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Author Lugaro, Maria
Title Stardust from Meteorites : An Introduction to Presolar Grains
Imprint Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, 2005
©2005
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (224 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series World Scientific Series On Nonlinear Science Series A ; v.9
World Scientific Series On Nonlinear Science Series A
Note Intro -- Contents -- Preface -- 1 . Meteoritic Presolar Grains and Their Significance -- 1.1 Presolar isotopic signatures and their carriers -- 1.2 The discovery of presolar stellar grains -- 1.3 Meteorites carrying stellar grains -- 1.4 Types of presolar grains -- 1.4.1 Diamonds -- 1.4.2 Silicate grains -- 1.4.3 Silicon carbide grains -- 1.4.4 Graphite grains -- 1.4.5 Oxide grains -- 1.4.6 Silicon nitride grains -- 1.5 New information from presolar grains -- 1.5.1 Stellar evolution, nucleosynthesis and mixing -- 1.5.2 Physical and chemical properties of the gas around stars and supernov -- 1.5.3 The interstellar medium, molecular clouds and early solar system -- 1.6 Outline -- 1.7 Exercises -- 2 . Basics of Stellar Nucleosynthesis -- 2.1 Hydrogen burning, and the life of most stars -- 2.1.1 The pp chain -- 2.1.2 The CNO, NeNa and MgAl cycles -- 2.2 Helium burning, and the evolution of stars of low mass -- 2.3 The process: C, Ne and O burnings, and the evolution of stars of high mass -- 2.4 The e process: Si burning, and supernova explosions -- 2.5 The production of elements heavier than Fe -- 2.5.1 The s process -- 2.5.2 The r process -- 2.5.3 The p process -- 2.6 Exercises -- 3 . Laboratory Analysis of Presolar Grains -- 3.1 The isolation of diamond, graphite and SiC grains -- 3.2 Looking at presolar grains -- 3.3 Isotopic measurements with mass spectrometers -- 3.3.1 Noble-gas extraction -- 3.3.2 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) -- 3.3.3 The advent of Resonant Ionization Mass Spectrometry (RIMS) in trace element analysis -- 3.4 Location and analysis of rare types of presolar grains -- 3.5 Concluding remarks -- 3.6 Exercises -- 4 . The Origin of Presolar Sic Grains -- 4.1 Classification of Sic grains on the basis of their C, N and Si compositions -- 4.2 Where did mainstream presolar Sic grains come from?
4.2.1 Theoretical modelling of AGB and C(N) stars -- 4.3 Carbon and nitrogen in mainstream Sic grains and in AGB stars -- 4.4 The Ne-E(H) anomalous component -- 4.5 The presence of 26Al -- 4.6 The puzzle of the silicon isotopic composition of mainstream Sic grains -- 4.7 Titanium isotopic composition of mainstream Sic grains -- 4.8 A, B, X, Y and Z: The minor Sic grains populations -- 4.8.1 The Y and Z populations -- 4.8.2 The A and B populations -- 4.8.3 The X population -- 4.9 Exercises -- 5 . Heavy Elements in Presolar SiC Grains -- 5.1 Modelling the s process in AGB stars -- 5.1.1 The neutron source in AGB stars -- 5.1.2 The production of a 13C pocket -- 5.1.3 The current model -- 5.1.4 The neutron flux in the 13C pocket -- 5.1.5 The neutron flux in the thermal pulse -- 5.2 SiC grain data and the s process in AGB stars -- 5.2.1 Class I: Isotopic ratios involving p-only and r-only isotopes -- 5.2.2 Class II: Isotopic ratios involving isotopes in local equilibriuin -- 5.2.3 Class III: Isotopic ratios involving isotopes with magic neutron numbers -- 5.2.4 Class IV: Isotopic ratios involving isotopes depending on branchings -- 5.2.5 Class V: Isotopic ratios involving isotopes produced by radioactive decay -- 5.3 The heavy noble gases: Kr and Xe -- 5.4 Exercises -- 6 . Diamond, Graphite and Oxide Grains -- 6.1 Diamond -- 6.2 Graphite -- 6.3 Oxide grains -- 6.4 Exercises -- Appendix A Glossary -- Appendix B Solutions to Exercises -- B.l Chapter 1 -- B.2 Chapter 2 -- B.3 Chapter 3 -- B.4 Chapter 4 -- B.5 Chapter 5 -- B.6 Chapter 6 -- Appendix C Selected Books and Reviews for Quick Reference -- C.1 Presolar grains -- C.2 Stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis -- C.3 AGB stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis -- Bibliography -- Index
Key Features:The first book specifically dedicated to the 20-year-old study of presolar stellar grainsContains basic background material together with the most recent discoveriesPresents a simple but comprehensive description of the latest stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis theoriesQuotes most of the relevant bibliography related to stellar grains and hence can be used as a source of reference
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Lugaro, Maria Stardust from Meteorites : An Introduction to Presolar Grains Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd,c2005 9789812560995
Subject Cosmic grains.;Interstellar matter
Electronic books
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