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Author Allensworth, Diane
Title Schools and Health : Our Nation's Investment
Imprint Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, 1997
©1997
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (512 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Schools & Health -- Copyright -- Preface -- Contents -- Executive Summary -- BACKGROUND -- FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS -- Education -- Findings and Conclusions -- Recommendations -- Services -- Findings and Conclusions -- Recommendations -- The CSHP Infrastructure -- Findings and Conclusions -- Recommendations -- Research and Evaluation -- Findings and Conclusions -- Recommendations -- MOVING SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMS INTO THE FUTURE -- 1 Introduction -- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY -- THE CURRENT CONTEXT FOR SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMS -- The Importance of Education -- The New Social Morbidities -- Problems Due to Poverty -- Changing Family Structures -- Access to Health Care -- THE COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM -- MAJOR ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONSIDERED BY THE COMMITTEE -- ORGANIZATION OF THE REMAINDER OF THIS REPORT -- REFERENCES -- 2 Evolution of School Health Programs -- HISTORICAL OVERVIEW -- School Health Through the Early Twentieth Century -- School Health from World War I to the 1960s -- The Influence of Reports and Publications -- The Nature of School Health Programs from World War I to the 1960s -- Research and Experimentation -- National Conferences and Collaboration -- School Health from the 1960s to the Present -- What Have We Learned from the History of Health Programs in the Schools? -- THE COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM -- Goals and Desired Outcomes -- Student Outcomes -- Programmatic and Organizational Outcomes -- Community Outcomes -- The Need for a Definition -- Previous Definitions and Models of School Health Programs -- The Three-Component Model -- The Eight-Component Model -- Related Models and Definitions -- Full-Service Schools -- Definition of the Joint Committee on Health Education Terminology -- The Committee's Provisional Definition -- The Definition Revisited
Key Elements of a Comprehensive School Health Program -- Community Participation and Focus -- School Environment -- Education -- Services -- Integration of Comprehensive School Health Programs with Community Health Efforts -- Integration of the Elements of a Comprehensive School Health Program -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 3 Education -- THE ROLE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMS -- Introduction -- Quality Physical Education -- Health-Related Physical Fitness -- Research -- Current Practice -- Personnel Providing Physical Education -- Findings Regarding Physical Education -- THE ROLE OF HEALTH EDUCATION IN COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMS -- Introduction -- Instructional Focus -- Desired Practice in Health Education -- National Standards for Health Education -- Effective Curricula -- Assessment -- Well-Prepared Health Education Teachers -- Time -- Current Practice in Health Education -- Curriculum -- Qualifications of Health Teachers -- Research on Effectiveness of Health Education -- Lessons Learned -- Cost-Effectiveness -- Public Perceptions of Health Education -- The Integration of Health Across the Curriculum -- Health Information in Other Disciplines -- Subjects with Direct Connections to Health -- Connections Between Health Education and Other Subjects -- Connections Between National Standards in Science Education and the National Health Education Standards -- Needs in Health Education -- Implementation of Effective Curricula -- Improved Professional Preparation -- Improved Environment -- Further Research -- Recent Recommendations of Other Groups to Strengthen Health Education -- The National Action Plan for Comprehensive School Health Education -- National Health Education Standards -- School Health Policies and Programs Study Recommendations -- SUMMARY OF FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS -- RECOMMENDATIONS -- REFERENCES
4 School Health Services -- INTRODUCTION -- Common Elements of School Health Services -- The Need for School Health Services -- Special Needs Due to Poverty -- Relative Frequency of Health Problems in Low-Income Children Compared with Other Children -- OVERVIEW OF BASIC SCHOOL SERVICES -- Health Care Services -- Nurses and Nurse Practitioners -- Physicians -- Dentists -- Services for Students with Special Needs -- Mental Health or Pupil Services -- School Psychologists -- School Counselors -- School Social Workers -- Mechanisms for Providing Mental Health and Pupil Services -- Nutrition and Foodservice -- EXTENDED SERVICES -- School-Based Health Centers -- Other Extended Services -- Mental Health Centers -- Cities in Schools -- School-Based Youth Service Centers -- Family Resource Centers -- Comprehensive Multicomponent Programs: Full-Service Schools -- Regional Approaches for Small School Districts -- RESEARCH ON SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES -- Basic School Health Services -- Research on School-Based Health Centers and Other Extended Services -- Utilization Studies -- Outcome Data -- Cost-Benefit Studies -- Potential Strengths and Weaknesses of School-Based Health Centers -- Research Needs -- MATCHING LEVEL OF SERVICES TO NEEDS -- CONFIDENTIALITY OF STUDENTS' HEALTH AND EDUCATION RECORDS -- FINANCING OF SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES -- Overview -- Medicaid -- School-Based Health Insurance -- Financing for School-Based Health Centers -- Nonprofit Intermediary for Contracting Services -- Other Funding Strategies -- FIRST STEPS FOR A COMMUNITY IN ESTABLISHING SCHOOL SERVICES -- Ensure Access to Primary Health Care -- Deal with Crisis Medical Situations -- Carry Out Mandated Screening Programs -- Provide Systems for Identification and Solution of Students' Health and Educational Problems -- Provide Comprehensive and Appropriate Health Education
Provide a Healthful and Safe School Environment That Promotes Learning -- Provide a System of Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the School Health Program -- SUMMARY OF FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS -- RECOMMENDATIONS -- REFERENCES -- 5 Building the Infrastructure for Comprehensive School Health Programs -- THE NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE -- Federal Interagency Committee on School Health -- National Coordinating Committee on School Health -- Federal Programs and Funding Streams for School Health -- Other National Efforts -- THE STATE AND LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE -- The State Infrastructure -- Leadership of the State Infrastructure -- CDC/DASH Models of State Infrastructure Development -- Coordination of Funding Streams -- Technical Assistance -- The Local Infrastructure -- District School Health Advisory and Coordinating Councils -- District School Health Coordinator -- The Infrastructure at the Individual School Level -- Extending the Infrastructure through Interdisciplinary and School-Community Collaboration -- Personnel Training Needs -- Overcoming Controversy -- Overcoming Other Barriers -- Mobilizing Community Support -- Principles for Collaboration -- SUMMARY OF FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS -- RECOMMENDATIONS -- National Level -- State Level -- Community or District Level -- School Level -- REFERENCES -- RECOMMENDED READING -- 6 Challenges in School Health Research and Evaluation -- OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH AND EVALUATION -- Types of School Health Research -- Basic Research -- Outcome Evaluation -- Process Evaluation -- Linking Outcome and Process Evaluations -- Who Conducts the Research? -- Uses for Research and Evaluation -- METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES -- Challenges in Assessing Validity -- Defining the Independent Variable -- Defining the Dependent Variable -- Other Issues -- Challenges Related to Feasibility
CHALLENGES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR SCHOOL HEALTH EDUCATION RESEARCH -- Effects of Comprehensive Health Education -- How Much Health Education Is Enough? -- Duration, Sequence, and Timing of Health Education -- Lasting Effects of School Health Education -- Active Ingredients of Health Education -- Risk-Factor-Specific Versus Problem Behavior Intervention Models -- Realistic Outcomes for School Health Education -- SUMMARY OF FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS -- RECOMMENDATIONS -- REFERENCES -- 7 The Path to the Future -- THE UNIQUE POSITION OF THE SCHOOL -- MOVING SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMS INTO THE FUTURE -- AN INVESTMENT IN THE FUTURE -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- Appendixes -- APPENDIX A The School-Community Interface in Comprehensive School Health Education -- CRITERIA FOR LITERATURE REVIEW -- MODELS OF INTEGRATED SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY HEALTH EDUCATION -- RATIONALE FOR INTEGRATING SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY EFFORTS -- Practical Considerations -- Theoretical Considerations -- THE CONCEPT OF STRATEGIC PREVENTION -- THE ARGUMENT FOR SCHOOL + COMMUNITY PROGRAMS -- School Programs -- Community Programs -- School + Community Programs -- REMAINING QUESTIONS -- CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS -- REFERENCES -- APPENDIX B Guidelines for Comprehensive School Health Programs -- INTRODUCTION -- COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM -- SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT -- Policy and Administrative Support -- Psychosocial Environment -- Physical Environment -- HEALTH EDUCATION -- Policy and Administrative Support -- Goals and Objectives -- Student Outcomes -- Curriculum -- Teaching Methods -- Teaching/Learning Materials -- Health Educator Standards -- Professional Development -- HEALTH SERVICES -- Policy and Administrative Support -- Goals, Objectives and Program Outcomes -- Student Services -- Coordination of Services -- Physician Standards -- Nursing Standards
Professional Development
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Allensworth, Diane Schools and Health : Our Nation's Investment Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press,c1997 9780309054355
Subject School health services -- United States.;School health services -- United States -- Planning.;Health education -- United States
Electronic books
Alt Author Lawson, Elaine
Nicholson, Lois
Wyche, James
K-12, Committee on Comprehensive School Health Programs in Grades
Medicine, Institute of
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