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Author Liu, Hsiang-Wang
Title The fall and rise of the Nationalist Chinese [electronic resource] : The Chinese civil war from Huaihai to the Taiwan Strait, 1948-1950 / Hsiang-wang Liu
book jacket
 Modern H  OD-000788  2004:pt.1    AVAILABLE    30550170011520
Descript 266 p
Note UMI Number: 9802687
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 58-07, Section: A, page: 2801
Adviser: William J. Duiker
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Pennsylvania State University, 1997
Includes bibliographical references
The focus of this dissertation involves the period from the collapse of the Nationalist regime in Nanjing to its flight and ultimate survival on Taiwan. Its collapse began during the Huaihai campaign in North China in late 1948. Its survival and consolidation on Taiwan took place in 1950 during the Korean War. This subject matter encompasses part of the Chinese civil war and part of the Cold War
This paper will not discuss the entire Chinese civil war, since not all campaigns during the war were so decisive as to lead to the collapse of the Nationalist regime. The war in Manchuria, for example, was fought on a great scale, but it did not bring down the Nanjing government. However, the Huaihai campaign shattered the foundation of Chiang Kai-shek's dynasty on the Chinese mainland, initiating the collapse of the Nationalist regime
After the Huaihai campaign, the Nationalist government was divided, but remained to struggle in South China. The situation surrounding the Nationalists continued to be very dangerous, internationally and at home. Chiang's forces were constantly defeated and eventually retreated to Taiwan. Other Nationalist forces, such as the Guangxi troops, were destroyed completely
Chiang's resettlement on Taiwan was not easy and secure. His troops first defeated the People's Liberation Army in selected battles in Southeast China, and then with great efforts, his government gradually secured firm control over Taiwan. Under U.S. auspices, he not only stabilized the island's politics, but also used the island as his base in order to "recover China."
Why did the Nationalists collapse on the mainland? How could they survive on the island of Taiwan? These issues regarding their retreat, i.e., the fall and rise of the Nationalist regime, are the major concerns in this dissertation
Basically, this dissertation approaches this subject from a military historical aspect. I will focus on the strategy employed by the two sides, the Nationalists and the Communists, from late 1948 to early 1950. It was a war which combined the Chinese civil war and the Cold War
Photocopy. Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International, 1997
School code: 0176
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 58-07A
Subject The Pennsylvania State University -- Dissertations -- Optical disc
History, Asia, Australia and Oceania -- Optical disc
History, United States -- Optical disc
History, Modern -- Optical disc
Alt Author The Pennsylvania State University
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