transit service
This study investigates the effects of two projects---freeways-to-urban greenways and bus rapid transit improvements---on land market and firm location in Seoul, Korea in the 21st century. Seoul is the first Asian city aggressively to pursue bus transit reforms as well as an urban stream restoration project along the Cheong Gye Cheon (CGC) corridor where an elevated freeway was removed in 2003. These two strategies are representative of the contemporary shift to sustainable planning and transportation policies in Seoul
After reviewing related theories and empirical studies in Chapter 2, providing a historical background to urban and transportation planning in Seoul in Chapter 3, and presenting this study's research design in Chapter 4, Chapter 5 explores how the urban greenway project in Seoul has affected land use, land values, the location choice of creative industries, and employment density since 2001. According to land use change models, parcels within 4 km of the CGC corridor were more likely to convert single-family residential use to more intensive uses such as high-rise residential, commercial-retail, and mixed units. Seoul's freeway removal and urban greenway investment conferred net benefits to residential and non-residential land within 3 km and 600 meters of the CGC corridor, respectively. The urban greenway also played a role in attracting and retaining creative industries within 1 km, and increased employment density within 1.2 km, of the CGC corridor
Chapter 6 assesses how the BRT improvements have affected land use change, land values, the location choice of creative industries, and employment density since 2001. According to land use change models, flat-residential parcels within 500 meters of median bus-lane stops were generally more likely to convert to more intensive residential uses. Seoul's innovative public transit conferred net benefits to both residential and nonresidential markets within 300 meters of BRT bus stops. Further, exclusive median bus-lane corridors tended to attract and retain creative industries and increased employment density within 500 meters of BRT bus stops
Seoul's experience has important policy implications for leaders of global cities seeking to develop economically and environmentally sustainable cities. The promotion of sustainable and livable cities requires the sophisticated design and management of green and transit-oriented policies that consider local context and market demand. A policy package that includes urban development and infrastructure provisions should be incorporated into a systemic approach. Specifically, the de-regulation of land use and the design of streets and public spaces to human scale are fundamental to creating compact and attractive urban settings. The findings in location choice models of creative industries strongly suggest that public policy should focus on expanding urban amenities and providing convenient public transit service to make cities more productive and competitive in the global economy. Regarding to conferred benefits from the urban greenway and BRT projects, policy makers should consider how to recapture some share of benefits from property owners to support public finances. This study demonstrates that urban greenway and bus rapid transit projects are an effective means of promoting dense land development and attracting creative industries, which make central cities more livable and competitive
School code: 0028
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 71-06A
Subject Geography
Urban and Regional Planning
Alt Author University of California, Berkeley
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