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Author Khurshid, Hafsa
Title Synthesis and characterization of iron based nanoparticles for novel applications
book jacket
Descript 229 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 73-02, Section: B, page:
Adviser: George C. Hadjipanayis
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Delaware, 2011
The work in this thesis has been focused on the fabrication and characterization of iron based nanoparticles with controlled size and morphology with the aim: (i) to investigate their properties for potential applications in MICR toners and biomedical field and (ii) to study finite size effects on the magnetic properties of the nanoparticles
For the biomedical applications, core/shell structured iron/iron-oxide and hollow shell nanoparticles were synthesized by thermal decomposition of iron organometallic compounds [Fe(CO)5] at high temperature. Core/shell structured iron/iron-oxide nanoparticles have been prepared in the presence of oleic acid and oleylamine. Particle size and composition was controlled by varying the reaction parameters during synthesis. The as-made particles are hydrophobic and not dispersible in water. Water dispersibility was achieved by ligand exchange a with double hydrophilic diblock copolymer. Relaxometery measurements of the transverse relaxation time T2 of the nanoparticles solution at 3 Tesla confirm that the core/shell nanoparticles are an excellent MRI contrast agent using T2 weighted imaging sequences. In comparison to conventionally used iron oxide nanoparticles, iron/iron-oxide core/shell nanoparticles offer four times stronger T2 shortening effect at comparable core size due to their higher magnetization. The magnetic properties were studied as a function of particle size, composition and morphology
Hollow nanostructures are composed of randomly oriented grains arranged together to make a shell layer and make an interesting class of materials. The hollow morphology can be used as an extra degree of freedom to control the magnetic properties. Owing to their hollow morphology, they can be used for the targeted drug delivery applications by filling the drug inside their cavity
For the magnetic toners applications, particles were synthesized by chemically reducing iron salt using sodium borohydride and then coated with polyethylene glycol. Parameters such as the reactant concentrations and their flow rate were varied to study the effect of particle size, structure and crystallinity on the magnetic nanoparticles. Many different hydrophilic surfactants and polymers electrolytes were investigated for the particles' stability in water. PSSNa was found to be the best coating agent among all the other investigated polymer and surfactants for particles stability in water. Particles have an average size of 50 nm and magnetization above 150 emu/g. It is anticipated that owing to their high saturation magnetization and magneto crystalline anisotropy, the incorporations of PSSNa coated nanoparticles into the MICR toner can reduce the pigment loading and hence optimize the toner quality
The magnetic properties were studied as a function of particle size, composition and morphology. The saturation magnetization and coercivity was found to be strongly dependent on the particle size and morphology. The estimated effective anisotropy of the particles was found to be much higher than their bulk values because of their morphology and finite size effects. Core/shell particles below an average size of 12 nm display superparamagnetism and exchange bias phenomenon. The hollow morphology can be used as an extra degree of freedom to control magnetic properties. The enormously large number of pinned spins at the inner and outer surface and at the interface between the grain boundaries in hollow nanoparticles, gives rise to a very large value of effective anisotropy in these nanoparticles and measured hyteresis loops are minor loops. The surface spin disorder contribution to magnetic behavior is strongly influenced by the cooling field magnitude
School code: 0060
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 73-02B
Subject Physics, Condensed Matter
Alt Author University of Delaware. Department of Physics and Astronomy
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