LEADER 00000nam  2200361   4500 
001    AAI9306293 
005    20100506123442.5 
008    100506s1992    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
035    (UMI)AAI9306293 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Kiango, John Gongwe 
245 10 Swahili dictionary design 
300    189 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 53-
       11, Section: A, page: 3887 
500    Sponsor: Clifford Hill 
502    Thesis (Ed.D.)--Teachers College, Columbia University, 
       1992 
520    This study is concerned with the methods of entering noun 
       derivatives in Swahili dictionaries. Since the existing 
       methods have different problems, this study searches for a
       more adequate method 
520    Data were collected from the library and the field. With 
       regard to the library study, a corpus of six selected verb
       entries from six traditional Swahili dictionaries was used
       to examine the methods used in those dictionaries in order
       to see their strengths and their weaknesses. The same six 
       verb entries were also used to check semantic irregularity
       of noun derivatives in order to see whether the meanings 
       of derivatives could be predicted from those of their 
       component parts 
520    The field study was designed to identify productive and 
       unproductive noun-forming suffixes. A questionnaire with 
       144 noun derivatives generated by eight noun-forming 
       suffixes and three noun classes was administered to 
       language instructors. Another questionnaire with 48 noun 
       stems without class prefixes was administered to secondary
       school students. The informants were asked to judge 
       whether the derived nouns or noun stems are possible or 
       impossible in the Swahili language 
520    The following results were obtained in this study: First, 
       three methods of entering noun derivatives in dictionaries
       were identified. These methods are: separate entries, no 
       separate entries, and separate entries with cross-
       referencing. It was concluded that the method of separate 
       entries with cross-referencing has fewer problems. Second,
       with regard to semantic irregularity, almost half of the 
       meanings of derivatives cannot be predicted from the 
       meanings of their component parts. Third, with regard to 
       productivity of the noun-forming suffixes, it was found 
       that only two noun-forming suffixes out of eight are 
       productive. This suggests that not many derivatives could 
       be generated by these suffixes 
520    Based on the three results mentioned above, the method of 
       separate entries with cross-referencing, which is free 
       from the problem of retrieval, was adapted. However, this 
       method is not consistent in listing derivatives under 
       their base verbs or in linking different entries. Hence it
       was constrained in order to alleviate these problems. (The
       adapted method is described as a constrained separate 
       entries with cross-referencing.) 
590    School code: 0055 
650  4 Language, Linguistics 
650  4 Language, General 
690    0290 
690    0679 
710 2  Teachers College, Columbia University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g53-11A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
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