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Author Levie-Bernfeld, Tirtsah
Title Poverty and Welfare among the Portuguese Jews in Early Modern Amsterdam
Imprint London : Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, The, 2012
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (609 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- List of Tables -- List of Figures -- Note on Transliteration and Orthography -- Note on Monetary Units -- 1 Setting the Scene -- Terminology: The Definition of Poverty -- What Precisely Are We Trying to Establish? -- Sources -- 2 Migration of the Poor -- Introduction -- Evolving Policy on Admission and Relief of the Poor -- Where Did the Poor Come From? -- The Journey to Amsterdam from the Iberian Peninsula -- The Route: From Portugal, from Spain, and from France to Amsterdam -- Funding the Journey -- The Journey to Amsterdam from Other Regions -- Italy -- North Africa -- South-eastern Europe and the Levant -- The New World -- Hamburg and Antwerp -- Emigration from Amsterdam -- Pressure on Migrants to Move On -- Destinations and Numbers -- Female Migration -- The Migration Balance -- 3 Demographic Outline -- Introduction -- The Scope of Poor Relief -- Financial Strength -- Family Composition -- Conclusion -- 4 The Organization of Welfare -- Introduction -- The Theory: Modern Elements in a Traditional Approach -- Centralization versus Private Initiatives -- Selective Poor Relief -- Criteria for Granting Poor Relief -- Procedures: Petitions and Lots -- Domiciliary versus Institutional Care -- Poor Relief in Practice: Communal and Private Provision -- Communal Care -- Education of Paupers -- Care of Orphans -- Care of Paupers in Sickness and Death -- Distribution of Clothing -- Loans and the Portuguese Variant of the Monte di Pietà -- The Abodat Ahesed Society and the Workhouse for Ashkenazim -- Shelter for Strangers -- Other Forms of Organized Private Poor Relief -- The Kahal's Response to Private Charitable Initiatives -- Conclusion -- 5 Financing Charity -- The Public Sector -- Income and Expenditure -- Reforms to the Financial System
Tax Increases and their Effect -- The Creation of a Reserve Fund -- Cost-Cutting Measures -- The Private Sector -- The Contribution of Individuals to Public Poor Relief -- Private Support for Ḥevrot -- Direct Assistance to Paupers by Individuals -- The Scope of Charitable Bequests -- Conclusion -- 6 The Motives behind Charity -- Charity Sustained by Piety -- Inspiration in Action -- The Family as the Main Object of Charity -- The Civic Sense, Trust, and Charitable Gifts -- Prestige -- Social Concern and Mutual Responsibility -- Conclusion -- 7 The Daily Life of the Poor -- Introduction -- Housing -- Money and Work -- Appeals for Help: Petitions -- The Level of Poor Relief -- Protest and Misbehaviour -- Life on the Fringe -- Networks of Crime -- Solidarity -- Conclusion: A Motley Crowd -- 8 Epilogue -- Appendices -- I Tables -- II Figures -- III Four Biographical Studies -- Glossary of Terms and Names -- Notes -- Archives Consulted -- Bibliography -- Index of Persons -- Index of Subjects
A pioneering study of the relationship between rich and poor that adds a new dimension to the understanding of Jewish life in early modern Amsterdam
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Levie-Bernfeld, Tirtsah Poverty and Welfare among the Portuguese Jews in Early Modern Amsterdam London : Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, The,c2012 9781904113577
Subject Jews-Netherlands-Amsterdam-History.
Jews-Netherlands-Amsterdam-Economic conditions.
Poverty-Religious aspects-Judaism
Electronic books
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