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Author Linaman, Todd E
Title Recollected parental verbal abuse and its relationship to dysfunctional attitudes, now and possible-future selves and depressive symptoms in adults
book jacket
Descript 103 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 57-12, Section: B, page: 7734
Chair: Maureen Lassen
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Fielding Institute, 1996
Many social scientists support the theory that maladaptive self-schemas often develop in childhood as a result of exposure to repeated, adverse, early-life experiences (e.g., Young, 1990). In addition, some theorists contend that these maladaptive self-schemas may play a significant role in both the etiology and maintenance of depression (e.g., Olinger, Kuiper, & Shaw, 1987)
Using a retrospective approach, this study examined the effects of parental verbal abuse on two types of self-schemas referred to as dysfunctional attitudes and now and possible-future selves. In addition, the relationships between these two types of self-schemas and depressive symptoms were examined
A latent construct of recollected verbal abuse was developed and incorporated into a recursive path model together with the manifest variables of dysfunctional attitudes, positive and negative now and possible-future selves and depressive symptoms. Primary analysis of the model was conducted using a structural equations model of analysis (EQS) (Bentler, 1989)
A total of 166 subjects completed questionnaires for the study. Sixty-six subjects (18 males and 48 females) were receiving some form of personal counseling, while 100 subjects (34 males and 66 females) were not
Within the context of the structural model, the results indicate that recollected verbal abuse does have a statistically significant positive direct effect on both negative now and possible-future selves and dysfunctional attitudes, but does not have a negative direct effect on positive now and possible-future selves. In addition, dysfunctional attitudes had a positive direct effect on depressive symptoms; however, almost half of the total effect of dysfunctional attitudes on depressive symptoms was accounted for by the indirect effects of positive and negative now and possible-future selves
This study contributes to furthering our understanding of how parental verbal behaviors may impact the development of self-schemas which, in turn, may possibly serve to trigger or prevent the onset of depressive symptoms
School code: 0565
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 57-12B
Subject Psychology, Clinical
Psychology, Social
Alt Author The Fielding Institute
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