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Author Nielsen, Suzanne Christine
Title Preparing for war: The dynamics of peacetime military reform
book jacket
Descript 499 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 64-09, Section: A, page: 3470
Adviser: Stephen Peter Rosen
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Harvard University, 2003
Until force becomes irrelevant in international politics, the characteristics of a country's military institutions will remain important. Though these institutions are tested in war, they usually evolve in important ways during times of peace. This dissertation is about shaping military organizations during peacetime through military reform
This dissertation makes four central arguments about peacetime military reform. First, leaders within military organizations are essential to the process; external developments most often have an indeterminate impact on military change. Second, peacetime military reform is about more than changing doctrine. To implement its doctrine, an organization must have appropriate training practices, personnel policies, organizations, equipment, and leader development programs. Third, the implementation of comprehensive change requires an organizational entity with broad authority able to craft, evaluate, and execute an integrated program of reform. Fourth and finally, the process of developing and implementing peacetime reforms can take several decades
Using comparative case studies and the method of structured, focused comparison this dissertation examines efforts by armies to reform in times of peace. The primary focus of this study is the U.S. Army in the 1970s and early 1980s. This was an important period in which the U.S. Army recovered from the Vietnam War and refocused on a potential future war in Europe. Four additional cases of attempted peacetime military reform examined in lesser depth include: the U.S. Army in the 1950s; the French Army between the Franco-Prussian War and World War I; the British Army between World War I and World War II; and the German Army between World War I and World War II
School code: 0084
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 64-09A
Subject Political Science, International Law and Relations
Political Science, General
Alt Author Harvard University
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