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100 1  Krumm, Kathie 
245 10 East Asia Integrates :|bA Trade Policy Agenda for Shared 
264  1 Washington :|bWorld Bank Publications,|c2004 
264  4 |c©2004 
300    1 online resource (402 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
490 1  World Bank Trade & Development 
505 0  Cover -- Title Page -- Contents -- Foreword -- 
       Acknowledgments -- Authors and Their Affiliations -- 
       Overview -- Why Push Integration Now? -- Context: Recent 
       Trends in Trade -- Widening Opportunities in Trade 
       Arrangements -- China's Role in the Region -- What WTO 
       Accession Means for China: Sectoral Shifts -- What WTO 
       Accession Means for China: Ways of Doing Business -- What 
       WTO Accession Means for the Rest of East Asia: On Balance,
       More Opportunity -- Regional Interdependence -- Scope for 
       Gains from Regionalism -- Making East Asian Arrangements a
       Stepping-stone to Global Integration -- Expanding Market 
       Access Globally -- Trade in Textiles and Clothing -- 
       Agricultural and Rural-Based Trade -- Development 
       Orientation for a Behind-the-Border Agenda -- Technical 
       Barriers and Standards: Balancing Trade with Consumer 
       Interests -- Transport and Logistics -- Services Sector 
       Liberalization -- Investment and Competition Policies -- 
       Intellectual Property Rights: Nurturing Domestic 
       Innovation -- Environment and Labor Standards -- 
       Reinforcing Social Stability through Broad Sharing of 
       Benefits -- Impact of Trade Reforms on Households -- 
       Sectors Important to Social Stability: Specific Micro 
       Interventions -- Trade and Stability -- Conclusions -- 
       Endnotes -- References -- PART 1 Widening Opportunities in
       Trade Arrangements -- 1 China's Accession to the WTO: 
       Impacts on China -- Introduction -- Policy Reforms 
       Associated with Accession -- Nondiscrimination -- Market 
       Opening -- Transparency and Predictability -- Undistorted 
       Trade -- Preferential Treatment for Developing Countries -
       - Intellectual Property Rights -- Sectoral Impacts of 
       Accession -- Agriculture -- Industrial Products -- Motor 
       Vehicles -- Policy Concerns -- Services -- Restrictions on
       Service Activities -- Logistics -- Telecommunications -- 
       Financial Services -- Impacts of Reforms on the Economy 
505 8  Exports -- Imports -- Employment -- Welfare Gains -- 
       Effects of WTO Accession at the Household Level -- Effects
       on Rural and Urban Households -- Effects on Poverty -- 
       Social Protection -- Conclusions -- Endnotes -- References
       -- 2 Regional Impact of China's Accession to the WTO -- 
       Introduction -- Channels of Impact -- Increased Access to 
       China's Domestic Markets -- Increased Imports from China -
       - Increased Competition in Third-Country Markets -- Shifts
       in Investment Patterns -- Impact of WTO Accession on Newly
       Industrializing East Asia and Japan -- Impact of WTO 
       Accession on the Middle-Income Developing Countries of 
       East Asia -- Indonesia -- Malaysia -- The Philippines -- 
       Thailand -- Impact of WTO Accession on the Low-Income 
       Countries of East Asia -- Cambodia -- Lao People's 
       Democratic Republic -- Vietnam -- Conclusions -- Endnotes 
       -- References -- 3 New Regionalism: Options for East Asia 
       -- Introduction -- Reasons for New Regionalism -- 
       Organization of This Chapter -- Regional Trade Agreements 
       in East Asia -- ASEAN Free Trade Area -- Proposed Regional
       Arrangements Involving China -- Other ASEAN Proposals -- 
       Regional Financial Cooperation -- Costs and Benefits of 
       Economic Regionalism -- Free Trade or a Bloc-ed Up World? 
       -- Distribution of Benefits: Hubs and Spokes -- Assessing 
       the Alternatives -- ASEAN and China -- ASEAN-China 
       Economic Relations -- Proposed ASEAN-China Free Trade Area
       : The Goals and Means to Achieve Them -- Conclusions: The 
       Way Forward -- Endnotes -- References -- 4 Market Access 
       Barriers and Poverty in Developing East Asia -- 
       Introduction -- Products and Markets of Export Interest to
       the Poor -- Agricultural and Agroprocessed Exports -- 
       Markets for the Key Agroproducts -- Market Access Barriers
       -- Domestic Support -- Tariff Barriers -- Tariff 
       Escalation -- Preferential Rates -- Nontariff Measures -- 
       Conclusions -- Endnotes 
505 8  References -- PART 2 Development Orientation for a Behind-
       the-Border Agenda -- 5 Trade and Logistics: An East Asian 
       Perspective -- Introduction -- Trade and Logistics Nexus -
       - Country Group Perspective -- Group 1: Outward-Oriented, 
       Highly Accessible -- Group 2: Outward-Oriented, Accessible
       -- Group 3: Less Open and Accessible -- Remote Regions 
       within Countries -- Benefits from Improved Logistics -- 
       Reduced "Wedge" between Consumer and Producer Prices -- 
       Insurance against Regional Price Fluctuations -- Reduced 
       Inventory Costs -- More Developed Markets -- Moving Up the
       Value Chain -- Regional Transport and Logistics Issues -- 
       Maritime Issues -- Multimodal Transport -- Ports and Land 
       Access -- Air Freight -- Policy Recommendations -- 
       Domestic Integration -- Private Sector -- Regulatory 
       Environment -- Transport -- Cross-Border Facilitation -- 
       Urban Land Use and Management -- Security -- Regional 
       Cooperation -- Endnotes -- References -- 6 Protecting 
       Industrial Inventions, Authors' Rights, and Traditional 
       Knowledge: Relevance, Lessons, and Unresolved Issues -- 
       Introduction -- Did Korea's Stronger Patent Laws 
       Contribute to Its Success in Foreign Patenting? -- Factors
       Contributing to the Rise in Korean Patenting -- Fertile 
       Technology Pull -- Friendly Court Pull -- Industrial 
       Upgrading Push -- Corporate Management Push -- Technology 
       Trajectory -- Innovation Performance: Korean Firms and 
       Worldwide Leaders -- Why Semiconductors and Not 
       Pharmaceuticals or Chemicals? -- Conclusions -- Will 
       Stronger Copyright Protection Encourage the Development of
       Copyright-Sensitive Businesses in Indonesia? -- Legal 
       Structure and Enforcement -- Effects of Copyright Law on 
       Specific Industries -- Software -- Recorded Music -- Film 
       -- Print Publishing -- Conclusions -- What Are the 
       Problems in Protecting Traditional Knowledge in Genetic 
505 8  A Framework for R&D in the Biological Sciences -- 
       Evolution in R&D Management -- A Brief History of Global 
       Policies Affecting Genetic Resources -- Is There an 
       Optimal Property Rights Institution? -- Practical Concerns
       -- Conclusions -- Overall Conclusions and Lessons -- 
       Endnotes -- References -- 7 Trade and Competitiveness 
       Aspects of Environmental and Labor Standards in East Asia 
       -- Introduction -- Labor Standards: Background and 
       Institutions -- Evidence on Labor Standards, Trade, and 
       Competitiveness -- Effects of Openness on Labor Standards 
       and Conditions of Work -- Effects of Changes in a 
       Country's Trade and Investment Regulations on Labor 
       Standards -- Labor Standards in Export Processing Zones --
       Evidence on the Effects of Labor Standards on Trade 
       Performance and FDI -- Environmental Protection: 
       Background and Institutions -- Evidence on Environmental 
       Protection, Trade, and Competitiveness -- How Does 
       Openness Affect Environmental Protection and Use? -- 
       Evidence on Environmental Standards and Competitiveness --
       Past Evidence -- Evidence from East Asia -- Environmental 
       Protection and the Doha Round -- Policy Implications -- 
       Endnotes -- References -- PART 3 Reinforcing Social 
       Stability Through Broad Sharing of Benefits -- 8 Household
       Welfare Impacts of China's Accession to the WTO -- 
       Introduction -- Measuring the Welfare Impacts of Trade 
       Reform -- Our Approach in This Chapter -- Results -- 
       Measured Welfare Impacts of WTO Accession -- Incidence of 
       Gains and Losses -- Conclusions -- Endnotes -- References 
       -- 9 Trade in Sectors Important to the Poor: Rice in 
       Cambodia and Vietnam and Cashmere in Mongolia -- 
       Introduction -- Rice and the Poor in Cambodia and Vietnam 
       -- Rice Exports -- Value Chain Analysis: Constraints on 
       Production and Trade, and Policy Options -- Cambodia -- 
       Vietnam -- Overview of Recommendations -- Aggregate 
505 8  Effects on Farmers and the Poor -- Cashmere and the Poor 
       in Mongolia -- Potential Gains for the Poor from Trade in 
       Cashmere -- Value Chain Analysis: Constraints on 
       Production and Trade, and Policy Options -- Herders -- 
       Traders and Marketing and Distribution Channels -- 
       Processors -- Cashmere Trade Policies -- Overview of 
       Recommendations -- Conclusions -- Endnotes -- References -
       - 10 Trade and Labor Market Vulnerability in Indonesia, 
       Republic of Korea, and Thailand -- Introduction -- 
       Overview of Trade Liberalization and Labor Market 
       Volatility -- Measures of Trade Liberalization -- 
       Volatility of Some Aggregate Indicators -- Trends in 
       Earnings and Employment in Synthetic Panels -- Indirect 
       Estimation of Changes in Workers' Vulnerability to Poverty
       from Cross-Sectional Data -- A Simple Model -- Findings --
       Conclusions -- Endnotes -- References -- Index -- Back 
520    Emerging East Asian economies have seen their share of 
       world exports more than triple during the past quarter-
       century, and intraregional trade has driven this growth. 
       Broad measures of development in East Asia have improved 
       at the same headlong pace. Why push further integration 
       now? Two economic events of historic proportions provide 
       the context: strategic thinking of development in the 
       region following the East Asian financial crisis of 1997-
       98 and the accession of China to the World Trade 
       Organization. Policymakers interested in a stable, 
       prosperous region are concerned by mildly rising 
       inequality within countries and a widening gap between 
       richer economies and the poorest economies. Increasingly, 
       the development agenda in the region - with its focus on 
       growth, jobs, and social stability - and the trade policy 
       agenda - with its focus on market access and 
       competitiveness - have become intertwined. East Asian 
       policymakers seek to develop a coherent set of economic 
       policies that can deliver stability, growth, and regional 
       integration. Without attempting to be comprehensive, East 
       Asia Integrates offers fundamental strategies that promote
       cross-border flows of trade, along with domestic policies 
       on logistics, trade facilitation, standards and 
       institutions to maximize the impact of these flows on 
       development and distribute the gains from trade widely. As
       the authors demonstrate, multilateral and regional trade 
       initiatives must provide a compelling vision of how 
       integration can deliver broadly shared growth and 
       prosperity if they are to succeed. In addition, they must 
       use the momentum offered by trade agreements to address 
       the links between trade on the one hand, and social 
       stability, poverty reduction, and growth on the other 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
650  0 World Trade Organization -- China.;Regionalism -- East 
       Asia.;East Asia -- Commercial policy.;East Asia -- 
       Commerce.;East Asia -- Economic integration.;East Asia -- 
       Economic conditions 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Kharas, Homi 
700 1  Kharas, Homi J 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aKrumm, Kathie|tEast Asia Integrates : A 
       Trade Policy Agenda for Shared Growth|dWashington : World 
       Bank Publications,c2004|z9780821355145 
830  0 World Bank Trade & Development 
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