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Author Mach, Traci Lynn
Title Three essays on welfare reform [electronic resource]
book jacket
 Euro-Am Microform Rm    NET. RESOURCES    i30604564
Note Originally published in paper form (133 p.). EAS holding is in electronic book(pdf form) and 30 books are together on a CD-ROM.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 61-05, Section: A, page: 1977
Adviser: Randall Olsen
UMI number:9971597
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Ohio State University, 2000
In August 1996, Congress passed the Personal Responsibility Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act. This act eliminated Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), the largest source of cash assistance available to needy families, and replaced it with Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), a time-limited program with stringent work requirements. This dissertation utilizes interstate variation in pre-reform passage of waivers to examine the impact of the new system on individual behavior
The first essay investigates the impact of family cap policies on women's childbearing decisions. Such policies eliminate the increase in AFDC benefits to families who bear children while receiving benefits. Using matched data from the March Current Population Survey, I estimate the probability of observing a birth in the second year given the state's family cap status. Estimates indicate living in a state that passes a family cap provision does not affect childbearing decisions. However, living in a state that passes a family cap provision <italic>and</italic> receiving welfare benefits reduces fertility among the welfare population by 19.5 percent
The second essay readdresses the welfare magnet hypothesis in the context of a time-limited welfare system. According to the original hypothesis, individuals migrate to states with more generous benefit structures. Under TANF, there are more interstate differences than previously, including differential time limits. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79), I model migration as a function of the current location's relative characteristics. Estimates show that while being subject to a time limit is positively associated with cross-county migration, this impact becomes smaller as the distance to avoid being subject to a time limit increases
The final essay examines AFDC participation and exit decisions. I identify different reform policies separately and allow them to have different impacts on current and potential recipients. Making use of the extended panel provided by the NLSY79, I estimate a monthly competing risks hazard model of eligibility and participation. Results show that while recipients are responsive to some provisions, the provisions retard rather than hasten exit. However, potential recipients are deterred from taking up benefits by the presence of time limits
School code: 0168
Related Wrk Digital Dissertation Consortium (EAS)
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 61-05A
Subject Economics, Theory
Women's Studies
Sociology, Public and Social Welfare
Alt Author The Ohio State University
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